Industrialization Unit 9
I can identify major eras and events in U.S. history such as the Industrial Revolution.
Warm-Up: Monday • Use your device or text book to define: • Industry • Industrialization • Manufacturing • Urban • Sectionalism • Agriculture • Agrarian
Industry - • Making money by using machines and factories.
Industrialization - • Development of industry on a BIG scale (i.e. cities, regions and countries)
Manufacturing - • The making of goods by man or machinery (i.e. cars, weapons, planes)
Urban - • Relating to a city or town.
Sectionalism - • Loyalty to a region (i.e. South, North)
Agriculture - • Practice of farming
Agrarian - • Relating to farmers or their way of life
Map Rubric: • Color the Northern States Blue • Color the Southern States Gray • Identify the manufacturing states with ///// marks • Identify the agricultural states with --------
Answers to word scramble • Factory system • Population shift to cities • Inventions • Expansion of slavery • Slave rebellion • Reform movement • immigration
Warm-up: Tuesday • You have 10 minutes to complete the sectionalism map from yesterday. • I will be checking it in 10 minutes. • Make sure you title it SECTIONALISM.
I can Analyze the causes and effects of economic differences between the North and South.
Textile - • Cloth that is made into clothes
Question to think about… • Look at your Sectionalism Map. • What do you think the South provided to the North?
South: Raw Materials North: Textile (finished good)
Economic Differences between the North & South • North – manufacturing and industry • South – agriculture (supplied North with raw materials.)
I can analyze the causes and effects of economic differences between the North and South. • Why do you think manufacturing developed in the North? • How did this affect the North?
I can analyze the causes and effects of economic differences between the North and South. • Why do you think agriculture developed in the South? • What did this lead to?
I can analyze the causes and effects of economic differences between the North and South. • North • Cause – industrialization led to new jobs • Effect – urbanization and growth of cities • South • Cause – warm climate & fertile soil • Effect – plantations and slavery
Industrial Revolution Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhL5DCizj5c&feature=share&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9
Warm-up: Thursday • Use each of the following word phrases in a sentence that explains industrialization and urbanization. (5 sentences total) • Plentiful Natural Resources • Improved Transportation • Growing Population • New Inventions • Investment Capital (money you put into a company)
Capital – • Money (Ex. Investment Capital – Money you invest in a business
I can • Explain the relationship between urbanization and conflict.
After watching the video, make a list of conflicts that resulted from urbanization. (list 5) Urbanization – dealing with cities and towns • http://youtu.be/aAWIZFqE6L4
Conflicts resulting from immigration: • Discrimination (race, religion or social class) • Poverty • non-english speakers • Strict immigration policies(laws)
Problems from urbanization: • Overcrowding of cities • Crime • Fire • diseases
Warm-up: Friday (unscramble)Title you paper: These things changed during the Industrial Revolution • _gri_u_ _ure • M_ _ufa_tur_n_ • Mi_in_ • _ r_ nsp_r_atio_ • Te_ _nol_g_
I can Explain the reasons for the increase in factories and urbanization.
Popcorn read the article provided and answer the following questions. • What did the British blockade of the coast lead America to do? • Did the American cotton industry decrease or increase during the War of 1812? • So, what was the overall economic effect of the War of 1812?
Economic Effects of the War of 1812 • The war had produced certain important changes in the industrial relations of America. The embargo had annihilated commerce for several years before the war, and this had been continued by the subsequent blockade, these influences causing an abnormal scarcity of goods of foreign production. Many such articles were obtained wholly from abroad, and these grew very scarce and dear. Others, such as sugar, woolens, pottery, glassware, hardware, and cutlery, were produced partly at home, and were less severely affected; while the staples of home production - cotton, tobacco, and food-products - fell very low in price. Yet strenuous efforts were made to overcome the scarcity of foreign goods by home manufacture, and the interests of industrial production in America gained an important impetus. Numerous manufacturing establishments were founded, particularly in the Northern States, and that process of rendering the United States industrially independent of Europe, which had made some progress against severe discouragements in the colonies and in the early years of the republic, now progressed with encouraging rapidity.
War of 1812 Effects on the Economy of the U.S. • Cotton industry developed in the south (raw material) • Manufacturing increased in the north (finished good) • U.S. became industrially independent of Britain • INDUSTRY INCREASED!!!
The American System • http://youtu.be/T00Cfukgi7E • What parts were to be included in the American System? • What parts were approved by Congress in the end?
Warm- up: Monday (use word bank on board)Title: Increase in Urbanization (write everything in your journal!!) • Industrialization = _______ in cities • 35% of Americans lived in _______ areas, mostly in the ________ region of the country. • Increase of ________, ________ in transportation and building of _________, led to ___________ in cities.
Word bank: write these on the board for slide 37 • migration • growth • northern • jobs • house • urban • improvements
Why did urbanization increase? • Ask yourself why cities grew during the Industrial Revolution? • During the Industrial Revolution which region of the U.S. was most populated?
Free enterprise - • The right tochoose who you trade with. • The right to choose what you make. • The right to choose what you charge for your good. • KEY WORD!!! CHOICE
I can describe the characteristics of the free enterprise system during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Laissez-faire - • The belief that the government should not interfere in the economy OTHER THAN to protect private property rights and maintain peace. • HANDS OFF GOVERNMENT
Entrepreneurship - • People who risk their CAPITAL (money) to organize or run a business.
Warm-up: • Review notes from yesterday. • Quiz in 5 minutes.
4 questions to ask yourself if you are starting a business • What to produce? • Howto produce it? • How many to produce? • Who to produce it for?
4 things you need for a free enterprise • Private property • Voluntary exchange • Profit motive • Supply and demand
As an entrepreneur you have to ask yourself…. • What am I going to produce? Think of things that would help you decide what you would produce.
As an entrepreneur you have to ask yourself…. • How do I produce my good? What things would you consider?
As an entrepreneur you have to ask yourself…. • How many do I produce???? What are things to consider?