Iambic Pentameter • A sound pattern • Kept things moving in the play (like a drum beat) • Made the words & play more interesting • Helped the actors remember their lines (like a song)
Iambic • IAM: one unaccented (or unstressed) syllable with one accented syllable • Each IAM of two syllables is called a foot • It’s like a heartbeat: • ba-bum | ba-bum | ba-bum | ba-bum | ba-bum • I AM | I AM | I AM | I AM | I AM
Pentameter • Penta = 5, Meter = sound • Iambic Pentameter • Five “feet” per line • Ten syllables total per line • he WENT to TOWN toDAY to BUY a CAR • In SOOTH / I KNOW / not WHY / I AM / so SAD
Iambic Pentameter • I saw the goat behind the open fence. • I saw the behind of the hungry goat! • Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind.
~ The Basics of a Sonnet ~ -A Sonnet Contains 14 lines -A Sonnet is Written in Iambic Pentameter -Various Rhyme Schemes – But we are Studying Shakespearean Sonnets!
-Shakespearean Rhyme Scheme- > Understanding the Quatrains of a Sonnet: A B A B C D C D E F E F G G 1st Quatrain: Establishes the subject, main theme, or main metaphor of the sonnet. > 2nd Quatrain: Develops the sonnet’s theme. Extends the metaphor. > 3rd Quatrain: Often contains a turn or twist called a volta, introduced with the word “but.” > 4th Quatrain: Rhymed couplet. Conclusion to the sonnet.
GOAL/OBJECTIVE • Recognize the characteristics of Shakespearean sonnet in writing and verbally. • Compose the first four lines of a Shakespearean sonnet.
Shakespeare and Sonnets • Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets in addition to his plays. • He even added sonnets into his plays. • Romeo and Juliet prologue • When Romeo and Juliet first meet.
What are the characteristics of a Shakespearean sonnet? • 14 lines • 3 quatrains (4 lines each) • 1 couplet (2 lines) • Follows the same rhyme scheme: ABABCDCDEFEFGG • Each line is written in iambic pentameter • Each line consists of 10 syllables. • The syllables are divided into five pairs called iambs. • An iamb= unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
Examples of iambic pentameter? baBOOM/ baBOOM/ baBOOM/ baBOOM/ baBOOM • How many syllables? • Pattern?
Examples of Iambic Pentameter When I / do COUNT/ the CLOCK/ that TELLS/ the TIME When IN/ dis GRACE/ with FOR/ tune AND / men’s EYES • How many syllables per line? • Pattern?
How many syllables per line? • 10 • Pattern • Unstressed stressed
Romeo and Juliet Prologue Two households, both alike in dignity, A In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, BFrom ancient grudge break to new mutiny, AWhere civil blood makes civil hands unclean. BFrom forth the fatal loins of these two foes CA pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life; DWhose misadventured piteous overthrows CDo with their death bury their parents' strife. DThe fearful passage of their death-mark'd love, EAnd the continuance of their parents' rage, FWhich, but their children's end, nought could remove, EIs now the two hours' traffic of our stage; FThe which if you with patient ears attend, GWhat here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. G
Shakespearean Sonnet 1. 14 lines 2. Rhyme scheme: ABABCDCDEFEFGG 3. Iambic pentameter- 10 syllables per line (unstressed stressed)
Romeo and Juliet Prologue • Divide the sonnet into syllables and label its rhyme scheme.
Now you try it!! • Using the rhyme scheme and form of a Shakespearean sonnet, write your own sonnet about new love, lost love, a beautiful day, a terrible day, or anything you wish (as long as it is appropriate). • Use grid to write your sonnet. Use a pencil. • If you cannot come up with a topic, I will assign one.
Example • Topic= Friends
Reflection/Summary • Recognize the characteristics of Shakespearean sonnet in writing and verbally. • Compose the first four lines of a Shakespearean sonnet. • Something that is becoming clear to me about the Shakespearean sonnet…..