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Roles of Women

Roles of Women

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Roles of Women

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  1. Roles of Women Dana Perry

  2. Naming Girls • Males had 3 parts- praenomen, nomen, and cognomen • Females were known by father’s nomen- feminineand genitive cognomen (husband’s or father’s) • Praenomen and agnomen were optional

  3. Girls VS Boys • Girls and boys were taught until 7 • The boys would go to a teacher • Also taught by father (occupational) • Married early • Boys had a coming of age celebration and discarded the red toga • Nothing for girls

  4. Girl’s Education • Girls from poor families didn’t receive an education • Rich families received one at home • Taught how to run a good household • How to be a good wife • Music, sewing, and running a kitchen

  5. Marriage • The boys had to be at least 14 • The girls had to be 12 • Engagement not required • The bride's family might provide slaves, clothing, jewels, furniture • Night before wedding- girl gives her bulla to her father • Wedding dress was a straight tunic

  6. • Most important was the belt in a knot of hercules • Consent had to be shown in public first by holding hands. Consent was shown again during the wedding ceremony, and once again at the door of her new home, before she entered. • Would stand before a priest, hold hands • The bride had to consent to the marriage during the wedding ceremony, this time by saying words of consent in public. • They sat on stools, facing the alter. An offering was made to the god Jupiter, which usually consisted of cake. Once the priest had made the offering, this cake was eaten by the bride and groom.

  7. Household rights • Women took care of the household • No rights • Could not even make a suggestion to husband • Men had complete control over her actions • When Rome became a republic, she could suggest • Under the Empire, it became legal for women to own land, run businesses, free slaves, make wills, inherit wealth, and get a paid job.

  8. Roman Women’s Clothes Tunica- everyday use, normally pale pink or blue Stola- married women , full length tunic Covered with a long cloak to appear more modest Palla- large shawl Palla Tunica and stola

  9. Women’s jewelry and accessories Fibula- a pin Parasol- like an umbrella, popular after the republic All common jewelry was popular fibula Roman ring Roman necklace parasol

  10. Jobs of the woman • Un-married women only, unless helping their husbands • They could be priestesses, midwives, and hair dressers • Evidence of doctors • Most important jobs were for men

  11. Ideal roman woman • The ideal roman woman was not the ideal woman of today • should be: • Beautiful and Rich • Submissive and a Good cleaner Powerful women weren’t uncommon • Ruled through their husbands • Eclipsed those of lower status on record • Men did not like that they were so free

  12. Famous women of Rome Cloelia • For a treaty with Clusium, hostages were taken by Porsena • Cloelia fled the Clusian camp with a group • She fled on horse and swam across the Tiber • Romans returned her • Allowed to free half of the hostages

  13. Famous women of Rome Lucretia SextusTarquinius, son of Lucius TarquiniusSuperbus, wanted Lucretia At night, Sextus entered her bedroom He gave her choices: she could submit to his sexual advances and become his wife and future queen, or he would kill her and one of her slaves She submitted She drew a dagger and stabbed herself in the heart