Abraham Maslow April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970
“The Father of Humanistic Psychology” Known as the “Third Force” of Psychology, Humanistic Psychology is the theory that every person has a strong desire to reach their full potential, which is also referred to as “Self-Actualization.” Can you name the other two “Forces” of psychology?
Hierarchy of Needs • The Hierarchy of Needs is the theory that healthy human beings have Basic needs (Physiological and Safety) that must be met before Psychological (Social and Esteem) and Self-fulfillment needs may be met.
Physiological • Air, Food, Water • Shelter & Clothing Teacher Application- Ensure all students have received daily meals and water. Students should have access to proper clothing and shelter. • Safety • Physical • Security • Financial Teacher Application- Safety should be a priority for every student. If there are signs of possible abuse, neglect or harassment at home, adults must report it to the proper authorities.
Social • Belongingness • Love & Intimate Relationships • Friends and Family Teacher Application- Children have a need to feel love and affection and they must be able to express it to other students, teachers and families. Relationships must be created and nurtured to feel a sense of belonging. Teachers can encourage this by creating trusting relationships with their students by hand shakes, compliments, and involvement in the students’ lives. • Esteem • Self-respect and respect of others • Self-confidence and value Teacher Application- Teachers need to ensure that students’ ideals are valued and respected. Positive reinforcement can build one’s esteem. Bullying is a way that students’ may lose their sense of self-value.