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Social Patterns of African Plains Zebras

Social Patterns of African Plains Zebras

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Social Patterns of African Plains Zebras

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  1. Social Patterns of African Plains Zebras Seventh Grade Biology

  2. Objectives • Use the Zebra as an example of characteristics one may not expect from wild animals. • Describe a unique behavior from an animal at the zoo, on a show, or a pet at home. • Do these behaviors serve a purpose, ie. protection, attracting a mate, feeding?

  3. As many as 17 zebras (mostly females) are in one herd with one dominant stallion. An hierarchy of dominance is established by the female zebras. Some people would call this hierarchy a “pecking order.” What animal do you think coined this phrase?

  4. The dominant female and her foal run at the head of the herd, the other females follow in order of dominance. The dominant stallion will guard and protect at the back of the herd.

  5. Bachelor Herds • Young male zebras (age 2 -6 years old) leave their parent’s herd and establish Bachelor Herds of 2 to 10. • Bachelor Herd stallions continue to maintain bonds with their paternal stallion.

  6. Reproduction • Males are not reproductively mature until 5 to 6 years old. • Females are mature at 13 to 18 months. • Mature females are “abducted” by a bachelor zebra and leaves her parent herd.

  7. Reproduction Continued • Bachelors may have to battle a female’s father in order to “abduct” her from the family herd. • It is thought that the act of “abducting” a female from the family is a method to prevent inbreeding.

  8. Foaling • A female may foal every year. • Gestation is 361 - 390 days. • Young foals have light brown stripes.

  9. Newborns are 66 - 76 pounds and 33 inches in height. • Zebras can have a life span as long as 22 - 28 years

  10. Fun Facts about Zebras • Mature zebras weigh 500 to 600 pounds. • Zebras recognize each other primarily by sight, secondly by sound and smell. • Zebras can run up to 40 mph.

  11. Click the box below to listen to the ‘barking’ sound that a Zebra makes. Zebra sound Return

  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~kantner/zebras/pictures.html References

  13. Brenda Bills has been interested in equine from a very young age. She has used her horses in assisting a group of home schooled children learn about the Oregon Trail. Brenda and the children rode a covered wagon in pioneer garb to assist in the learning experience. About the Author