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2012 Advisory Panel Advancing Alternative Fueled Vehicles

2012 Advisory Panel Advancing Alternative Fueled Vehicles

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2012 Advisory Panel Advancing Alternative Fueled Vehicles

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  1. 2012 Advisory PanelAdvancing Alternative Fueled Vehicles Mr. Michael C. Lewis Center for Electromechanics The University of Texas at Austin 12/4/2012

  2. Vehicle Technology is Changing Electronics/Controls IT/Wireless/GPS Batteries Alternative fuels 1965 Ford Mustang GT 2012 Ford Mustang GT Tesla Model S

  3. Advanced Vehicle Research Electric and hybrid vehicles • Rapid on-route charging transit buses • Fuel cell hybrid transit buses Light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles • Hydrogen fuel cell utility vehicles • Hydrogen fuel cell terminal tractor Natural Gas Home Refueling

  4. How we plan to develop this field? • Vision of role CEM can play • Who might our partners be • Near-term steps to achieve the vision • Key challenges • Longer term considerations

  5. CEM’s Role in Vehicle Research Predictive modeling and simulation Prototype vehicle design and testing Advanced technology demonstration and assessment Outreach, Education, and Technology Transfer

  6. Modeling/Simulation Dynamic power systems modeling Quickly evaluate vehicle configurations and routes Customizable components and controllers Avoid build and test approach Proven ability to match vehicle performance and energy consumption within 5-10%

  7. For Example: Long Beach Transit FTA TIGGER award for all-electric bus fleet Implement 10 electric buses for dedicated circulator route CEM’s modeling and simulation was critical to • Formulating the bus RFP • Determining optimal charging scenarios Bottom line is Cost/Mile • CEM modeling is helping LBT determine the best approach for their application

  8. Example: Onboard Range Extender or En-route Rapid Charging? CEM involvement on both fronts – fuel cells and rapid charging CEM vision is to quantify the pros and cons of both approaches and determine the best approach for transit agencies

  9. CEM Strengths/Niche Highbay and machine shop Skilled technicians and expert engineering staff Access to UT professors and students First and only permanent hydrogen fueling station in Texas Dedicated hydrogen vehicle lab

  10. Partners Vehicle manufacturers • Proterra, Capacity of Texas, ZeroKar, Mahindra-Ampere Battery, fuel cell, and storage manufacturers • Hydrogenics, Ballard, Valence Technologies, Vulcore Non-profit agencies • Center for Transportation and the Environment, Gas Technology Institute National laboratories and government agencies • NREL, Argonne, TXRRC, SECO, TCEQ

  11. Vehicle Applications Light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles Autonomous and unmanned vehicles Energy storage and fuel conversion • Batteries, high pressure tanks, compressors, reformers Prime movers and vehicle architecture • Fuel cells, hybrids, motors

  12. Vehicle Challenges Range • Vehicle efficiency • Onboard energy storage Fueling • Time to fuel/recharge • Hydrogen and natural gas availability

  13. Recent ARPA-E Award U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) • Methane Opportunities for Vehicular Energy (MOVE) • Focuses on reducing CNG vehicle barriers • 13 Awards totaling $30 million • CEM awarded $4 million for natural gas compressor development

  14. Natural Gas Resources • Massive increases in the U.S. natural gas reserves over the past decade present an unprecedented opportunity for advancing the economic, national, and environmental security of the nation • Significant technical and economic barriers exist that are limiting widespread adoption of natural gas vehicles Reference: Funding Opportunity No. DE-FOA-0000672 CFDA Number 81.135

  15. Natural Gas Vehicle Barriers Fundamentally barriers arise from natural gas’ low volumetric energy density • Less than 1/3 of gasoline Difficult to store in great quantities Difficult to compress

  16. Ultimate Barrier is Cost • Assuming a 5-year payback at $2.00/GGE • Natural gas systems (storage, compression, etc.) must not exceed $4200 Reference: Funding Opportunity No. DE-FOA-0000672 CFDA Number 81.135

  17. UT’s Project w/ ARPA-E

  18. Near-term Focus ARPA-E project success • Natural Gas Industry and Partners Transit bus demos • Onboard fuel cell or on-route rapid charge? Collaboration with EV-TEC and other university groups Marketing • ARPA-E project website and events • Publish papers

  19. Long-term Outlook Develop relationships with new sponsors and partners • COTA and F1 Further compressor development • Hydrogen and scalability Explore fuel conversion technologies Autonomous Vehicles

  20. Key Challenges Project cost-share • Several recent DOE opportunities were unrealized Private funding sources • Recent and current projects are supported by federal or state funds

  21. Summary Vehicle technology is changing and opportunities for CEM are abundant These opportunities fit well with CEM’s expertise and strengths New partnerships must continue to be developed

  22. Contact Information Mr. Michael C. Lewis Center for Electromechanics The University of Texas at Austin 512.232.5715 mclewis@cem.utexas.edu