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THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal

THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal

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THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal

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  1. THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal

  2. Woodrow WilsonNew Freedom

  3. FRANKLIND. ROOSEVELTNEW DEAL • Program to deal with the GREATDEPRESSION • Relief for Needy • Recovery of Economy • Reform - financial

  4. “We have nothing to fear BUT FEAR ITSELF!” FDR 1st Inaugural Address 1933

  5. “December 7, 1941 -- a day that will live in infamy…. FDR calls for a declaration of war

  6. “Fireside Chats”FDR uses radio

  7. HARRY S. TRUMAN – Fair Deal • 1948 Election

  8. 1948 upset winner

  9. JOHN F. KENNEDYNew Frontier    “We stand at the edge of a New Frontier – the frontier of unfulfilled hopes and dreams……..” • nomination speech, 1960

  10. JFK • ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country!  • Inaugural Speech • January 1961

  11. Let the word go forth….. That the torch has been passed to a New Generation of Americans….

  12. Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ)The Great Society • “The Great Society…. demands an end to poverty and racial injustice….” • LBJ * Did more for Civil Rights than previous presidents

  13. #2 Weimar Republic • Multi-party system • Nazis won a plurality of votes • BUT not a majority • NAZI party was more unified than others

  14. #3 Kristallnacht“Night of the Crystal” • First organized attack on Jews • November 9 – 10, 1938

  15. #5 Anschluss • Hitler: born in Austria; Union make him German

  16. #6 Sudetenland • Region included German-speaking population • Munich Pact gives Germany the region in Sept 1938 • By March Germany takes over all of Czechoslovakia

  17. #7 Munich Conference 1938 • Associated with Appeasement • French and British leaders “gave” Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to Hitler • Hoped to achieve peace by appeasing an aggressor like Hitler

  18. #7 Neville Chamberlain • British leader associated with appeasement • Tried to appease Hitler • Allowed Germany to take Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia

  19. “Peace in our time” • “Herr Hitler is reasonable…. • “His word can be trusted

  20. # 8. Blitzkrieg - “Lightning Warfare” • Used to invade & conquer POLAND 1939 – starts WWII Carried out by Panzer or German Tank Divisions

  21. START OF WORLD WAR II – Sept. 1939 • Invasion of Poland by Germany • Blitzkrieg: “Lightning Warfare” • Took only ONE month

  22. #9 GULAG [E. Soviet Union]

  23. #10 Fascism • System of govt. that places the well-being of the country as a wholeABOVE the welfare of individuals

  24. When fasces were good!

  25. 11. COMMUNISM (and socialism)

  26. 12. ISOLATIONISM • U.S. policy – remained out of war until 12-8-41

  27. Shintoism“the way of the gods” • Worship of ancestors • Taught that Japan is a nation of gods • Therefore, Japanese superior to all other nations

  28. 14. Imperialism • Desire to acquire or build a territorial or economic empire

  29. A. Heinrich Himmler Head of the Gestapo, Nazi Secret Police Also head of the SSor schutzstaffel [Nazi Elite Guard] 15. MAJORNAZILEADER

  30. #16. Benito Mussolini – “ILDUCE”

  31. # 17 Francisco Franco

  32. Minister of PROPAGANDA Joseph Goebbels

  33. 19. Since 1923, Hitler had outlined his plans for Germany in his book Mein Kampf • Which means “my struggle”

  34. Luftwaffe (Germany)vs. RAF (Britain) • Battle of Britain

  35. Churchill on RAF • “Never have so many owed so much to so few”

  36. Winston Churchill • Radio Address • “We shall defend our island whatever the costmay be … we shall fight on beaches, landing grounds, in fields, in streets and on the hills. • We shall never surrender…”

  37. Sir Winston Churchill

  38. #21 derFuhrer • LEADER = Adolph Hitler • Called derFührer (The leader)

  39. #22 Gestapo • NAZI • Secret Police

  40. 23. Red Purge or Great Purge • 24. Aggressor • 25. Totalitarian • 26. Propaganda • 27. Appeasement

  41. #28 Winston Churchill • Replaced Chamberlain as • British Prime Minister • Inspirational • Led Britain through low tide of war

  42. #29 Neville Chamberlain • British leader associated with appeasement • Tried to appease Hitler • Allowed Germany to take Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia

  43. Munich Conference 1938 • Associated with Appeasement • French and British leaders “gave” Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to Hitler • Hoped to achieve peace by appeasing an aggressor like Hitler

  44. 30. Bernard Montgomery

  45. 31. Dwight Eisenhower

  46. 32 • FDR –1941 • Harry S. Truman - 1945

  47. #33 NUREMBERG LAWS • Stripped Jews of German citizenship • Severely restricted social interaction with non-Aryans > Marriage > Pre-marital relations > Schools > Public facilities

  48. #35 Mussolini’s Fascist Beliefs • Anti-Democratic • Anti-Communist • Favored Dictatorship • Favored Militarism • Strongly Nationalistic

  49. #34 & #36 Rise of Fascism in Italy • a. 1922 – Benito Mussoliniseizes power after intimidating king with “MARCH on ROME” • b. Mussolini’s armed supporters are known as the BLACK SHIRTS c. With their assistance, Italy becomes totalitarian dictatorship