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Overview of the Impact of Galileo Open Services on new Transport Solutions

Overview of the Impact of Galileo Open Services on new Transport Solutions

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Overview of the Impact of Galileo Open Services on new Transport Solutions

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  1. Overview of the Impact of Galileo Open Services on new Transport Solutions Nick Williams Denarius-Professional Royal Institute of Navigation 12 February 2009

  2. Review of 3 Typical GSA/FP7 Projects • OPTI-TRANS: Real –Time integrated Journey Planning for Pedestrians • GSW: Speed warning ISA Solution • GINA: Road Pricing Demonstration

  3. OPTI_TRANS OPTIMISED TRANSPORTATION

  4. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • OPTI-TRANS Concept

  5. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • Drivers for OPTI-TRANS • Travel information systems are becoming mainstream • Gap exists for integrated location-based approach • Real-time information not available • Multi-modal public transport not always integrated • No integration between public/private transport • Lack of location accuracy, availability, integrity -> to be solved by Galileo • Increasing number of mobile handsets with GNSS capabilities • Greenhouse emissions in Europe need to be reduced by 20% (compared to 1990 levels) by the year 2020

  6. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • OPTI-TRANS Objectives • Provide Innovative Multi-modal Personal • Support LBS as key technology for implementing transport policies • Promote the standardisation of interfaces to Public Transport Authority DBs • Demonstrate significant mass market potential for • Conduct market surveys and develop business models

  7. OPTI-TRANS Consortium OPTI-TRANS TRIAL

  8. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • A: LICENCE PLATFORM MODEL TRANSPORT AUTHORITY BUS TRAIN METRO PRIVATE BUS CAR SHARE TAXI OPTI-TRANS PLATFORM TELECOM • Transport Authority licences OPTI-TRANS platform and provides services

  9. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • B: SERVICE MODEL TRANSPORT AUTHORITY ‘B’ BUS TRAIN METRO TRANSPORT AUTHORITY ‘A’ BUS TRAIN METRO PRIVATE BUS CAR SHARE TAXI OPTI-TRANS SERVICE TELECOM • An OPTI-TRANS service provider offers the solution as a service

  10. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • C: THIRD PARTY SERVICE MODEL TRANSPORT AUTHORITY BUS TRAIN METRO PRIVATE BUS CAR SHARE TAXI OPTI-TRANS SERVICE TELECOM • An OPTI-TRANS service provider is contracted by the Transport Authority to provide services

  11. URBAN BUSES  EMT. TUBE  Metro de Madrid URBAN MADRID CITY METROSUR  Metro de Madrid LIGTH TRAIN Limited companies INTERCITY BUSES RAIL  RENFE INTERURBAN MADRID REGION OPTI-TRANS Consortium • MADRID Transport Challenge TRANSPORT Annual Travelers Demand 1.592 Mill. of travelers

  12. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • MADRID Transport Challenge Public Transport Market in Madrid

  13. OPTI-TRANS Consortium • MADRID Transport Challenge • Population of Madrid: 3.5 mil • Traffic flows in Madrid: > 300,000 vehicles per day • 10% increase in the number of cars per inhabitant (10 yrs) • 80% of all vehicles are privately-owned cars • 37% in centre of Madrid OPTI-TRANS will help reduce traffic flows from private fleets

  14. GSW Galileo Speed Warning GSW

  15. GSW Project Goals • To design and develop a ‘behavioural’ ISA product that can be used by companies/ agencies to reward good driving behaviour • To demonstrate that approaches based on ‘carrots’ rather than ‘sticks’ are interesting commercially • To work with stakeholders in the industry and to get their input into ensuring the product meets industry needs • To raise the profile of ISA as a safety technology • To plan for its commercialisation

  16. Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) ‘ISA technology provides information to the driver or to the car, on the legal speed limit for the road which the car is driving on’ The information can either be used in an advisory, voluntary or mandatory capacity with controlled acceleration above the speed limit; side benefits include improved fuel efficiency

  17. Why ISA is important • In 2001 EC goal of reducing road fatalities by 50% by 2010 at midpoint 18% had been achieved • Inappropriate speed kills; a child hit by a car at 30 km/hr has a 90% chance of survival, this reduces to 30% if the car is doing 50 km/hr • A 1.6 km/ph reduction in average speed in an urban area equates to a 6% reduction in casualties • Focus on speeding does work; Ireland reduced the number of fatalities per million from 338 to 159 in 2006 • ISA research shows that mandatory ISA can reduce fatalities by up to 37% for mandatory (19% for voluntary)

  18. Role of GNSS • GNSS is used to position the vehicle in relation to the speed map – requires high positional accuracy, integrity, and high availability including urban canyons • GNSS used to calculate the velocity of the vehicle Speed of the vehicle Location of the vehicle ISA – links vehicle location to speed limit map checks speed versus speed limit provides warning

  19. ISA challenges • Limitations of current positioning technology; • Adoption; • Limited market adoption to-date • New thinking required… • Mapping; • Accurate and up-to-date speed limit maps are essential • Usability: • How to make ISA technology not a danger to the driver but also has an impact on the driver’s behaviour • Car Manufacturers • Engine performance is the last bastion for the car industry

  20. Product Description • The ‘GSW CARAT (Continuous Assessment of Road ATtitude) COUNTER’ product will enable a counter to register whether the driver is keeping to the speed limit • The counter can be linked to ‘good driving’ schemes run by transport agencies, insurance companies and large organisations

  21. Active in-vehicle safety systems and expected legislation Frost&Sullivan report (2005)

  22. GINA ????? GINA

  23. PROJECT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES • Still obstacles to a large scale take-off of road pricing and other services (PAYD, VAS…) based on the the use of GNSS • GINA addresses adoption of EGNOS (Galileo) in road sector considering technical feasibility on a large scale, economic viability and positive impacts (e.g. in congestion and pollution). • Final objectives • Analysis • Trials: • Dissemination: contribution to adoption of GNSS adoption for Road Pricing

  24. THE GINA PROJECT APPROACH AND INNOVATION • GINA solution capable to be adopted and replicated in other countries • Contemplating regulatory framework and standardization/ interoperability issues • GNSS-only (no specific road infrastructure neededfor charging) • Simple but efficient enforcement mechanism

  25. THE TRIAL • Implementation of a large-scale demonstrator at a national scale (Netherlands) for Road Pricing and • 2 levels: • Exhaustive performance: conclusions regarding performance of EGNOS/Galileo (vs. very accurate references) • End-to-end performance analysis: overall assessment of capabilities of the system from different perspectives

  26. THE TRIAL

  27. Thank You