From the police… “One day, my partner and I were walking down the street when we saw a young man skateboard past us. I looked at my partner and told him that I could almost guarantee that the man has drugs on him. From what I have seen in my career, a man in his mid-twenties riding a skateboard…he has drugs on him.”
What did the police assume about the skatboarder?... • He probably doesn’t have a car • He probably doesn’t have a good job, or any job • Probably not married • Probably doesn’t have a college degree • Spends lots of time on the street
Police Profiling Is it acceptable to Profile? Is it effective to Profile? Is it legal to Profile?
Police Profiling Profiling Vs. Racial Profiling Profiling: Making a summary based on a formal summary or analysis of data Racial Profiling: Making assumptions based solely on a person’s race.
Profiling (Topics) • Age • Gender • Income • Religion • Education • Race
Age • Young people have more energy… committing violent crimes can require serious physical exertion. • The younger you are…the “more stupider” you are. Younger people find it more difficult to resist temptation. As a result are more likely to seek quick thrills and gratification without weighing the risks or consequences. • 3. Older people have more to lose and more responsibilities. - According to the FBI, people under 18 years of age are far more likely to commit violent crimes. Why?
Gender In 2007, 75% of all people arrested were… MEN! Men commit: • 82% of all violent crime • 56% of all fraud • 60% of all theft Why? Biologists and Psychologists surmise that men are naturally more aggressive.
Income FBI does not keep statistics concerning income of criminals…only average income of WHERE crimes are committed. • Police spend more time in poor areas, resulting in more arrests. • Lower income areas have more drugs, drugs normally lead to more crime. • Poorer areas result in more unemployment, meaning people have more time to commit crime.
Religion • In general, people who have strong religious convictions are far less likely to commit crime. (Hellfire Hypothesis) • FBI Crime statistics show that Jews commit fewer crimes and Catholics commit the most of any religious denomination.
Education In general, the more education a person receive the less likely they are to commit crimes. More education leads to… • Better jobs • Living in better neighborhoods • Less exposure to those who commit crime
Race Though Illegal, should police use racial profiling? • 28% of all arrests in the United States were of African Americans • African American are only 12% of the Population What does this statistic suggest?
Race Do police focus more on minorities? Is it because more minorities live in the inner city? Is racism ingrained in our justice and legal systems? 68% of minority births were by single parents 25% of white births were by single parents (what does this statistic suggest?)