Multiple Intelligences Theory • Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory was first published in Howard Gardner’s Book: Frames of Mind (1983) • Initially developed as a contribution to psychology, however Gardner’s theory was soon embraced by education, teaching and training communities.
Linguistic • Description: Understands the relationship between communication and meaning • Typical Roles: Writers , Lawyers, Journalists, Poets, Copy Editors, Radio Personalities • Activities or Tests: Write a set of instructions, speak on a subject, edit a written work • Preferred Learning Style: Words and Language
Logical - Mathematical • Description: detecting patterns, scientific reasoning and deduction, analyze problems, perform mathematical calculations • Typical Roles: Scientists, engineers, computer experts, accountants, statisticians, traders, bankers • Activities or Tests: Assess value, perform mental arithmetic calculation, analyze how a machine works • Preferred Learning Style: numbers and logic
Musical • Description: Musical awareness, appreciation and use of sound • Typical Roles: Producers, party planners, voice coaches, entertainers • Activities or Tests: Interpret musical styling, specify mood music, play a musical instrument • Preferred Learning Style: Music, Sounds Rhythm
Bodily - Kinesthetic • Description: body movement control, manual dexterity, physical agility and balance: eye and body coordination • Typical Roles: dancers, soldiers, fishermen, chefs, gardeners, acupuncturists, fire fighters • Activities or Tests: Juggle, Toss something, demonstrate a sports technique • Preferred Learning Style: physical experience and movement, touch and feel
Spatial - Visual • Description: visual and spatial perception, interpretation of visual images, pictorial imagination and expression • Typical Roles: photographers, artists and sculptors, inventors, cosmetics and beauty consultants • Activities or Tests: Design a costume, interpret a painting, create a room layout, create a corporate logo • Preferred Learning Style: pictures, shapes, images, 3D Space
Interpersonal • Description: Perception of other people’s feelings, ability to relate to others, interpretation of behavior and communications • Typical Roles: Therapists, HR Professionals, mediators, counselors, politicians, teachers • Activities or Tests : Interpret moods from facial expressions, demonstrate feelings through body language • Preferred Learning Style: human contact, communications, cooperation, teamwork
Intrapersonal • Description: Self – Awareness , Personal cognizance, personal objectivity, the capability to understand oneself • Typical Roles: Arguably anyone who is self – aware and involved in the process of changing personal thoughts , beliefs and behavior in relation to their situation • Activities or Tests: Decide options for personal development • Preferred Learning Style: self reflection, self discovery