Journalism Media Literacy Unit Honors Language and Composition
Some definitions • Gathering and reporting of news through the media • Reporting, writing, editing, photographing, or broadcasting news • Activity of writing for newspapers or magazines or of broadcasting news on radio or television
Role of Journalism • Give fair, accurate and unbiased opinions of the events as they unfold. through investigative reporting or on the scene reporting. • Eyes and ears of the citizens. • Journalist interprets news as it is happening such as a news conference, public event or a court proceeding. • Humor or entertain us: political cartoons, human-interest stories, commentaries, columns.
First Amendment: protected speech • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
History of Journalism • http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/Courses/ResourcesForCourses/JournalismHistory.html
Journalists Code of Ethics • http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp
Ethics • Libel • Slander • Bias • Protecting Sources • Respecting Privacy
Changes in journalism • Trends and statistics • Citizen journalism • Embedded journalists • The Blogosphere • Digital journalism
The demise of the newspaper • Over the past two decades newspaper circulation continues to fall • Why? • Internet is free • Advertising revenues down • Budget cuts • One paper cities, as opposed to 2-3 • Can newspapers survive?
Even The Spoke is reacting • www.stoganews.com
Citizen Journalism • Everyone can be a journalist • Flip cams • Smart phones • Digitalized media • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q_FsY6ksDzk
Embedded Journalism • Used in war situations • News reporters attached to military units • Good or bad? • Positive: view into a world previously not known to public • Negative: military propaganda
The Blogosphere • Instant, raw, unedited and uncensored • Self-publishing • Sometimes shocking • Biased • Free • Credibility questionable; consider the source
Digitalized Journalism • Many news sources are known for their online presence: • Huffington Post • Slate • Traditional to digital: cnn.com, msnbc.com, etc.
Instant News • Twitter • Google Alerts • RSS feeds At what cost?
Other types: Photojournalism • Pictures that tell stories
Photojournalism Pulitzer Prizes for photojournalism: http://www.pulitzer.org/works/2011-Breaking-News-Photography
Other types: documentary • A new form of investigative journalism • Activism • More prominent as journalism since advent of CNN type “snippet” news
Homework • Find an article online about one of the following topics: • Embedded journalists • Blogs and journalism • Citizen journalism • Ethics in journalism • Another media related current event • Be prepared to discuss main points
Homework, Continued • Attach article to a typed document that includes the following: • MLA header • Name of article, source, author, date • A one-two paragraph summary of main ideas • Intended audience (may need to research readership statistics)