Henry Ford Ford Model-T & The Cycle of Prosperity
Ford Model-T • In 1908, Henry Ford built a car which everyone could afford to buy. • It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive, and was nicknamed “Tin Lizzie” by the American people.
The Ford Model-T • The attraction of the Ford Model-T was that its price never increased. • Costing $1200 in 1909, the price in 1928 was only $295. • By 1929 Ford was producing more than one car per minute.
Mass Production • Ford was able to sell cars at a low cost because they were mass-produced and every part was Standardized (only one colour and one engine size were available). • By producing a large number of cars on an Assembly Line Ford needed fewer skilled workers, and that cut the cost of salary.
Mass Production In 1913, Ford invented the Assembly Line to speed up production.
Key Quote – Henry Ford • «A customer can have any colour he likes for his car as long as it's black.» How would this have helped to cut production costs?
‘… each man and each machine do only one thing ... the thing is to keep everything in motion and take the work to the man, not the man to the work’ Henry Ford1925 Assembly Lines The way an assembly line works is: a car frame is put on a conveyer belt and each person puts one piece on every car that comes down the line.
More jobs are created in other industries. Car Industry Mass productions & Standardization lead to increased car sales. More Standardized parts are needed The Cycle of Prosperity! Jobs in Diners, Motels & Gas Stations. Steel More oil is used Rubber Leather More people with jobs means that they can afford to buy a car! Glass More roads are built
Aerial view of the Rouge Plant in 1930 In 1929, there were 81 000 men working in this factory.
Henry FordJuly 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947 • Henry Ford was definitely a great inventor and made a huge effect on our world. Just imagine what our world would be like without cars! • Henry Ford also made an effect on our lives by creating the assembly line. His assembly line helped bring down prices which helped people because cars were cheaper. • His idea was used in other factories and also helped the prices of other items go down.""Another great thing he did for society was to create jobs for people. It took lots of people to build a car and they were well paid, which helped their families live better lives."
Let’s Roll Away! Instructions • Answer the questions on page 3 of your Student Booklet • Pair up to discuss and to compare your answers. You will be evaluated for Competency 1 here so let’s speak English Teacher:press PAUSE!!
ROLL AWAY ! Question 1 : • When did Henry Ford make his first Model-T? Question 2: • What was its selling price? (before the assembly line) In 1908 1 200 $
ROLL AWAY ! Question 3 : • How many Model-T cars were built? One per minute Question 4 : • When did Henry Ford start the assembly line? In 1913 Ford invented the idea of using an Assembly Line to speed up production. Question 5 : • Why did Henry Ford start the assembly line?
ALMOST THERE ! Question 6 : • How does an assembly line work? A car frame is put on a conveyer belt and as the car moves, each person adds a part. Question 7 : • What are some things Henry Ford did that helped society? He invented the assembly line which helped lower the prices, he created jobs, he made cars more accessible.
HERE, WE ARE ! Question 8 : • How can we use Henry Ford's idea in our lives? If wework together, we can get the job done more quickly.