UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004

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  1. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 ONGOING WORK ON DEVELOPING EU-WIDE COMPARABLE STATISTICS ON CRIME, CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND VICTIMISATION Dr Marleen De Smedt EUROSTAT

  2. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 Background to European Commission Action Plan • Roles of DG JAI and Eurostat • Needs (as defined by DG JAI) cover : - policy-making - general public interest and concern • Involvement of all significant actors : - collaboration between Commission and Member States - many international and research organisations represented here

  3. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • The European Statistical System • Close collaboration of national statistical authorities and Eurostat • Statistical Programme Committee • - comprises DGs of national statistical offices and Eurostat • - responsibility for strategic development of statistics • - examines proposals for EU legislation (later submitted to Commission, Council, Parliament) • Directors of Social Statistics : - responsibility for social domains including criminality - regular meetings - written consultations etc. through email and website

  4. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Working groups and task forces • Working groups include representatives of all Member States - responsibility for specific domain of statistics • - main decisions on methodology and implementation • Task Forces consist of a sub-group of Member States - responsibility for developing specific technical proposals and for establishment of the methodology - report to working groups

  5. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Collection of Statistics • Legislative measures • - Regulations, Directives, Decisions • - typically, framework Regulations of Council & Parliament • - Commission regulations fix exact methods and definitions • Collection under “gentlemen’s agreements” if no legal base exists • Long-term commitment to legal bases improves clarity and efficiency

  6. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Place of crime statistics in the statistical system • Included in 2004 Statistical Work Programme • Discussion of Directors of Social Statistics, September 2004 • Crime statistics often fall under the responsibility of ministries • Statistical offices sometimes experienced in victimisation surveys (but these are often also done by private organisations) • Need to examine organisation of crime statistics in Member States

  7. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Key issues for development of EU crime statistics • Requirements • - type and occurrence of crime, and structure • - response of criminal justice systems • Plan and co-operate with data suppliers - existing channels and maybe new structures - procedures exist for secure transmission of confidential data • Different sources available : - police records; need for metadata • - victimisation surveys (ICVS) • Need to embed crime statistics into larger statistical system

  8. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Action Plan • Development : • - forum of national experts, Brussels, 9 July 2004 • - Directors of Social Statistics, Luxembourg, 30 Sept. 2004 • - ongoing development with other significant actors • Build on existing work : - European Sourcebook on Crime and Criminal Justice - UNODC Survey on Crime Trends - UK Home Office Statistical Bulletin • - HEUNI (affiliated to UN) • - European Crime Prevention Network

  9. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Action Plan • Comparability : • - international comparability difficult because systems differ • - comparability of trends is a slightly less ambitious aim • Methodology : - core set of definitions of crimes - definition of statistics to be collected • Objective : - coherent and integrated system - cover both volume crime and organised crime - include reported crimes, criminal justice and victimisation

  10. UNECE-UNODC Conference, Geneva, 3-5 November 2004 • Summary of the major steps to be taken • Establish co-ordination at EU level • Establish co-ordination with non-EU organisations • Establish consulting structures (expert committee, task force) • Stocktaking : establish basis for developing definitions (inventory of definitions of crime types and enforcement measures) • Develop indicators (use of existing data, develop methodology for new indicators) • Use data from research bodies and studies (EUSTOC..) • Take steps towards establishment of legal basis