NATURE OF MASK • Mask are believe to be used to conceal the wearer’s identity or they can create a new identity • Mask come in many different sizes and shapes • The style of a mask is directly related with the purpose of the mask. • Mask can be used to represent people, gods, animals and demons.
STYLES OF MASK • FINGER MASK: finger masks are carved from wood and may have feathers. They are worn like rings and used for storytelling and dancing
STYLE OF MASK • FULL MASK: Full masks cover the face and are used in pantomimes. They may have movable jaws for different facial expressions.
STYLE OF MASK • HALF MASK: Half masks cover half the face or more, leaving the mouth uncovered for speaking.
STYLE OF MASK • HEADDRESS MASK: These mask rise from a base that rests on the wearer’s head. They feature representations of human or animal heads or figures
STYLE OF MASK • HELMET MASK: These fit over the entire head
STYLE OF MASK • HORIZONTAL PLANK MASK: These mask are worn on top of the head, resemble a bird in flight.
STYLE OF MASK • TOTEM MASK: Are mask that are as high as twenty feet and represents the protection of living things from the spirit.
MASK IN CULTURE • MASK S ARE FOUND IN CULTURES ALL OVER THE WORLD. • PEOPLE USE MASK FOR THE FOLLOWING REASONS: • IN RITUALS AND CEREMONIES • IN HARVEST AND FERTILITY CELEBRATIONS • IN PREPARATION FOR WAR • TO CONTROL THE FORCES OF GOOD AND EVIL
MASK IN CULTURE • Masked performances were used as a medium to pass on old traditions and heritage to the younger generations. • These performances taught the importance of social, religious and moral values.
CULTURAL MASK GROUPINGS • KINDS • RITUAL • USES • These mask are believed to have supernatural powers that allow the wearers to change into animals. The wearer is able to seek advice from the ancestors in the spirit world.
CULTURAL MASK GROUPING • CEREMONIAL • These are similar to ritual mask but have some special forms and details showing gods, ancestors spirits, mythological beings, etc.
Cultural mask groupings • RELIGIOUS • FESTIVAL • These mask increase religious belief or devotion to a god and guard against evil spirits. • These mask are used in storytelling, folk events, harvest festivals, etc.
Cultural mask groupings • THEATRICAL • DEATH • These mask are used in dramatic performances • These assure the dead a safe journey through the underworld to a place where their spirits can help the living.
Ceremonial and ritual • More relaxed • A set of actions performed for their actual meaning • A celebration of life, the gods and goddesses, events and nature • Rigid • A set of actions performed for their symbolic meaning • Marks extraordinary times in one’s life, like Rites of Passage, • Preserves religious and cultural beliefs and family tradition passed down from generation to generation CEREMONY RITUAL
Ceremonial and ritual • Reassures people by promoting healing, abundant crops and fertility through: • Rainmaking; • Communication with spirits; • Initit; CEREMONIAL RITUAL