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7 th Period 5/14

7 th Period 5/14

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7 th Period 5/14

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  1. 7th Period 5/14 • Complete the Lesson 2 quiz (get it from Mrs. Leonard), put answer on a separate sheet of paper. You may use your lesson 2 handout, pages 441 and R16 of the textbook on the quiz • Complete the Colonization: for Gold, God, and Glory worksheet (get from Mrs. Leonard after the quiz) • When you have finished your assignments you may get your assigned laptop

  2. Europeans in the Americas Chapter 15 Lesson 3 European Colonization

  3. The Americas Before Contact • Native population = 50 to 100 million • Approximately 500 + Native American tribes • Highly organized societies (villages and semi-nomadic)

  4. The First “Settlements” • American Indians settled the Americas approx. 40,000 years ago • 1565 Spain established a fort at St. Augustine in Florida (oldest European settlement in North America) • The Spanish introduced horses, cattle, sheep, pigs, and new vocabulary (mustang, bronco, rodeo) to the Americas Horrible Histories: American Report Spain

  5. The Effects of Contact • 80 to 100 % of Native American populations wiped out by European diseases (such as smallpox and measles) • Why? - Native Americans were geographically cut off from these diseases - did not live in large cities or have contact w/ different people • Results: - Europeans encountered fewer Native Americans = less resistance - Europeans took Native American territories with ease and made it their own

  6. Smallpox

  7. Relations • At first some on both sides were friendly • As more Europeans arrived relations began to change • Europeans begin enslaving Natives

  8. European Colonization • With smaller populations of Natives and more advanced weapons Europeans began to colonize the Americas • Colonies - Settlements in conquered lands; physically separate from, but under control of another country • Mercantilism– an economic policy used in colonies; a country uses colonies to obtain raw materials to make into products.

  9. Colonies Horrible Histories: American Colonization Horrible Histories: Pilgrims Rap

  10. Mercantilism

  11. Pop Quiz

  12. Pop Quiz • A colony was formed in the region where the Aztecs had been defeated A) Portugal B) Spain C) Great Britain • Began exploring Africa in the 1400s A) Spain B) Portugal C) France

  13. Pop Quiz 3. Encomienda system of force labor was established by the government A) France B) Great Britain C) Spain 4. First colony was found in Quebec A) Portugal B) France C) Spain

  14. Pop Quiz • A settlement that is physically separate from, but under the control of, a ruling country A) encomienda B) colony C) mercantilism • An economic policy in which a country uses colonies to become wealthy and powerful A) encomienda B) colony C) mercantilism

  15. Pop Quiz • Which explorer sailed from Spain and landed in the West Indies? A) Magellan B) Da Gama C) Columbus • Which explorer and his crew set out to circumnavigate the world? A) Magellan B) Da Gama C) Columbus