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Lifting Techniques

Lifting Techniques

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Lifting Techniques

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  1. Lifting Techniques

  2. Basic rules of good lifting Size up the load before you lift Bend your knees Center yourself over the load 1a

  3. Basic rules of good lifting Get a good hand hold Lift straight up - let your legs do the work Don’t twist or turn 1b

  4. Basic rules of good lifting Have a clear path Set the load down properly Always push a cart or dolly 1c

  5. Basic rules of good lifting Get help for long loads Split up heavy loads when you can 1d

  6. If back pain occurs You may have a serious problem if: resting a few days doesn’t help you have a feeling of numbness in your lower limbs 2a

  7. For on-the-job relief: get up a stretch if you sit for long periods shift your feet if you stand avoid leaning to one side if you stand If back pain occurs 2b

  8. Injuries that occur to backs • Strains and sprains • Ruptured or slipped disks • Chronic tension and stress • Other forms of back pain 3a

  9. Injuries that occur to backs • Some injuries require surgery • Some injuries lead to permanent disability • Back injuries can limit activities on and off the job 3b

  10. Correct lifting posture • Bend knees • Center body over the load • Lift straight up 4a

  11. Never twist or turn when lifting • Adds strain to back’s disks, muscles, ligaments, tendons • Plan your lift to avoid awkward positions • Set load down if you’re losing your grip 5a

  12. Never twist or turn when lifting • Don’t twist and turn or juggle load to regain grip • Keep back as straight as possible 5b

  13. Carrying the load • Ensure a clear path • Ensure a place where load can be set down • Check for stability of load • Can you get a good grip? 6a

  14. Carrying the load • Is the load too heavy for one person? • Follow lifting weight restrictions • Test the weight by carefully pushing load, or lifting one corner 6b

  15. Carrying the load • Use mechanical equipment if load is too heavy • Get help if load is too heavy - lift at the same time to keep load balanced 6c

  16. Lowering the load • Bend the knees • Slowly lower it; do not drop the load • Avoid sudden movements 7a

  17. Lowering the load • Bend knees to let leg muscles support the weight • Lower the load at the same time if working with partner 7b

  18. Pushing versus pulling a load • Pushing a load is easier on the back • Pushing a load is easier to control 8a

  19. Plan ahead • Avoid using lower rack for moderately heavy to heavy items, or awkward items • Get help when lifting heavy, awkward, or long items 9a

  20. Plan ahead • Size up the load: • Can it be split into multiple loads? • Smaller loads cause less strain on the back 9b

  21. Plan ahead • Use material handling equipment if load is too heavy • Forklifts • Hoists • Dollies 9c

  22. Other factors in back injuries • Age of employee • Improper postures when sleeping, standing, sitting • Physical condition of employee • Repetitive motions 10a

  23. Summary of main points • Types of injuries • Proper lifting techniques • Other factors in back injuries 11a