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False Memory PowerPoint Presentation
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False Memory

False Memory

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False Memory

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Presentation Transcript

  1. False Memory This activity demonstrates people’s capacity to form a false memory. We do not recall exact copies of past events. Rather, we construct our memories. Acknowledgements: This demonstration was written by Martin Bolt, Calvin College

  2. Memory and Recall • Memory can be assessed in different ways. Measures of recall test our ability to retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test. Measures of recognition assess whether we can identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test.

  3. People typically recallfewer correct words than they recognize. • Recognition tasks reveal that we remember more than we recall.

  4. Memory Involves Encoding -> Process of placing in memory • Information held in your • pre-conscious mind Storage -> Retrieval -> Bringing information to the conscious mind Recognition Recall

  5. The Memory Process Information Iconic Echoic Eidetic Sensory Register

  6. Short Term Memory STM Discard Long Term Memory LTM Factual/Declarative/Explicit - Semantic-memory of meanings, understandings—general knowledge - Episodic-autobiographical (times, places, emotions) Procedural

  7. Primacy , Recency, and Interference We remember the first (primacy) and the last (recency)

  8. Long Term Memory • Visualization • Mnemonics • Chunking • Multi-sensory • Elaborate

  9. Memory isn’t all it seems

  10. Memory Issues • Mind Decay • Disease • Interference • Chemicals • Context dependent • Physical Trauma • Severe Mental Trauma

  11. Normal Brain

  12. Alzheimer Brain—There is no one place wherememories are stored

  13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRW-m_8nZzw • Repressed memory case • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhZjxkaCkzk • 20/20 on false memory • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsXoVYDL_gs&feature=related • 20/20 pt 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmkiMlvLKto • Clive wearing history • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lu9UY8Zqg-Q&feature=related • Clive pt 2

  14. 3 Storehouses of memory What is the duration & capacity of each? Duration = time held Capacity = amount held 3 control processes of memory (mediating the flow of information)