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Nutrition Facts and Healthy Snacks

Nutrition Facts and Healthy Snacks

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Nutrition Facts and Healthy Snacks

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  1. Nutrition Facts and Healthy Snacks Kimberly Kanechika, RD University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service Nutrition Education for Wellness Program Hawaii Child Care Nutrition Program

  2. Overview • Nutrition for children • Healthy Eating Environment • Appropriate food choices • Choosing “Healthy Snacks” • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Food Guidance System • Food labels • Minimum component snack requirements

  3. Caregivers decide: When to eat What foods to offer Where to eat Children decide: Whether to eat What foods to eat How much to eat Healthy Eating Environment

  4. Appropriate Food Choices • Some foods that may cause choking: • Hot dogs • Whole grapes, Cherries with pits • Raw celery and carrots • Large pieces of fruit with skin • Nuts and seeds • Chunks of meat • Popcorn • Round or hard candy

  5. Appropriate Food ChoicesCommon Food Allergens: • _______ • _______ • _______ • _______ • _______ • _______ • _______ • _______

  6. Appropriate Food ChoicesCommon Food Allergens: • Milk • Egg • Wheat • Soy • Fish (bass, flounder, cod) • Crustacean shellfish (crab, lobster, shrimp) • Tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, pecans) • Peanuts

  7. What is a “Healthy Snack?”

  8. Choosing “Healthy” Snacks • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Food Guidance System • Food labels • Minimum Component Requirements for Snacks

  9. Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Foods to encourage • Milk • Fruits & vegetables • Whole grains • Choose nutrient-dense foods & beverages • Moderate solid fat & added sugars • Choose foods low in saturated fat & cholesterol and sodium

  10. Child Care Meal PatternMinimum Component Requirements

  11. Nutrients Protein Calcium Potassium Some B-vitamins Fortified with Vitamin D + Vitamin A Health Benefits Build and maintain bone mass Healthy teeth Foods to encourage - Milk

  12. Choose nutrient-dense milk Nonfat 1% Whole 2%

  13. Moderate total fat & limit saturated fat Whole -150 calories -8 g total fat -5 g saturated fat Reduced-Fat or 2% -120 calories -5 g total fat -3 g saturated fat Low-fat or 1% -110 calories -2.5 g total fat -1.5 g saturated fat Nonfat -90 calories -0 g total fat -0 g saturated fat

  14. Label Reading: Nutrient Content Claims

  15. Child Care Meal PatternMinimum Component Requirements

  16. Foods to encourage - Fruits & Vegetables • Try many different kinds, colors and forms • Fresh • Frozen • Canned • Dried • *Limit juices

  17. Nutrients Dietary fiber Vitamin A, C, K Folate Potassium Health Benefits Maintain regularity May help prevent certain chronic diseases Helps keep our eyes, skin, blood healthy Healthy immune system Foods to encourage - Fruits & Vegetables

  18. Pineapple A Ingredients: Pineapple, clarified pineapple juice, sugar Serving size: 2 slices (117 grams) Total Carb: 23 grams Sugars: 21 grams Packed in:__________ Pineapple B Ingredients: Pineapple, pineapple juice, water & clarified pineapple juice concentrate Serving size: ½ cup (122 grams) Total Carb: 15 grams Sugars: 13 grams Packed in:__________ Choose nutrient-densefruits & vegetables– Example heavy syrup 100% juice

  19. Moderate sugars • Names for added sugars that may appear on food labels

  20. Child Care Meal PatternMinimum Component Requirements

  21. Whole grains naturally contain: Dietary Fiber B-Vitamins Minerals, like Iron, Magnesium Bran Endosperm Germ Foods to encourage - a variety of grains, especially whole grains

  22. Foods to encourage – Whole Grains • Whole Grain Health Benefits • Help maintain regularity • May help reduce the risk of certain chronic diseases • Help with metabolism • Enriched grains are fortified with: • Folic acid • Thiamin • Riboflavin • Niacin • Iron

  23. White rice Wheat flour Whole oats Corn Tortillas Noodles ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ Identifying whole grains no no yes maybe maybe

  24. Some refined grain ALL whole grain Identifying whole grainsLabel Reading • “Whole” or “Whole-grain” • “100% whole grain” • “___ grams of whole grain” • Fiber content • Whole Grain Council Stamp

  25. Cracker B Baked Snack Crackers “Baked with 100% Whole Grain” Ingredients: Whole grain wheat flour, soybean oil, sugar, cornstarch, corn syrup, salt, high fructose corn syrup, barley malt syrup… Serving size: 16 ea (31 g) Dietary Fiber: 2 grams Cracker A “Crackers with 5 g whole grain…” Ingredients: Enriched flour ( wheat flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), soybean oil, whole grain wheat flour, sugar… Serving size: 16 ea (31 g) Dietary Fiber: 1 gram Choose nutrient-dense crackers

  26. Cereal A “Oven Toasted Corn Cereal” “with Whole Grain” Ingredients: Corn meal, whole grain corn, sugar, corn starch, salt… Serving: 1 cup (31 g) Dietary fiber: 1 gram Cereal B “Oven Toasted Wheat Cereal” “An excellent source of fiber” Ingredients: Whole grain wheat, sugar, salt, calcium carbonate, barley malt extract… Serving: 31 g Dietary fiber: 3 grams Choose nutrient-dense cereal

  27. “Excellent Source of” “High” “Rich In” Contains at least 20% of the daily value to describe proteins, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, or potassium Others include: Lean Extra Lean High potency Good Source of, Contains, Provides More, Added, Extra, Plus Modified Any Fiber Claim Label ReadingOther Nutrient Content Claims

  28. Child Care Meal PatternMinimum Component Requirements

  29. Nutrients Protein B-vitamins Vitamin E Minerals Essential fatty acids Health Benefits Help build and maintain our muscles, bones, skin, blood Help with metabolism Choose nutrient-dense meats & meat alternates

  30. Choose nutrient-dense meat & meat alternates • Lean or Low-fat meats and poultry • Ground meats 90%-lean • Poultry without skin • Moderate processed meats • Enjoy more beans, peas, seeds, nuts, soy • Choose seafood too • Choose yogurt with lower amounts of sugar

  31. Flavored Yogurt A Ingredients: Cultured pasteurized Grade A fat free milk, apricot mango base (high fructose corn syrup, apricots, mangos.. Serving size: 8 oz Calories: 240 Total Carb: 46 g Sugar: 42 g Plain Yogurt B Ingredients: Cultured Grade A nonfat milk, pectin Serving size: 8 oz Calories: 100 Total Carb: 15 g Sugar: 15 g Choose nutrient-dense yogurt

  32. In review • Foods to encourage • Milk • Fruits & vegetables • Whole grains • Choose nutrient-dense foods & beverages • Moderate solid fat & added sugars • Choose foods low in saturated fat & cholesterol and sodium • *Aim for a balance of taste and nutrition

  33. Websites • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • www.cnpp.usda.gov/Dietaryguidelines.htm • ChooseMyPlate • www.choosemyplate.gov/ • Nutrition Facts Label • www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/NFLPM/ucm274593.htm • Whole Grains Council • www.wholegrainscouncil.org/

  34. Questions?

  35. www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/new/hccnp Hawaii Child Care Nutrition Program 1955 East-West Road, #306 Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 hccnp@hawaii.edu Phone: 956-4124 Fax: 956-6457