ARGUMENTS FOR MIGRATION ARGUMENTS FOR MIGRATION
Great Migration Bellwork • What are three effects/impacts of the Great Migration? • Made more money, North became segregated, created more of a Black identity/Art, Created cities within cities
Objective • WWBAT: Introduce the Harlem Renaissance and the development of Black Nationalism • WWBAT: Watch and discuss Blackish episode “The Word”
Interactive Notebook Setup • 4/10/2018 • Harlem Renaissance Introduction • This will be one page
Background Literature Jazz Visual Arts
Background • Of the almost 750,000 African Americans who moved North, nearly 175,000 moved to Harlem. • Harlem is a section of Manhattan, which covers three square miles; therefore, Harlem became the largest concentration of black people in the world as a result of the Great Migration.
Background • Started with literature • Works of talented black writers promoted through leading African American magazines, such as The Crisis and Opportunity • Common themes among these writers were racial pride, what it is to be black in America and resistance to prejudice • Used traditional stories, folk lore, language to help promote black identity
Literature • Poet/Writer Langston Hughes was an early leader • Produced poems, plays, and novels focusing on black life and culture; believed that black writers should express their “individual dark-skinned selves without fear or shame.” • Works used African American slang and musical rhythms and expressed the joy, suffering, and pride of being a black American
Literature • Zora Neale Hurston • Major contributor to the new literary movement in Harlem • Hurston’s writing influenced by folklore, or traditional stories, sayings, and other art forms • 1935 of Mules and Men, a collection gathered during FL study • Hurston wrote plays, novels, and short stories; most famous novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, about a young black woman in the early 1900s still feeling the legacy of slavery and discrimination • Other female writers emerged
JAZZ • Late 1920s, Harlem was the hotspot for a new form of music called jazz • Jazz originated from New Orleans fusion of Creole, French, African, and slave music • Moved to Chicago approx. 1910 • Moved to NYC/Harlem approx 1919 • First called “jass” in music reviews • Created by and for Black Americans • Black art form that celebrated by White folks
JAZZ • Let’s look into some examples of Harlem Renaissance Jazz • Billie Holiday-Strange Fruit • Chick Webb-Stompin’ at the Savoy • Duke Ellington- East St. Louis Toodle-Oo
Visual Art • Black Artists • Black painters, sculptors, photographers, and filmmakers contributed to the creative energy in Harlem during the 1920s and 1930s • Artists united by a desire to create art that expressed the history and experiences of African Americans • Painter Aaron Douglas was among the leading artists of the Harlem Renaissance • Tended to focus on realistic portrayals of life and incorporated African images
Harlem Renaissance Bellwork • What event helped lead to the development of the Harlem Renaissance? • Great Migration • What art form first developed during the Harlem Renaissance? • Literature • What themes did the Harlem Renaissance focus on? • Black pride & challenges to racial prejudice
“America” by Claude McKay, 1921 Although she feeds me bread of bitterness,And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth,Stealing my breath of life, I will confessI love this cultured hell that tests my youth.Her vigor flows like tides into my blood,Giving me strength erect against her hate,Her bigness sweeps my being like a flood.Yet, as a rebel fronts a king in state,I stand within her walls with not a shredOf terror, malice, not a word of jeer.Darkly I gaze into the days ahead,And see her might and granite wonders there,Beneath the touch of Time’s unerring hand,Like priceless treasures sinking in the sand.
ASPIRATION BY AARON DOUGLAS