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Hydroponics. Lee Mandell 7/26/2009. Hydroponics [f. hydro (water) + Gr. πουος (work)]

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  1. Hydroponics Lee Mandell 7/26/2009

  2. Hydroponics [f. hydro (water) + Gr. πουος (work)] The process of growing plants without soil, in beds of sand, gravel, or similar supporting material flooded with nutrient solutions. Hence hydro{sm}ponic a., hydro{sm}ponically adv.; hydro{sm}ponicist, one who practises hydroponics; hydro{sm}ponicum, the building or garden in which hydroponics is practised. 1937 W. F. GERICKE in Science 12 Feb. 178/1 ‘Hydroponics’, which was suggested by Dr. W. A. Setchell, of the University of California, appears to convey the desired meaning better than any of a number of words considered. Many thanks to the OED

  3. The hanging gardens of Babylon

  4. The floating gardens of the Aztecs

  5. A Very Abbreviated History • 1860 – Sachs and Knop • Nutriculture (today called water culture) • Nutrient Solutions • 1925 -1935 – The greenhouse industry starts • Soil turned out to be a headache • 1930’s – W.F. Gericke at U.C. Berkley • Experimented with large scale nutriculture • Coined the word Hydroponics • 1970’s – Things start to take off • Plastics • High oil prices, root pathogens and pests slow progress • 1990-present – Things really start to take off • NASA, growing in Arid climates, urban farming, vertical farming …

  6. Methods Passive Flood and Drain (ebb and flow) Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Deep water/Raft culture Drip Feeding Aeroponics Aquaponics

  7. Passive

  8. Flood and drain (ebb and flow)

  9. Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)

  10. Deep water/Raft culture

  11. Drip Feeding

  12. Aeroponics

  13. Aquaponics

  14. Nutrients Macro Nutrients • Nitrogen - (N) is primary to foliage plant growth. • Phosphorus - (P) Phosphorus helps build strong roots and is vital for flower and seed production. • Potassium (K) - Potassium increases chlorophyll in foliage and helps regulate stomata openings so plants make better use of light and air Secondary Nutrients • Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca) Trace Elements • Sulphur (S), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mg), Zinc (Z), Copper (C), Boron (B), Molybdenum (Mn)

  15. Electronical Connectivity (EC) and PH Electronical Connectivity measures the amount of disolvedsalts in the nutrient solution. pH is measured on a scale of 1-14 with 7 being "neutral". Acids are lower than 7 and alkalis (bases) are above 7.

  16. Boswyck Farms www.boswyckfarms.org lee@boswyckfarms.org 617-666-8486 Call or email for farm visits

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