The Outsidersby S. E. Hinton Mrs. Cole OMMS
About the Author • Susan Eloise Hinton was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. • She has always enjoyed reading but wasn't satisfied with the literature that was being written for young adults, which influenced her to write novels like The Outsiders.
About the Author • That book, her first novel, was published in 1967 by Viking. Hinton was only 17 years old. • Since her narrator was a boy, Hinton's publishers suggested that she publish under the name of S. E. Hinton; they feared their readers wouldn't respect a "macho" story written by a woman.
Hinton says today, "I don't mind having two identities; in fact, I like keeping the writer part separate in some ways. And since my alter ego is clearly a 15-year-old boy, having an authorial self (pen name) that doesn't suggest a gender is just fine with me."
Once published, The Outsiders gave her a lot of publicity and fame, and also a lot of pressure. S.E. Hinton was becoming known as "The Voice of the Youth" among other titles. This kind of pressure and publicity resulted in a 3 year long writer's block.
Her boyfriend (and now, her husband),who had gotten sick of her being depressed all the time, eventually broke this block. He made her write 2 pages a day if she wanted to go anywhere. This eventually led to publication of That Was Then, This Is Now in 1971.
Hinton’s books include: The Outsiders That was Then, This is Now Rumble FishTexTaming The Star Runner
The Outsiders • Setting: Tulsa, Oklahoma during the 1960s • Point of View: 1st person narrative from Ponyboy’s perspective
Cast of Characters The Greasers vs. The Socs
Greasers Ponyboy Curtis – 14 yr. old protagonist & narrator Darrell Curtis – a.k.a. “Darry;” Ponyboy’s oldest brother Sodapop Curtis – the middle Curtis boy; has good looks & charm
Greasers • Two-Bit Matthews – (Keith) joker of the group • Steve Randle – Soda’s best friend • Dally Winston – the toughest “hood” in the group • Johnny Cade – 16 yrs. old; the heart of the Greasers
Socs • Cherry Valance – Bob’s girlfriend; a cheerleader Ponyboy meets at the movies • Marcia – Cherry’s friend & Randy’s girlfriend • Randy Adderson – Marcia’s boyfriend and Bob’s best friend • Bob Sheldon – Cherry’s boyfriend; beats up Johnny b/f book begins
Supporting Characters • Tim Shepard– leader of another band of greasers • Curly Shepard – Tim’s brother • Jerry Wood – Adult who helps (in a way) Ponyboy & Johnny • Paul Holden – Soc who was Darry’s friend and teammate in high school • Mr. Syme – Ponyboy’s English Teacher
Themes, Motifs, & Symbols Themes • Bridging the Gap Between Rich and Poor • Honor Among the Lawless • The Importance of Friendship • Appearance vs. Reality Remember, themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Themes, Motifs, & Symbols Motifs: recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes. Motifs in The Outsiders: • Literature • Eye Shape & Color • Ponyboy’s Losses of Consciousness
Symbols: Two-Bit’s Switchblade Cars Bob’s Rings Greaser Hair Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. Themes, Motifs, & Symbols