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Divided Kingdom -- Part I

Divided Kingdom -- Part I

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Divided Kingdom -- Part I

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  1. Divided Kingdom -- Part I 1 Kings 12:1-14:20, 1 Kings 15:25-22:40, 2 Kings Chapters 2, 4, and 5, Hosea 1-3 and Jonah The Northern Tribes

  2. Narrative Books: 1 Kings 12-22 2 Kings Supplemental Books: 2 Chronicles God’s Family Plan: No further development Where the Action is: Land of Canaan, within the kingdoms of: Israel (North) Capital - Samaria Judah (South) Capital - Jerusalem Time 930-722 BC (or 587 as the next time period begins at different times for Judah and Israel) Timeline Information

  3. Timeline Information • World Power • Assyria • Secular History • First Olympic Games -- 776 BC • Founding of Rome -- 753 BC • Homer writes the “Iliad” and “Odyssey” -- 753 BC

  4. The Kingdom Divides (1 Kings 12:1-14:20) • Rehoboam and Jeroboam • After Solomon dies: • Solomon’s son Rehoboam becomes king • Jeroboam rebels and becomes king in the north (Israel) and leaves Rehoboam in the south (Judah) • The Kingdom Divides (#41 on timeline)

  5. The Kings of Israel (1 Kings 15:25 - 22:40) • Evils in the Northern Kingdom • Poverty • Idolatry (Worship of Baal) • Adultery • Oppression of the poor • Faith is deteriorating

  6. God’s Prophets • Evil gives rise to God’s prophets • Prophet: • Messenger of God • One who can see clearly and criticize the present moment • One who advises and corrects the Kings

  7. The Prophet Elijah and His Miracles • Elijah is called to deal with King Ahab and his wicked wife Jezebel who worships (1 Kings 17) • The Miracles • Predicts a drought – “As the Lord of Israel lives, there shall be neither dew nor rain these years except by my word” • Miracle of meal and oil for the widow • Raising of widow’s son from death

  8. Elijah and Elisha • Elijah (1 Kings 18) • Contest at Carmel (#42) - “How long will you go limping with two different opinions?” • Naboth’s Vineyard – Jezebel arranges the death of Naboth – “And the dogs shall eat Jezebel…” • Elisha, the successor of Elijah • Elijah is taken up to heaven in a fiery chariot • Elisha asks for this… “Let me inherit a double share of your spirit” (2 Kings 2: 9-18) • Elisha’s name means: “God saves” • A miracle worker – similar to Elijah

  9. Amos and Hosea • The prophet Amos – the first writing prophet (p. 1155) • A prophet of God’s justice – “They sell the righteous for silver and the needy for a pair of shoes…” • Amos was an unprepared shepherd that God empowers to preach • The prophet Hosea – a prophet of love and mercy of God (p. 1136) • Marries Gomer, a prostitute • Compares God’s love for Israel as that of a loyal husband for his disloyal wife • Israel’s sin is like adultery…he uses marriage images • “I will betroth you to me forever; in righteousness and justice, in steadfast love and mercy.”

  10. Prophets Sent to the Northern Kingdom • Jonah (#43) • God sends Jonah to the Assyrian capital (Nineveh) • Story of Jonah and the fish • He returns to Nineveh and warns the city to repent, which it does • Jonah’s anger with God is answered with God’s simple statement that he is concerned about all mankind, not just the Jews

  11. Divided Kingdom -- Part II 1 Kings 14:21-15:8, 2 Kings 8:16-24, 2 Chronicles 11:5-12:1, 2 Kings Chapters 8, 11 and 12, 2 Kings 18:1-21:18, Isaiah 22:14-24, Isaiah 5-6, Micah 6:1-8 The Southern Tribes

  12. The Prophet Isaiah • Page 906 • Name means “God is salvation” • He exposes the fall of Judah and Jerusalem • Like the Savior he foretold, Isaiah was tortured and murdered • There are 17 prophecies of Isaiah that are fulfilled by Christ in detail

  13. Isaiah • There are two parts to the book • Part I: God’s justice and judgment • This warns Judah of exile if they do not repent • Part II: God’s mercy and forgiveness • Message of salvation, mercy, and the need for faith and hope • This encourages people who have already suffered the exile to hope

  14. The Inaugural Vision (Is 6: 1-13) • (Notice themes in Mass) • “Holy, holy, holy… earth is full of His glory.” • The burning coal touches his lips • “Whom shall I send? Here I am! Send me!” • Find the echoes of the words of Jesus about people not hearing • Prophecy of the Virgin and Emmanuel • “Ask a sign…a virgin will conceive and bear a son and shall call his name Emmanuel.” (Is 7:14) • Emmanuel = “God with us”

  15. The birth of the Messiah King • Themes of light and darkness • Messianic titles of this child – “Wonderful, counselor, Mighty God, everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” • The reign of the Messiah • “Stump of Jesse” – Jesus will come from what looked like a dead stump of the Jewish people • When Jesus comes there will be universal peace – “The wolf shall dwell with the lamb.” (Christmas card images) • The gifts of the Holy Spirit (p. 921)

  16. The Prophet Micah (p. 1174) • Predicts Jesus will be born in Bethlehem • Bethlehem – “house of bread” • Judah (Southern Kingdom) is deported to Babylon • Israel (Northern Kingdom) is destroyed by Assyria • All because of sin!