State the cell theory • State the endosymbiotic theory and describe three evidence that prove this theory. • Draw and label the parts of a prokaryotic cell.
What is the evolutionary origin of prokaryotes? When did they first appear? How do we know when they first appeared? • What type of data would you look at and collect to prove phylogenic relationship among prokaryotes and between prokaryotes and eukaryotes? • What are prokaryotes? • If prokaryotes do not have membrane-bound organelles, how are they able to perform cellular respiration, photosynthesis, protein synthesis, and breaking down of nutrients? • List 3 common characteristics that all cells have.
Describe the biological basis and benefits of using Gram staining. • Explain how the rapid reproduction allows prokaryotes to adapt to different environments. • Explain how genetic recombination allows prokaryotes to adapt to different environments. • Compare and contrast Bacteria and Archaea. • Explain the process of conjugation • Explain the process of transduction.
List 5 ways that bacteria can use to contribute to the nitrogen cycle. • List 4 ways of bacterial metabolism. Name the energy and carbon source of each. • What are plasmids? What are they used for? • List the layers of the outer covering of a gram + and gram – bacterium. • Describe four ways that bacteria can use to build antibiotic resistance. Why is this disadvantageous for humans? • Explain how bacteria can communicate with each other.