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Roadmap to a crime free WEEE trade and circular economy The French experience PowerPoint Presentation
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Roadmap to a crime free WEEE trade and circular economy The French experience

Roadmap to a crime free WEEE trade and circular economy The French experience

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Roadmap to a crime free WEEE trade and circular economy The French experience

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  1. Roadmap to a crime free WEEE trade and circular economy The French experience Countering WEEE Illegal Trade Project final conference Lyon, 26 June 2015

  2. Fight against illegal sites and activities: what’s at stake 2

  3. Local environmental issues Risk management, impacts on air / soil / water, wastetreatment • International environmental issues Illegal exports to countries withless binding requirementsaroundenvironmentalprotection • Economicissues • Unfaircompetitionhampering the development of legal installations and networks • Strongdemandfromprofessionalfederations 3

  4. Fight against illegal sites and activities : a strong commitment by the French government 4

  5. Environmental Conference (September 2013) : set up an interministerial cell to exchange on practices, and to coordinate and strengthen actions Ministries of Environment, Industry, Interior, Justice ; Customs ; Police services ; OCLAESP (Central service fighting against infringements on environment and public health), OCLDI (Central service fighting against itinerant crime) • Strategic program 2014-2017 for local environmental inspection forces (DREAL) Enforce synergies of action with police and gendarmerie, in particular to fight illegal activities Quantified objective to visit at least 300 sites suspected to be illegal each year • Bill of energy transition for the green growth « The fight against illegal waste sorting and treatment sites as well as associated activities, in particular Illegal exports, are intensified » 5

  6. Fight against illegal sites and activities : main actions 6

  7. Reinforcement of the regulations : upstream : collect more in legal networks • EPR schemes : higher collection rates required from PROs (producer responsibility organisations) (NB : In France, collective PROs are non-profit private companies, set up and governed by producers themselves and approved by the Government for periods up to 6 years) WEEE PROs are directly in charge of waste treatment and have direct relations with treatment operators • Obligation to organize specific collection events in dense urban centers (which have less permanent collecting points : idea = avoid dumping on the pavement) • Obligation to develop new channels of collection (especially with scrap metal dealer which need to be professionalized) 7

  8. Reinforcement of the regulations : downstream: pressure on illegal networks • Ban on cash payment for metal waste Very relevant but have to be generalized in other member States to be more efficient • Minimum requirements for shipments (annex VI WEEE directive) to distinguish used EEE from WEEE • Regulatory requirement for treatment operators (including sorting) to set up a contract with PROs Will also contribute to professionalization of treatment operators 8

  9. Improvement of Government organization • Joint organization of interministerial control operations at the local level Maximize the action of public authorities by integrating all the points of irregularity (environmental, fiscal, illegal work, etc.) Committees under the joint authority of the Préfets and the prosecutors : synergies between administrative and penal actions • Creation of a centralized national unit (17 people) to implement the shipments of waste regulation From 1st January 2016 (at the moment : in each local unit) Better efficiency in instruction and control (in association with customs) An opportunity to improve our national strategic vision on control activities 9

  10. Control operations on illegal waste treatment sites • 2012 – 2014 : national mobilization on ELV illegal treatment sites Joint actions of environmental inspection services and police services with the support of OCLAESP More than 1260 inspections, identification of 500 illegal sites, removal of 225 sites Action which allowed to reinforce the cooperation between the services of and to develop a frame for effective control • 2015 – 2016 : extension to WEEE illegal treatment sites (interministerial note of April 2015) Organized through local interministerial committees (integrating all irregularity points – environmental, fiscal, illegal work, etc.) 10

  11. Key points • Harmonizedregulation Minimum requirements for shipments Ban on cash payment … • Actions of each country “get to the root of the problem” : when waste crosses the border : it’s already almost too late … 11

  12. Thank you for your attention