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Original Power Point By Chris Reeves

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Original Power Point By Chris Reeves

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  1. Original Power PointBy Chris Reeves Additions to the original By Jack Wheeler Clovis Ca. Email: jack@powerpointstojesus.com

  2. Book of Jeremiah Prepared by Chris Reeves * Winter Quarter 2004

  3. Book of Jeremiah Kings of Judah / Israel - Captivity Prepared by Chris Reeves * Winter Quarter 2004

  4. Chart of the Kings Lesson 29

  5. Kings of Judah and Israel • Judah(approx 697-586) • Hezekiah (Isaiah, Micah, Hosea) • Fits at the end of lesson 28 and the beginning of 29. He is the pivot king that bridges the periods of the divided kingdom and Judah alone • Manasseh(Isaiah) • Amon • Josiah (Zephaniah, Nahum, Jeremiah, Habakkuk) • Jehoahaz(Zephaniah, Jeremiah) • Jehoiakim(Jeremiah) • Jehoiachin (Jeremiah) • Zedekiah(Jeremiah, Ezekiel) Good King Worst King

  6. Hezekiah (Judah) Clock 1029 years 2 Kings 18:1-20:21; 2 Chron 28:27-32:33; Isaiah 36-39 Prophets: Isaiah, Micah, Hosea • In his 14th year, Sennacherib of Assyria came up against all the fenced cities of Judah and took them • Hezekiah prayed for help and God struck the Assyrian host with a plague • Hezekiah became ill and was first told he would die; then his life was extended 15 years(2 Kings 20:1-11) • Emissaries from Babylon came to visit Hezekiah. Showed them the treasures of Jerusalem. Isaiah rebuked him. Predicted that the treasures would be taken to Babylon Enemies: Sennacherib of Assyria, Merodach-Baladan of Babylon

  7. Manasseh (Judah) Clock 1055 years 2 Kings 21:1-18; 2 Chron 32:33-33:20 • Very wicked – Worst King • Built altars and set up image of Asherah in the house of God • Burned his sons in the fire • Dealt in witchcraft and related matters • Worse than the Amorites who were cast out before the Israelites in Joshua’s day • Was taken captive by the king of Assyria and put in prison in Babylon • Repented; prayed to God; and was allowed to come back to Jerusalem Prophet: Isaiah

  8. Amon (Judah) Clock 102 years 2 Kings 21:18-26; 2 Chron 33:21-25 • Wicked like Manasseh • He did not repent • Killed by his own servants

  9. Josiah (Judah) Clock 1031 years 2 Kings 21:26-23:30; 2 Chron 33:25-35:27 Prophets: Zephaniah, Nahum, Jeremiah, Habakkuk Prophetess Huldah: “the destruction of Judah was inevitable; but postponed for Josiah’s sake” • Most likely the BEST king Judah ever had in its history • Judah’s destruction is still declared mainly because of the sins of Manasseh • He purged idols from Judah and Jerusalem and from the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and Naphtali • Gave orders for the temple to be repaired • Workmen found a copy of the law of Moses • Josiah dismayed at the message • Assembled his people; read the law publicly; renewed the covenant with God

  10. Prophets: Zephaniah, Nahum, Jeremiah, Habakkuk Josiah (Judah) Clock 1031 years 2 Kings 21:26-23:30; 2 Chron 33:25-35:27 • Began a campaign to destroy idolatry • Defiled Topeth in the valley of the sons of Hinnom to stop the worship of Molech • Destroyed the high places in Jerusalem that Solomon had built for his heathen wives • Destroyed the shrine to the golden calf at Bethel fulfilling the prophecy of 1 Kings 13:1-3 • He and those of his kingdom observed the greatest Passover since Samuel’s day • He was slain in battle with Pharaoh-Necho at Megiddo Primary Enemy: Assyria was in the process of falling to the Medes and Babylonians Pharaoh-Necho of Egypt

  11. Jehoahaz (Judah) Clock 103 months 2 Kings 23:31-34; 2 Chron 36:1-3 • Very wicked • Son of Josiah – made king by the people • Taken as prisoner to Egypt where he died Prophets: Zephaniah, Jeremiah

  12. Jehoiachim (Judah) Clock 1011 years 2 Kings 23:34-24:6; 2 Chron 36:4-8; Jer 22:18-19; 36:1-32 Prophets: Jeremiah Daniel, chosen to serve in the court of the kings of Babylon • Very wicked • Another son of Josiah – made king by Pharoah-Necho • Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon made Judah his tributary • Jehoiakim was loyal 3 years, then rebelled • Bands of Chaldeans, Arameans, Moabites, and Ammonites came up against Judah • Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem • Took captives and treasures from the city • Daniel was included in this group • Jeremiah predicts a 70 year captivity (25:8-11) Primary Enemy: Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon

  13. Jehoiachin (Judah) Clock 113 months 2 Kings 24:6-16; 25:27-30; 2 Chron 36:8-10; Jer 22:24-30 • Wicked • Son of Jehoiakim • Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem • Jehoiachin and his officials surrendered and went out to the king • He and 10,000 craftsmen of Judah were deported to Babylon • Ezekiel the prophet was taken • Recognized by the Jews as the rightful heir to David’s throne, lineage of Christ • Released from prison and allowed a place of honor among captive kings in Babylon Prophets: Jeremiah Ezekiel, the prophet to the common Jew in Babylonian captivity

  14. Zedekiah (Judah) Clock 1111 years 2 Kings 24:17-25:7; 2 Chron 36:10-23; Jer 34, 37, 52 • Wicked • Another son of Josiah • Made puppet king by Nebuchadnezzar • Rebelled against Babylon – Jerusalem was besieged • Jerusalem fell; the walls were battered into rubble • City was burned; the temple was destroyed • All remaining treasures from temple were taken • Remaining people except the very poorest taken captive • Zedekiah’s sons and officials killed before his eyes. His eyes were put out and he was taken captive Prophet: Jeremiah Jeremiah:“too late to avoid destruction.”

  15. Gedaliah (Judah) Clock 112 months2 Kings 25:22-26; Jer 40:1-44:30 • Not a king • Not of the royal blood line • Appointed as “puppet governor” over the remaining poor in the land • Set up headquarters at Mizpah • Jews who had fled to Moab, Ammon, Edom and other countries came back and harvested abundant crops • The King of Ammon hired Ishmael to murder Gedaliah – and he also killed many others • Remaining Jews fled to Egypt taking Jeremiah with them Judah is fallen!

  16. The Years of the Kings • Israel • Fell to the Assyrians in 721 B.C. • Judah • Fell to the Babylonians in 586 B. C. • Years of the Kings: • United Kingdom 1042 B.C. – 922 B.C.(120) • Divided Kingdom (Israel) 922 B.C. – 721 B.C.(201) • Divided Kingdom (Judah) 922 B.C. – 586 B.C.(336) • Total Years Under the Kings – 456 All dates are approximate

  17. The Captivity Daniel, Ezekiel Clock 11

  18. The Captivity - Clock 11 • Judah has been devastated • God’s chosen people • The great nation God promised to Abraham • The land God gave them as an inheritance • All seems to have come to a tragic end • God’s Condition: “….'You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel." ……Then all the people answered together and said, "All that the LORD has spoken we will do….”(Exodus 19:3-8)

  19. The Captivity – Clock 11 • The generation of Moses’ day was sure they could keep God’s commandments, however: • They built a golden calf within 6 weeks of agreeing to worship no other gods (Exod 19:8; 24:3,7) • The Israelites murmured many, many times • Were warned many times they had to obey God • Deuteronomy sets forth the conditions under which they would be allowed to keep the land • Chapter 28 shows one of the most vivid descriptions of their destruction

  20. The Captivity – Clock 11 • Choices • The word “IF” tells man that he has a “choice” • Israelites had a choice (Deut 30:15-20) • Man today has a choice to make “and to give you who are troubled rest with us when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. These shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power” (2 Thessalonians 1:7-9) • Joshua warned them before his death (Joshua 23-24)

  21. The Captivity – Clock 11 • The Prophets: • When the Israelites served God – He fought for them • When unfaithful – He allowed an enemy to oppress them • Instead of learning lessons as they should have, the conditions worsened in the land • The Lord sent prophet after prophet to warn them of impending doom • The people would not listen • The prophets wrote their messages as proof that God did warn them • Israelites made their own choice to go their own way

  22. The Babylonian Empire - Clock 11

  23. The Captivity – Clock 11 • The prophet Daniel • Was taken captive in the first group (606BC) • Trained to serve in the king’s palace • Given honored positions in the kingdom • Evidence shows that the Jews were allowed to establish prosperous and comfortable colonies along an irrigation canal called the River Chebar • Many Jews longed for the day to return home! • The warning of the prophets had great meaning now • They knew that they must obey God’s law

  24. The Captivity – Clock 11 Nebuchadnezzar • Made Babylon the chief city of the world • Covered 200 square miles • Walls surrounded the city • Some wide enough for chariots to pass on top • Babylonians not as cruel as the Assyrians • Tended to leave all people exactly where they found them as long as they accepted Babylonian rule • Nabonidus was the last actual king • Left Belshazzar in charge in Babylon on the night God’s handwriting on the wall pronounced Babylon’s doom

  25. The Captivity – Clock 11 • EZEKIEL • Was taken in the second group of captives • Lived in a Jewish colony by the banks of the river Chebar in Babylon • In a powerful vision, he was allowed to look upon Jerusalem as only God could see • Ezekiel was greatly moved by this

  26. The Captivity • EZEKIEL • Asked if God was going to destroy the entire remnant of Israel • Was told those set apart as serving God would not be harmed (9:5-9) • The same is true today (Rev 14:13; Jude13-14) • God would be loyal “IF”(1 Kings 9:3-9; James 5:15-16) • The time has come – His plan is on schedule • The promises of God are just as true concerning His punishment as His promises of blessing • (Heb 6:18; 2 Pet 3:9, 14)

  27. The Captivity • Another Promise to Abraham • All nations would be blessed through One who would come through Abraham’s seed (Gen 12:3) • Another prophet raised like Moses (Deut 18:15-22) • A King to reign forever on David’s throne (2 Sam 7:11-16) • God has not forgotten His promise • God could fulfill His plan for the redemption of mankind whether Israel was faithful or not (Esther 4:10-14) • If Israel had served God faithfully He would have blessed them greatly – God has not forgotten them, but they must be punished

  28. The Captivity • God’s Remembrance • Other nations were totally destroyed – never to rise again • God continued to remember the Israelites • Ezekiel’s vision included the promise that the faithful would one day return home • (Ezekiel 9:6; 11:13, 16-21; Amos 9:8-10) • The same is true today: "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.”(Mat 7:21)

  29. The Captivity • Jeremiah’s Prophecy • Never again would there be a king of the royal line reigning in Jerusalem • God would raise up a Righteous Branch to David who would be a King to judge righteously (Jer 22:28-23:6) • Specified the length of time that the kingdom of Judah would be in captivity: “For thus says the LORD: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place.” (Jeremiah 29:10) 606BC - 536BC