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BRIEFING 2: PROPOSAL WRITING

BRIEFING 2: PROPOSAL WRITING

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BRIEFING 2: PROPOSAL WRITING

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  1. ERT 423 – FINAL YEAR PROJECT BRIEFING 2:PROPOSAL WRITING Munira Bt Mohamed Nazari School of Bioprocess Engineering Universiti Malaysia Perlis

  2. CONTENTS OF BRIEFING • Introduction • Proposal writing guideline • Presentation guideline • Summary Semester 2012/2013

  3. INTRODUCTION • What is PROPOSAL?? • Progress report for overall project. • Project milestone. • General ideas. • Expected result. Semester 2012/2013

  4. Proposal Contents Semester 2012/2013

  5. PROPOSAL WRITING GUIDELINE

  6. Must have… • Title page • 1 ~ Introduction • 2 ~ Problem statement • 3 ~ Objective • 4 ~ Literature review • 5 ~ Methodology • 6 ~ Gantt chart • 7 ~ Reference CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 Semester 2012/2013

  7. Title Page • UniMAP logo & name • School name • Program name • Semester 1 2011/2012 • Title • Name/IC/Matrix number • Supervisor name • Date submits Semester 2012/2013

  8. Introduction (2 - 3 pages) • Required contents • Background of study • It tells briefly about the introduction of the study with current issues related to study. • Problem statement • Address the problem to be resolved. • Objectives • Stating the purpose of the project carried out. • It lists the goals for study to be conducted. Must write in form of point ( 1.,2.,3.). Semester 2012/2013

  9. Background of Study • The purpose of the Background section is to provide the reader with information that they cannot be expected to know, but which they will need to know in order to fully understand and appreciate the rest of the report. • It should explain why the project is addressing the problem described in the report, indicate an awareness of other work relevant to this problem and show clearly that the problem has not been solved by anyone else. Semester 2012/2013

  10. Your background section should end with a clear statement of the research questions problem your project is trying to answer. • These will reflect the aim of your project, but will be different in that they explain the problem you are attempting to solve. • Example: Project entitle “Nutritional Analysis in Edible Bird Nest” Semester 2012/2013 Explain

  11. EBN • Functions/benefits • Previous data • Percentage of rate/value • Usage • Cultivation area High usage but lack of information on nutritional content Address problem that not been solved yet & statement of the research question Semester 2012/2013

  12. Problem statement • Research study is done to solve a problem. So it is very important to you to explain • What is the problem to be solved? • Why this problem need to be solved? • You need to convince the reader that the problem to be solved, do exist and should be settled. Semester 2012/2013

  13. Goals & Objectives • After explaining the problem statement, then you need to specify what you want to do to solve the problem. • Goals - Explaining the end result that we want to achieve. It is written in the form of a general statement. Example: • This project is carried out for design improvement of sugar cane press by determining the current sugar press design specification. • Objectives - States how the goal can be achieved. They are stated to be more focused. • 1) To do a survey of customer need of new sugar can press design. • 2) To generate and evaluate a product concept and to study the suitable design which emphasize on safety and cleanliness. • 3) To develop a prototype of product that is safe and easy to handle by using CAD modeling. Semester 2012/2013

  14. Literature review (3 - 4 pages) • This chapter describes the research carried out by others - related to ongoing projects. • This chapter also describes the techniques / methods / equipment or technology that will be taken in implementing the project / study. • Many references have to be made in this chapter. • References can be taken either from books, conference papers, journal articles, magazines, thesis and / or the internet. • All references must be clearly recorded in the text and specified in the reference list. Semester 2012/2013

  15. Example of citation • During dry period, snail will cover its body in mud and also in water with low oxygen content (C. Wilmol, B.Amaret, 2003). • Sam et al., (1991) demonstrated the possibility to use scanning electron microscopy,…… to ascertain the authenticity of EBN. C.Wilmol, B.Amaret, (2003). Isolation and Characterization of Pathogens Attacking PomaceaCanalicuta, Journal of Nature, Vol 422, pp.245-256.. Sam, C.T., Tan, P.H & Lim, C.H. (1991) Establishing the Authenticity of Edible Bird’s Nest. ISFM Medicine Scientific Review, pp . Semester 2012/2013

  16. Methodology (2 - 3 pages) • This chapter indicate how the project will be implemented to achieve the objectives. • Content may contain methods, techniques or approaches that will be used during project / study design and implementation. • This chapter also explains the justification for the use of methods or approaches as well as hardware and software requirements. • In this chapter, the expectation results of the project/study need to explain. • This chapter also contains a flowchart, diagram, etc. depending on your project/study. Semester 2012/2013

  17. Example of flowchart Semester 2012/2013

  18. Example of flowchart UPSTREAM PROCESS DOWNSTREAM PROCESS Semester 2012/2013

  19. Example of flowchart Semester 2012/2013

  20. 2 Sampling Bacteria Source 1 Pre - Treatment Testing Using RCM Medium in Serum Bottle Evaluation H2 Potential No Yes Active Inoculum Dark Fermentation Stock Culture • Optimization Studies • Inoculum Development • pH • Characterization of Agriculture Waste • Kinetic Study What type of medium?? Need to explain. Semester 2012/2013

  21. Month Sept Oct Nov Dis Jan Feb March April Literature Review Review of Methodology Submission of proposal Proposal defence Conducting Experiment Analysis of Experiment Submission of Thesis Viva Voce Example of Gantt Chart Activity Semester 2012/2013

  22. Referencing • A term used to refer to the inclusion of detailed information about the source of quotes, ideas, or illustrations you insert into your term paper to avoid plagiarism • Citing an information source used in an academic work means to employ a standardized method of acknowledging that source. • Refer guide book for method of referencing Semester 2012/2013

  23. References Style 1. Book : Author Name(s), Author Sir Name(s), (Year). Title, Edition number, Publisher, Location: Example: Holmlund, C. (1969). Fried, Avionic Navigation Systems, 1st edition, New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. USA 2. Conference Proceedings : Author(s), (Year). Article title, Name of conference, Location of conference, Pages. Example: Dore S.D., and Kershenbaum, L.S. (1994). Application of geometric nonlinear control in the process industries – a case study, Proc. IFAC Symposium, ADCHEM ‘94, Kyoto, Japan, pp 501-506. 3. Journal Paper : Author(s), (Year). Article title, Name of journal , Volume number, Pages. Example : Finkelstein M, (2006). Microfluids: Cliks and Chips, Journal of Nature, Vol 422, pp.245-256. 4. Electronic sources: • Web pages- Author(s) or Company, (Year), Title, URL, date found. Example : Vice President, 1999. University of Calgary Research Policies and Procedures Handbook. http://www.ovpr.uga.edu/rpph/rph_misn.html. Accessed on 23 February 1999. • Graphics from Encarta (or similar) needs to be referenced. Note: Read the FYP referencing guide. Semester 2012/2013

  24. Tenses – General Guidelines “Choose proper tenses” • Introduction – present tense • Literature – past tense • Rest of report/thesis- past tense • Findings – present tense Semester 2012/2013

  25. Report Style • Times New Roman • 12 • 1.5 Spacing • Maximum 12 pages Submit 23/10/12 – 3 PM 4 copies Tape binding Semester 2012/2013

  26. PRESENTATION GUIDELINE

  27. Presentation Style • Microsoft Power Point • Contents • Suggestion max. no of slide = 25 Semester 2012/2013

  28. Presentation Allocation Semester 2012/2013

  29. Attire Semester 2012/2013

  30. SUMMARY • Introduction: Serve as a frame for the rest of the report / thesis • Literature review: What are background, related theories, previous study • Methodology: How did you study the problem? Semester 2012/2013

  31. And finally…. Any questions? Semester 2012/2013