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Safe Lifting Techniques to Prevent Injury PowerPoint Presentation
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Safe Lifting Techniques to Prevent Injury

Safe Lifting Techniques to Prevent Injury

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Safe Lifting Techniques to Prevent Injury

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    1. Title slide that begins the lesson. Gives title/name of the lesson, and title/name of the safety training course.Title slide that begins the lesson. Gives title/name of the lesson, and title/name of the safety training course.

    2. Back Injuries The 2nd most common workplace problem. Over one million employee back injuries annually. One out of every five workplace injuries & illnesses. 25% of all compensation indemnity claims. Average back injury costs $11,645 in medical claims & lost time wages. Largest source of pain & discomfort. Dramatic (negative) change in productivity & lifestyle. Most back injuries can be prevented.

    3. Back Injuries 4/5 are to the lower back 3/4 occur while lifting Reduce risk by incorporating Effective control program(s) Ergonomic analysis Design of work tasks Mechanical assistance

    5. Controls to Prevent Back Injury Engineering Controls Management Controls Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE)

    6. Engineering Controls Engineering controls are used to redesign the workstation to minimize lifting hazards.

    7. Management Controls Management controls include carefully selecting and training workers so that they can perform their jobs safely, and the implementation of safety rules, training programs, enforcement, etc.

    8. Management Controls Management controls include: Strength testing of existing workers can prevent up to 1/3 of all work-related injuries by discouraging the assignment of workers to jobs that exceed their strength capacities. Physical conditioning or stretching programs to reduce the risk of muscle strain. Training employees to utilize lifting techniques that place minimum stress on the lower back.

    9. How to Lift Safely Before lifting, take a moment to think about what you're about to do. Examine the object for sharp corners, slippery spots or other potential hazards. Know your limit and don't try to exceed it. Ask for help if needed, or if possible, divide the load to make it lighter. Know where you are going to set the item down Make sure the location and your path are free of obstructions. Then follow these steps:

    10. Step 1: Lift Safely Stand close to the load with your feet spread apart about shoulder width with one foot slightly in front of the other for balance

    11. Step 2: Lift Safely Squat down bending at the knees (not your waist). Tuck your chin while keeping your back as vertical as possible.

    12. Step 3: Lift Safely Get a firm grasp of the object before beginning the lift.

    13. Step 4: Safe Lifting Begin slowly lifting with your LEGS by straightening them. Never twist your body during this step. Do not twist knees, elbows, shoulders, ankles, etc.

    14. Step 5: Safe Lifting Once the lift is complete, keep the object as close to the body as possible. As the load's center of gravity moves away from the body, there is a dramatic increase in stress to the lumbar region of the back.

    15. Step 6: Safe Lifting If you must turn while carrying the load, turn using your feet - not your torso. To place the object below the level of your waist, follow the same procedures in reverse order. Remember, keep your back as vertical as possible and bend at the knees.

    18. Conclusion Using proper lifting techniques can help prevent downtime due to avoidable back injuries. With a little practice, precautionary methods such as these can become good daily habits that could help prevent back injuries-both on and off the job.

    19. Remember No approach will completely eliminate back injuries. However, a substantial portion can be prevented by incorporating effective management controls and engineering controls.

    20. 8 Tips for Safe Lifting 1. Stand close to the load and center yourself over it with your feet shoulder width apart 2. Tighten your abdominal muscles 3. Keeping your back straight, bend your knees and squat down to the floor 4. Get a good grasp on the load with both hands

    21. 8 Tips for Safe Lifting 5. Keeping the load close to your body use your leg muscles to stand up lifting the load off the floor 6. Your back should remain straight throughout lifting, using only the muscles in the legs to lift the load

    22. 8 Tips for Safe Lifting 7. Do not twist your body when moving the load. Instead take small steps with your feet turning until you are in the correct position 8. Again bend at the knees using only your leg muscles and place the load in the appropriate spot

    27. The correct position is a balanced stance with the feet about a shoulder-width apart. One foot can be behind the object and the other next to it. Squat down to lift the object and keep the heels off the floor. Get the object as close to the body as possible. Never lift with the fingers. Use the palms to get a secure grip on the load. Before lifting, make sure the grip is secure.

    28. Lift gradually and smoothly without jerking. Using the legs, abdominal and buttock muscles to lift, keep the load as close to the body. The chin should be tucked in to keep a relatively straight back and neckline. Holding the lifted object in the standing position, change directions by pointing the feet towards the desired area and turn the whole body. Avoid twisting at the waist while carrying a load. To put down a load, use the same guidelines in reverse.

    29. When performing heavy and/or repetitive lifting tasks, take it slowly if possible. Recovery time between lifts should be allowed to prevent overstressing. Remember! Dont overdo it Get assistance when needed. Use material handling equipment (MHE) whenever it is available.

    30. Avoid lifting when possible. Spare your back the stress and strain of lifting and bending. Raise or lower shelves. Between the shoulders and waist is the best zone for lifting. Heavier and/or frequently used objects go on shelves at waist level and lower or lighter shelves contain lighter and/or less used objects. Do not store or place objects on the floor. Items that require moving or storing should be placed on a cart, table, or other elevated surface instead of the floor. This eliminates repetitive bending and reduces the risk of injury during the lift.

    31. Carts, hand trucks, and dollies should be used to move objects rather than carrying them. When using a cart, remember to push, not pull. Cranes, hoists, lift tables, and other lift assist devices should be used whenever possible. If an employee must manually lift an object, there are ways to reduce the amount of pressure placed on the back. Lift gradually and smoothly without jerking. Bending the knees and using the legs, abdominal and buttock muscles to lift keeps the spine in better alignment. Keep the load as close to the body. The chin should be tucked in to keep a relatively straight back and neckline.

    32. Keep the load light. When moving multiple items, one extremely heavy load places the worker at a higher risk for injury than moving several small loads. Use handles and lifting straps for better gripping of objects. Always get help when lifting objects weighing more than 40 lbs and/or has a bulky or awkward shape

    34. The back is comprised of vertebrae, discs, nerves and muscles. Vertebrae, which numbers 33, are cylindrical bones stacked vertically together. They enclose the spinal cord and are separated by discs to form the spine or vertebral column. The spines basic functions include providing support and flexibility to allow bending and rotating of the torso and protecting the spinal cord. When normally aligned, the spine forms a the cervical, thoracic lumbar curves. Maintaining these natural curves keeps the spine in balance. Healthy discs, which are dense fibrous pads, lie between each vertebrae. Each disc contains a jelly-like center surrounded by rings of tough fibrous tissue. These discs act as shock absorbers during activities such as sitting, standing, walking, lifting, etc.

    35. Nerves are a collection of fibers, which carry electrical impulses throughout the body. The spinal cord stretches the length of the spine through the vertebral column. Smaller nerves branch out between the vertebras to carry messages around the body. Muscles, which provide support and contract to produce movement, are tissues in the body. Ligaments, bands of fibrous tissue that connect the bones or cartilage together, support and strengthen joints. Tendons, which attach muscle to bone, are fibrous cords of connective tissue.

    36. The leading risk factors for back injury include the following: (1) poor posture; (2) poor physical condition; (3) improper body mechanics; and (4) incorrect lifting.

    37. Tips for a Healthy Back People working in jobs that require high energy and repetitive lifting should take measures to condition their backs for injury prevention. Take time to stretch your muscles before starting a task. This will reduce the risk of painful strains and sprains. Take it slowly if the work requires repetitive lifting to moving of heavy and/or awkward objects. Allow more recovery time between lifts. Dont overdo it. Take frequent, short (micro) breaks. Stretch. Dont use break time to smoke and stand in static positions. Sleep on a firm mattress. The best sleeping position for many people is either on the back with the knees slightly elevated (by a pillow) or on the side with the knees slightly bent. Strengthen the stomach muscles, lose a little weight (if overweight), and increase the bodys flexibility. A good conditioning program will go a long way in reducing the risk of injuries associated with lifting, carrying, and pushing/pulling tasks.

    38. Prepared by:

    39. This is the standard ending message slide and is always second (2nd) from the end.This is the standard ending message slide and is always second (2nd) from the end.

    40. This is the last slide in the lesson, and re-states the name/title of the lesson and the name/title of the safety training course.This is the last slide in the lesson, and re-states the name/title of the lesson and the name/title of the safety training course.