The Voice Mr. Fazzini Public Speaking
Let’s start with the basics • Air pressure is the “fuel” of the voice • The lungs provide the air (naturally) • The diaphragm is a system of muscles that is connected to the lowest ribs on the sides. • The diaphragm's primary function is to help you inhale.
Exercise #1 • Exercise #1 • Take a deep breath as you normally would • What do we notice?
Modification… • Now do THIS: • inhale a deep breath and be sure you are breathing in properly with your gut extending outward slightly, not your chest. • After we master this, we’ll produce some sounds
Stuff in the throat… • The windpipe (trachea) connects the lungs to the larynx (voice box) • The larynx is where most of the vocal production happens • Vocal sounds are generated in the larynx • Vocal pitch and volume are also manipulated here
The extremes of the voice’s capabilities… • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32hdZaQi4-I • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WpD2Cspn6g
And a few definitions… • 1. Pitch—place of the voice on the musical scale (we just heard extreme examples) • 2. Quality—timbre: what makes a voice unique • 3. Loudness—power, volume • 4. Pronunciation—choice of vowels or consonant sounds • 5. Rate—The number of words you speak a minute • 6. Articulation—Movements of tongue, lips, teeth or jaws
The resonators! • Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of speech or song is enhanced in timbre (the quality of a musical note or sound) and/or intensity by the air-filled cavities through which it passes on its way to the outside air. • Time for a “Timbre experiment” • Resonation functions--amplification, enrichment, enlargement, improvement, intensification, and prolongation; • the end result of resonation is, or should be, to make a better sound.
Resonators • There are seven areas that may be listed as possible vocal resonators. In sequence from the lowest within the body to the highest, these areas are the chest, the tracheal tree, the larynx itself, the pharynx, the oral cavity, the nasal cavity, and the sinuses
The lips and tongue… • And other ARTICULATORS • Definition--any vocal organ that takes part in the production of a speech sound. Such organs are of two types: those that can move, such as the tongue, lips, etc. (active articulators), and those that remain fixed, such as the teeth, the hard palate, etc. (passive articulators)
What do they do? • Let’s try with a vocal exercise… • Buh buh buh • Tuh tuh tuh • Duh Duh Duh • Kuh Kuh Kuh • E E E • Ah Ah Ah • Ooh Ooh Ooh • Uh Uh Uh
Where did the sounds come from? • For Buh Buh Buh—The lips pressed together (bilabial) • Tuh Tuh Tuh--the tongue touching the ridge between the top front teeth and the hard palate • Duh Duh Duh—same as “Tuh” • Kuh Kuh Kuh--the tongue is in contact with the lower side of the velum
The benefits of a distinctive voice… • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QPMvj_xejg
Let’s try it out… • I read a children’s book before, now it’s your turn. • Use and modulate your voice to communicate enthusiasm to the audience!