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  1. Andhra Pradesh - Past to Present

  2. Brief History • Development & Prosperity - Facts & Figures • Water Sharing • Education & Employment • Law & Order • Importance of Hyderabad • Recommendations of Sri Krishna Committee ORGANIZATION

  3. Andhra Pradesh with 23 Districts

  4. Area, Population and Other Particulars of AP

  5. Hyderabad State in 1950

  6. Formation of Andhra Pradesh State • The present state of AP was formed on 1st November 1956 • Andhra Rastram was formed on 1st October 1953 comprising of the present Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions and three talukas of Ballari district. • Capital was Kurnool. High court in Guntur. First CM PrakasamPantulu • Hyderabad state comprising of the present Telangana region, + Some districts (Aurangabad, Nanded, Osmanabad etc.) of Bombay state who speak Marathi + Some districts (Gulbarga, Raichur, Bidar etc.) of Mysore state who speak Kannada • Till 1948 Sept. Hyderabad state was under the Nizam rule. On 17th Sept. the state was forcibly brought under the control of India by a military action. Till Dec. 1949 it was under the control of military. • In 1950 M A Vellodi, ICS was made as CM. In 1952 elections were held and Burgula Ramakrishna Rao became the first CM • The SRC (States Reorganization Commission) was constituted in 1956 by the Govt. of India with an intention of re-organizing the states on the basis of language the people speak.

  7. Formation of Andhra Pradesh State (contd.) • Recommendations of SRC • Districts of Gulbarga, Raichur and the taluks under the district of Bellari should be combined with Mysore state • Districts of Nanded, Aurangabad and Osmanabad should be merged with Bombay state • Remaining part of Hyderabad state can be combined with Andhra Rastram to formulate a Visalandhra • This merger can be done after the 1961 elections giving a time frame of 5 years for the merger • But the merger of Hyderabad state was done in 1956 itself, when people and elected representatives of Hyd. expressed a strong desire and eagerness for a merger

  8. Paper clipping of Visalandra (7.3.1956)

  9. Paper clipping of Visalandra (29.10.1955)

  10. Statement of the CM of Hyderabad state

  11. Is Telangana betrayed by the Regions of Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema • Facts & Figures

  12. AP Region Wise Revenue Collection for 2012-13 (Rs. In Crores) The Hindu August 7th 2013

  13. Employment & Salary

  14. Per Capita Income (2007- 08)

  15. Sales Tax in Crores

  16. Sales Tax Received – Region wise

  17. Direct Foreign Investment( 1991 to 2010 )

  18. BACKWARD REGION GRANT FUND

  19. BACKWARD REGIONS

  20. People Possessing Vehicles (%)

  21. Land used for Cultivation(in Million Hectares)

  22. Irrigation Intensity (% of water supplied through Dams & Canals)

  23. Consumption of Electricity in Kw

  24. Deprivation Index ‘T’ without Hyd

  25. Education & Employment Spread of Higher Education in different regions before Independence Coastal Andhra • A college at Machilipatnam established by Church Missionary Society in • 1864 • Junior College at Rajahmundhry that was made a degree college in 1877 • Hindu College (presently known as the A.V.N. College) at Visakhapatnam 1878 • Andhra Christian College, Guntur in 1885 • PR College of Kakinada before 1910 • Hindu College, Guntur in 1930 • SRR & CVR College at Vijayawada • Andhra University was established at Visakhapatnam in 1926, where the Arts College was started in 1931

  26. Rayalaseema • Theosophical college in Madanapalli was established by Annie Besant in1915. • Government Arts College was established at Ananthapur in 1916. Telangana • Nizam College was established in Hyderabad in 1887 and was affiliated to Madras University. • Osmania University was established in 1918. • There was only one intermediate college outside of Hyderabad, which existed at Warangal town.

  27. Educational Institutions By 2009

  28. Educational institutes of National / International reputation established in Telangana….. • IITH • IIITH • NITW • ISB • HCU • NIMS • NALSAR

  29. Per capita Grant as Calculated by Various Political Groups -University Annual Per capita (Rs.) Andhra University 35500 Nagarjuna University 22700 Sri Venkateswara University 37500 Sri Krishna Devaraya University 25000 Osmania University 17400 Kakatiya University 14000 Source: Memorandum submitted by TRS and other groups

  30. Fact…. Telangana (OU & KU)- Rs.47814 Coastal Andhra (AU & NU)- Rs.47147 Rayalaseem (SVU & SKU)- Rs.44696

  31. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Growth

  32. It is a fact that most of the economic and developmental parameters show that Telangana (excluding Hyderabad) is either on par with or a shade lower than coastal Andhra; but once Hyderabad is included, the situation in Telangana is far better. Additionally, the rate of growth of most of the parameters of development has shown robust growth in Telangana. Coastal Andhra has natural advantages and a long history of development in agriculture, but it is the Telangana region which has shown commendable growth in agriculture during the past three-four decades. Thus, on the whole, it would appear that the deprived region is Rayalaseema not Telangana. (p.160 of SKC report)

  33. Hyderabad……. Crux of the Issue

  34. Partial list of Universities, Institutions and Research Centres in Hyderabad……. • University of Hyderabad • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) • National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) • Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA) • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) • National Institute of Sorgum (NIS) • National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) • National Institute of Non Conventional Energy (NARM) • Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) • National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)

  35. National Institute on Small Industries Training & Education (NISIT) National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) Defence Metallurgical Research Labs (DMRL) Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) National Institute of Biogas Management (NIBM) National Institute of Forensic Science and Centre for DNA and Finger Printing Institute (NIFC) Indian Institute of Health and Family Welfare (IIHF) Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH) Central Institute of English and Foreign languages (CIEFL)

  36. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (IARI) Institute of Public Enterprise Institute of Genetics and Hospital for genetic diseases Administrative Staff College of India Indian Statistical Institute (Andhra Pradesh Branch)

  37. Important Establishments after 1956 (After formation of Andhra Pradesh) in theState capital Hyderabad and its surroundings • Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) • Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) • Head Quarters of South Central Railway • India Government Mint, Hyderabad • MishraDhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI) • National Mineral Development Corporation Limited (NMDC) • National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) • Nuclear Fuel Complex • Praga Tools Limited • Press Information Bureau (PIB), Hyderabad

  38. Railway Recruitment Board, Secunderabad • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL) • Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) • South Central Railway • Sponge Iron India Limited (SIIL) • Ordinance Factory • ASL • PD & AD • RCI,Imarat

  39. BHEL • HAL • ICRISAT • HMT • Bharat Electricals limited • DMRL • DRDL • DLRL • CPDL • IDPL • International Airport

  40. Important Establishments after 1956 in Coastal Andhra & Rayalaseema region • Commissionerate of Central Excise and Customs • Customs House • Dredging Corporation of India • Hindustan Shipyard Limited • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information • Services (INCOIS) • ONGC • Steel Plant • Visakhapatnam Port Trust (VPT) • Tobacco Board

  41. Hyderabad…Hub of Industries & Employment • IT Exports in 2009 – Rs. 32,500 crore (15% of India / 98% of AP) • 5th Largest (after B’lore, Mumbai, NCR & Chennai) • Rs.13000 crore surplus income • Manufacturing Industry • Construction Industry • Modern Services • Public Services

  42. Revenue Share from Property Transfers: Total amount in 2009 = Rs.3343 Cr

  43. Recommendations of Sri Krishna Committee about Hyderabad There is a large concentration of economic activity, employment generation and markets in the district/urban agglomeration of Hyderabad and it has a share of 8 % in the total GDP (constant prices) of AP. The share of urban agglomeration-Hyderabad is expected to be much higher. Therefore, it is important to keep the city/district/urban agglomeration of Hyderabad accessible to people and businesses from any of the regions of AP or for that matter from any part of India and abroad.

  44. (i) Maintain status quo (ii) Bifurcation of the State into Seemandhra and Telangana; with Hyderabad as a Union Territory and the two states developing their own capitals in due course. (iii) Bifurcation of State into RayalaTelangana and coastal Andhra regions with Hyderabad being an integral part of RayalaTelangana. (iv) Bifurcation of AndhraPradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory. (v) Bifurcation of the State into Telangana and Seemandhra as per existing boundaries with Hyderabad as the capital of TelanganaandSeemandhra to have a new capital

  45. The Best Option Suggested by Srikrishna Committee….. “Keeping the State united by simultaneously providing certain definite Constitutional/Statutory measures for socio-economic development and political empowerment of Telangana region –creation of a statutorily empowered Telangana Regional Council.”