Hidden Disabilities Presented by Anita Moore
Test Your Knowledge • Let’s test your disabilities. • Take 5-10 minutes to complete this puzzle.
Test Your KnowledgeAnswers • 9 5 1 • 7 11 8 • 2 4 12 • 6 3 10
Goal of Workshop • Achieve a better understanding of the impact of hidden disabilities • Improve interactions with students who have hidden disabilities • Increase awareness of possible accommodations and assistive technology • Learn effective strategies for teaching • Learn how to make course materials more accessible
What are hidden disabilities? • Any disability that can’t be seen with the naked eye. • Examples: learning disabilities, ADHD, mental illness, epilepsy, cancer, arthritis, traumatic brain injury, AIDS and asthma
What is it like to have a hidden disability? • Read Robyn’s story • Discussion Questions: • Do you have any students that are similar to Robyn? • What have you found to be the best way to help students like Robyn? • What has been the biggest challenge in working with students with hidden disabilities?
Hidden Disabilities at Heartland • Students registered with DSS in FY 05 • 56% had Learning Disabilities • 14% had ADD/ADHD • 9% had Psychological Disorders
Students with Learning Disabilities • Definitions/Range of Disabilities • Impact of Learning Disabilities • Limitations Imposed by Learning Disabilities • Overcoming Limitations
Learning Disabilities Defined • Neurological Disabilities that may alter an individual’s ability to store, process, retrieve or produce information (Thornton, 2000). • Manifested by significant difficulties in listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or math. • No one type of learning disability. There is no specific profile to describe a person with a learning disability.
Types of Learning Disabilities • Dyslexia: affects a student’s reading skills and development. • Dysgraphia: affects a students ability to write • Dyscalculia: affects a student’s ability to perform math calculations • Information Processing Disabilities: affects a student’s ability to assign meaning to sensory information of all kinds (auditory, visual)
Impact of Learning Disabilities • The impact of a learning disability varies according to: • Severity of the disability • Educational setting • Use of Assistive Technology
Limitations imposed by learning disabilities • Difficulty reading text • Spelling difficulties • Poor handwriting • Problems involving a written document • Difficulties expressing ideas on paper • Poor mental math ability • Poor math processing ability (e.g., addition, subtraction) • Difficulty seeing a specific image
Environments Where Learning Disability Can Be Seen • Home • Classroom • Work
Overcoming These Limitations • Instruction • Assessment • Assistive Technology
Instruction 1st: Consider the limitations that the disability imposes 2nd: With the student, brainstorm ways to help the student overcome his/her limitation. 3rd: Implement the strategies/accommodations that are likely to lead to success for the student 4th: Periodically, review the effectiveness of this strategy/accommodation with the student. 5th Revise as necessary
Tips to Keep in Mind for Instruction • Allow students to record lectures on tape. • If you are using the blackboard or other visual aids, describe verbally what you are showing the class. • You academic standards or course content should not be modified.
Exams • Discuss plans for modifying testing procedures prior to the first exam • Remember that the use of adaptive equipment or an alternate format takes time • Determine which format will work best for the student
Assistive Technology • Digital formats • Word Processors • Spell Checkers/Grammar Checkers • Proofreading Software • Outlining/brainstorming software • Speech Recognition Software • Screen Readers • Calculators • Books on Tape and Tape Recorded Lectures • Digital Books