War Photography By: Kayla Incollingo & Chloe Crane-Leroux
War Photographers • Roger Fenton • Mathew Brady • Alexander Gardner • James Nachtwey
Roger Fenton Roger Fenton was born March 28 1819 in Bury, England. And died August 8 1869. He was one of the first war photographers in the world. In 1840. Fenton graduated at University College London with a “first class” Bachelor of Arts Degree. Later on, Fenton visited the Great Exhibition in 1851 and was impressed by the photography on display there. He got really interested in photography and its whole process. By 1852, he had photographs exhibited everywhere.
In 1855 Fenton was sent to the Crimean War as the first official war photographer. • Due to the size and weight of his photographic equipment, Fenton was limited in his choice of motifs. • In recognition of the importance of his photography, Fenton's photos of the Crimean war were included in the Lifecollection, 100 Photographs that Changed the World.
Photo featured in Life Magazine for being one of the 100 Photographs that Changed the World
Mathew Brady Brady is mostly known for being an American civil war photographer. He was born in warren country, New York, USA. Brady studied painting, in 1839. Traveled to Albany, New York then to New York city. Brady’s teacher Samuel F.B Morse met Louis Jacques Daguerre on a trip and when returned, Morse opened a studio and offered classes to study in daguerreotype photography, Brady was one of the first people to join. A couple of years later in 1844, Brady had opened his own photography studio in New York. He also had opened another studio in Washington D.C in 1849.
Most of Brady’s photos were daguerreotypes, but soon after moved towards ambrotype photography, which lead to the albumen print. Albumen prints were mostly used for American Civil War photography. Soon after, Brady was soon taken after the idea of documenting the war itself, he had asked for permission to travel to battles sites. He got permission From president Lincoln, but he was told that it was all under his own expense.
Brady was known for bringing his own photographic studio right onto the battlefields. Throughout the dangers, financial risk and no encouragement, Brady had quoted saying “I had to go. A spirit in my feet said ‘GO’ and I went.” Brady had been in a couple of close calls, that he barely got enough images after awhile. Therefore; Brady needed to higher assistants. Assistants were; Alexander Gardner, Timothy O’Sullivan, William Pywell, George N. Barnard, Thomas C. Roche and 17 other men. All were given a traveling darkroom and were off to photograph scenes from the Civil War.
Then on, Mathew Brady had many exhibitions one of them being “The Dead of Antietam” Brady’s exhibition helped Americans see what really goes on. Brady’s photography is known for being an eye opener. He was 74 years old when he had passed away…
Alexander Gardner Gardner was a Scottish photographer who emigrated to the united states in 1858. Gardner is best known for his work of photography of the American Civil War. Gardner would emigrate time to time. He would buy and sell land repeatedly. Gardner visited The Great Exhibition in 1851 in Hyde park, London. Which was the photography of Mathew Brady.
After seeing the exhibition, Gardner’s interest for photography was indescribable. He was interested in the subject. Gardner had initiated contact with Brady and went to work for him later during that year, 1856. continuing until 1862. Gardner’s job at first was to make the imperial large photographic prints but Brady’s eye sight began to fail therefore; Gardner took more responsibility. In 1858, Brady had put Gardner in charge of his gallery in Washington D,C.
James Nachtwey James Nachtwey was born March 14th, 1948 in Syracuse, New York. He grew up in Massachusetts, where he studied Art History and Political Science at Darmouth College. After his studies, he started working as a newspaper photographer in 1976 at the Albuquerque Journal. In 1981, he moved to New York and began working as a freelance photographer. A year later, Nachtwey covered his first overseas project in Northern Ireland illustrating civil strife.
He has since then documented a variety of armed conflicts and social issues. • He has been injured many times throughout his adventures. • Nachtwey received many prestigious awards and honors.
"Every minute I was there, I wanted to flee. I did not want to see this. Would I cut and run, or would I deal with the responsibility of being there with a camera" (James Nachtwey)
Links • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_photography • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Gardner_(photographer) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathew_Brady • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Nachtwey#Photography • http://www.jamesnachtwey.com/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Fenton