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The Inferno

The Inferno

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The Inferno

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  1. The Inferno Part 1 of Dante’s Masterpiece: The Divine Comedy

  2. Church is source of Sin • Reduce church control of faith • Interpret the divine with both logic and faith • Independent thought can be positive • Italy is consumed by sin that needs correcting • Pursue solutions to problems Arguments

  3. The framework of arguments Historical Context

  4. Author • Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) • Philosopher, politician, poet • Lived in Florence, Italy • White Guelph = reduction of church power • Exiled by Pope Boniface VIII • Wrote The Divine Comedy in 1315 Dante Alighieri

  5. Literary Devices and Themes Properties of the Poem

  6. Attributes of the Poem • Satire • Irony • Written In Italian • Vivid Imagery • Idioms • Similes/Metaphors • Allegory • Symbolism • Beatrice

  7. Themes • Animal nature of sin • Justice • Guilt • Italian politics • Logic v. Faith

  8. Culture 3 Cultures in One Poem

  9. 2 “Real” Cultures Christianity Pagan Mythical creatures Myths • Biblical References • The culture of the Italy • Readers know the culture

  10. Manufactured Culture: Logic • Belief in a logical order of the divine • Contradicts the church • Individual interaction with faith

  11. Society We The People of Hell

  12. Hell • Absolute rule of God • Law of Hell • Management by guilt

  13. Evidence Supporting Dante Plot and Literary Devices

  14. Start of the Journey • Lost in woods half way through life • Stopped on way to eternal happiness • Symbols of sin: she-wolf, lion, leopard • Symbol of logic: Virgil • Reassurance • Simile Pattern Lost in the woods

  15. River Acheron • Opportunists • Idiom: Fallen Angles • Idiom: Pope Celestine V • Law of Hell • Symbol: Charon • Metaphor: Fainting

  16. 1st Circle: Limbo • Unbaptized good pagans • Eternity without hope • Famous ancients brighter than others • Some ascended into heaven

  17. 2nd Circle: Carnal Sin • Minos • People swept by passion forever caught in the wind • Simile pattern • Lovers tale • Metaphor: Fainting

  18. 3rd Circle: Gluttons • Dirty snow • Cerberus • Swollen and fat souls • Ciacco’s prophecy

  19. 4th Circle: Hoarders and Wasters • Idiom: Plutus • Symbol: souls pushing rocks • Clergy • Symbol: Dame Fortune

  20. 5th Circle: Wrathful and Sullen • Marsh of Styx • Sullen entombed bellow mud • Wrathful tear each other apart • Phlegyas • Metaphor: FilIippoArgenti

  21. 6th Circle: Heretics • Symbol: Gates of Dis • Symbol: Mosques • Symbol: Medusa • Symbol: Heavenly Messenger • Heretics • FarinataDegliUberti • Pope Anastasius

  22. 7th Circle: Violence Part 1: Violence Against Neighbors • Symbol: River of boiling blood • Ancient conquers • Centaurs

  23. 7th Circle: Violence Part 2: Violence Against Self • Forest of suicides • Metaphor: Accidental pain • Harpies • Metaphor: speaking through blood • Dogs

  24. 7th Circle: Violence Part 3: Violence Against God Part 1: Blasphemy • Symbol: desert of fire • Symbol: rain of fire • Blasphemers • Symbol: Old Man of Crete

  25. 7th Circle Part 3: Violence Against God Part 2: Violence Against Nature • Sodomites • Symbol: Brunetto Latino • Running Off

  26. 7th Circle Part 3: Violence Against God Part 3: Violence Against Art • Usury • Coat of Arms • Geryon

  27. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 1: Panderers and Seducers • Goaded by demons to run in endless circle • Symbol: demons • Symbol: horns • VenedicoCacciamico • Jason

  28. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 2: False Flatters • False flatters forever domed to wallow in boiling human excrement • AlessioInterminelli • Thais

  29. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 3: Simonacs • Symbol: Simonacs upside down in holes • Symbol: fire burns the soles of the sinners • Symbol: Pope Nicholas III • Prophecy

  30. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 4: Fortune Tellers • Symbol: twisted bodies of sinners • Eyes blinded with tears • Walking backwards • Italian and Greek fortune tellers

  31. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 5: Grafters • Grafters stuck in tar • Demons attack sinners who show themselves • Senator of Lucca • Dante's fear • Symbol: demons • Navarreseman

  32. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 6: Hypocrites • Symbol: lead clothing of the sinners • Idiom: Caiaphas • Jovial friars

  33. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 7: Thieves • Thieves in the dark bitten by snakes • Symbol: snake • Hands tied • Sinners bursting into flames • VanniFucci • Prophecy • Figs • Noble Thieves of Florence

  34. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 8: Evil Counselors • Flames hiding sinners • Symbol: flame • Ulysses and Diomede • Count Guido

  35. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 9: Sowers of Discord Religious Political and Kin Vivid Imagery Those who broke things apart are ripped apart Muhammad and Ali Historical politicians Man who started the Guelph-Ghibelline war Berntrand de Borne

  36. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 10: Falsifiers Division 1: Alchemists • Diseased, immobile, and blind • Idiom: GriffolinoD’arezzo • Idiom: Capocchio

  37. 8thCircle: Fraud Part 10: Falsifiers Division 2: Impersonators • Impersonators running around attacking other sinners • Idiom: Gianni Schicchi • Idiom: Myrrha

  38. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 10: Falsifiers Division 3: Counterfeiters • Idiom: Master Adam • Thirst

  39. 8th Circle: Fraud Part 10: Falsifiers Division 4: Liars • Fevers • Idiom: Potiphar’s Wife • Idiom: Sinon • Adam v. Sinon • Dante’s repentance

  40. Giants • Idiom: Nimrod • Idioms: Ephilaties, Briareus, Tityos, Typhon • Antaeus

  41. 9th Circle: Serious Fraud Part 1: Family • Ice • Caina • Punishment • Alessandro and NapoleoneDegliAlberti

  42. 9th Circle: Serious Fraud Part 2: Country • Antenora • Idiom: Bocca DelgiAbbati • Metaphor: beating Bocca DelgiAbbati • Count Ugolino and Archbishop Ruggieri

  43. 9th Circle: Serious Fraud Part 3: Guests • Ptolomea • Idiom: Friar Alberigo • Idiom: BrancaD’oria • Severity of sin

  44. 9th Circle: Serious Fraud Part 4: Masters • Judecca • Not visible

  45. Satan • Three ugly heads • Trapped in ice • Generates cold winds • Idiom: Judas • Idiom: Brutus • Idiom: Cassius • Metaphor: Embracing Satan

  46. Beating a Dead Horse in a Creative Way Repetition

  47. Repetition of Patterns • Division of hell (Christian culture)  monster/sinner (Greek culture)  punishment (logic culture) • Clergy • Politics • Shock the most people

  48. Structure Great Meaning Applied Subtlety

  49. Fainting in the first third circles of hell (sins of the she-wolf) • Wishing a soul greater punishment • Accidentally hurting a soul in the second third of Hell (sins of the lion) • Purposefully harming a soul in the finally third of Hell (sins of the leopard) • Climbing Lucifer • The more thought involved, the greater the sin • Relates to the progression of humanity Solving Problems

  50. Understanding the severity of sin • Understanding the source of sin • Identifying the people who sin • Correcting sin • Better Future • Hell = Italy, Sin = Problems Inferno Purgatory Paradise Making Progress