Bell Ringer – March 13 & 14 Complete the Exit Ticket and be ready to share your answers!
World War II A World Affair
Today’s Objectives Identify dictators: Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin and Tojo. Describe the Battle of Britain. Describe the Invasion of the Soviet Union. Describe the Battle of Stalingrad. Explain the US involvement in WWII prior to December 1941. Describe the Attack on Pearl Harbor.
WWII Dictators Foldable • Fold your paper in half lengthwise “hot dog style” • Cut it into fourths, so you have a 4 flaps • On the front, write the dictator’s name to go with his picture • On the inside: 1) write the dictator’s nickname & draw a picture to help you remember him 2) fill in the key information
Adolf Hitler“der Führer” CountryGermany Political PartyNazi—National Socialist German Workers Party BookMein Kampf (“My Struggle”) How He Started WWIIInvasion of Poland (1939)
Joseph Stalin“Man of Steel” Country USSR Political PartyCommunist Party Goal Make USSR a world power Policies • 5 Year Plans • Industrialize USSR • Government run farms • Use secret police to spy on citizens • Execute anyone who might be against him
Benito Mussolini“Il Duce” (the Leader) Country Italy Political Party Fascist Party Goal Restore the glory of Roman Empire Country He Took Over Ethiopia (1935)
Hideki Tojo Country Japan His Needs Raw materials for industry and military Countries Invaded Korea (1905), Manchuria & China Opposed by US cut off oil supply when Japan invaded China
The Battle of Britain “Never in a field of conflict was so much owed, by so many, to so few.” –Winston Churchill
The Battle of Britain • Hilter's plan was to invade Great Britain by knocking out the Royal Air Force and then landing 250,000 soldiers on England's shores. • German bombers targeted British airfields and aircraft factories. • September 7, 1940 they began focusing on cities - London.
The Battle of Britain • Battle of Britain continued until May 10, 1941. • Allies learned a crucial lesson: Hitler's advances could be blocked.
Germany turned against the Soviet Union which meant fighting on two fronts. Soviet Union joined the Allied Powers. Germany Attacks the Soviet Union
Germans Move Deeper Into Soviet Territory By November 1941, the cold stopped the German offensive. In the summer of 1942, Germans begin moving deeper into Soviet territory. They hoped to take Stalingrad in the south. “Not a step backwards.” –Joseph Stalin
Stalingrad • The Battle began in August 23, 1942. • Germans wanted to control the oil fields near the city. • By November 1942--Germans controlled 90% of the city of Stalingrad.
February 1943 Germans surrendered to Russians LONG Russian Winter Stalingrad – 1942-1943 September 1942 Germans attacked Russians Began siege of city
Stalingrad • February 2, 1943--90,000 frostbitten and half-starved Germans surrendered to the Soviets. • The Battle of Stalingrad is a Turning Point in the East!!!
Lend-Lease Act • U.S. was supposed to be isolated. • The Lend-Lease Act allowed America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation that was considered, “vital to the defense of the United States.”
Semi-Involved • US Lent: War supplies & old warships • US Received: Military bases in the Caribbean and Bahamas
Japan Attacks the U.S. Why did Japan attack the US? • Wanted to create an empire in the Pacific • Wanted revenge after the US cut off oil supply following the attack on China
“A Date Which Will Live in Infamy” 7:55 a.m. on Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japanese warplanes attacked the American military base at Pearl Harbor.
The Aftermath of the Attack Deaths: Over 2,300 people died. Wounded: 1,178 were wounded. What was destroyed? Two U.S. Navy battleships, one minelayer, two destroyers, and 188 aircraft.
Following Pearl Harbor … • December 8, 1941 the United States declared war on Japan. • Germany then declared war on the U.S.
Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese invaded the Philippines and Indonesia and planned to invade both Australia and Hawaii.
Battles and Events of WWII • Use your notes to fill in: #3 Battle of Britain #4 Invasion of the Soviet Union #5 Pearl Harbor
“The Blitz” • Read the article and complete the crossword puzzle • Turn in at the end of the block