Download
reu 2013 incubation project n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
REU 2013 Incubation Project PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
REU 2013 Incubation Project

REU 2013 Incubation Project

77 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

REU 2013 Incubation Project

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Effects of Nutrient Deposition on Alpine Lakes REU 2013 Incubation Project Katie HuskAdvisor: Dr. Diane McKnight Presentation: Katie Husk Diane McKnight, Katherina Hell, Rylee Archuleta2013 Environmental REU

  2. Outline • Introduction • Site Description • Project Overview • Methods • Project Shortcomings • Results • Future Considerations

  3. Background • Alpine lakes are important indicators of climate change • Harsh conditions • Small changes in atmospheric composition result in drastic changes in algae types/quantities • Ice out timing/lake temperature • Nutrient deposition from snowmelt

  4. Green Lake 4 • Alpine lake- el 11,700ft • Oligotrophic • Part of Boulder Watershed • 4 mi East of Continental Divide • West of large metropolitan area– Denver, Fort Collins, Colorado Springs • Part of NWT-LTER since 1951 • Studied by INSTAAR since 2000

  5. Regular Sampling- Every Week by INSTAAR • Samples • DOC • DOM • Nutrients • Phytoplankton • Chlorophyll a • Measurements • pH • Conductivity • Light • DO • Temperature • Secchi Depth • Locations • Inlet of Lake • Outlet of Lake • Surface • 3m • 9m

  6. My Project • Incubate phosphorus enriched carboys at 2m to test the effects of nutrient deposition on alpine lakes • Hypothesis: Increased phosphorus deposition will accelerate the growth of algae, which will in turn affect the composition of the lake by adjusting the levels of DO, DOC, DOM pH, etc. as well as contribute to increased nitrogen uptake.

  7. Why This Experiment? • Phytoplankton are phosphorus limited rather than nitrogen limited (Gardner et al., 2008.) • Phosphorus deposition is linked to pollutants such as aerosols and other anthropogenic sources • GL4 not directly influenced by anthropogenic activities • Nutrient deposition could affect quality of water from watershed • DOM-Alkalinity, Taste, Odor, Smell, Bi-products • pH • Lake eutrophication • Could affect how water must be treated in the future

  8. Incubation Methods • Construct Raft • Make NaH2PO4 Solution • 0.1g/250mL • Spike carboys • 2 Controls • 2 1.5umol/L (9mL solution) • 2 3 umol/L (18mL solution) • 2 5 umol/L (30mL solution) • Sample each carboy • Hang carboys on raft to incubate • Sample each carboy when return to lake

  9. Samples Taken • Chlorophyll a • Phytoplankton • DOC • Nutrients • DOM • pH • Conductivity • Temperature • DO • Light

  10. Filtering and Processing Methods • Filtered and refrigerated at INSTAAR upon return • Chlorophyll-a processed by Kathi • Nutrients processed by Kiowa Lab • Phytoplankton processed using FlowCam • DOC using fluorometer (3-D Fluorescence Spectroscopy and UV-VIS Scan)

  11. Where It All Went Wrong • Very late Ice-Out • Could not begin until late July • Weather • Battling the current • Had to leave due to lightning • Less sun got to incubation • Buoys and buoyant carboys • Couldn’t get to sink so attached rocks • Too much weight for buoys, entire raft sank • Only retrieved one 5 umol/L and one 3 umol/L on return trip, from 4.9 meters

  12. Temperature Profile in GL4

  13. pH Profile in GL4

  14. DO Profile in GL4

  15. Fluorescence Index

  16. Phytoplankton (Incomplete) Before Incubation After Incubation • About 10 slides/ 5mL • Mostly phytoplankton colonies • About 1300 slides/ 5mL • Diverse species • Phytoplankton • Diatoms • Cilliates • Etc…

  17. Conclusions • Increase in phosphorus  • Increase in phytoplankton growth • Increase in phytoplankton respiration • Increase in pH • Increase in autochtonous DOM • Eutrophication of lake • Implications • Economic- Water treatment infrastructure • Environmental- Lake eutrophication

  18. What Is Still Missing? • For next incubation • Incubate in better weather • Phosphorus quantity specific results • Repeated results? • For my return to Boulder • Increased Nitrogen uptake? • Specific changes in algal species

  19. In the future… In the Future… • Smaller Carboys • Handles for the carboys • More buoys

  20. Acknowledgements • Advisor: Diane McKnight • Supervisor: Katherina Hell • Grad Student Mentor: Rylee Archuleta • Pack Mules: Chris Jaros, Rob Spencer, Katie Li, and William McKnight • Driver: Nel • Raft Design/McGuckins runner: Steven Crisp