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NASA Technical Standards Program Overview

NASA Technical Standards Program Overview

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NASA Technical Standards Program Overview

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  1. NASA Technical Standards Program Overview Joint Technical Architecture for Robotic Systems (JTARS) Working Group Meeting Houston, Texas May 11-12, 2005 • Paul S. Gill • Manager, NASA Technical Standards Program Office • http://standards.nasa.gov Danny Garcia/NASA Technical Program Office

  2. Traditionally, NASA “Technical Standards” Were Built Around Specific Programs and Organizations, e.g., Apollo, Shuttle, Space Station, Explorers… NASA Field Centers - MSFC, JSC,… Liberal Use Was Made by NASA of MIL-STD’S. Agencywide Technical Standards Were Generally Limited to Specific Areas: Safety, Mission Assurance, Electronic Components Construction of Facilities Data Communications Standards Technical Standards Were Mainly Prescriptive and Essentially “Good Forever” BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

  3. Establish and Maintain ”NASA Preferred Technical Standards” As a Common Baseline for NASA Programs Develop Internal NASA Standards Where Available Standards Are Not Adequate Evaluate, Support, and Adopt National and International Standards Where They Meet NASA’s Needs Support the Use of Technical Standards on NASA Programs in the Systems Requirement Process Provide Access for All nasa.gov Users to Full Text Standards From >100 Sources at http://standards.nasa.gov Linking Standards to Lessons Learned for More Effective Use Automated Notice of Updates for Standards Registered by Users Program Objectives

  4. NASA Technical Standards Program Structure Other NASA Headquarters Offices NASA Chief Engineer (Code AE) (Rex Geveden, Chief Engineer) - Functional Standards - Program Level Coordination - Policy/Oversight/Approval - Program Sponsorship NASA Technical Standards Working Group (TSWG) (Paul Gill, Chair) NASA Engineering Management Board (Rex Geveden, Chair) - Center Approving Authority - Program Issues NASA Technical Standards Program Office (Paul Gill, Manager) - Center Representation - Program Guidance Topic and Discipline Working Groups - Program Management - Standards Management System http://standards.nasa.gov - Prioritization of Needs - Standards development

  5. NASA Technical Standards Definitions (1)Standards (STD)establish uniform engineering and technical requirements for processes, procedures, practices, and methods that have been endorsed as standard, including requirements for selection, application, and design criteria of an item. (2) Specifications (SPEC)are prepared specifically to support acquisition, which clearly and accurately describes essential technical requirements for purchased items. Procedures necessary to determine that the requirements covered by the specification have been met are also included. (3) Handbooks (HDBK)are guidance documents containing standard procedural, technical, engineering, or design information about material, processes, practices, and methods.

  6. Available Standards Anything Accessible Through Technical Standards Website Preferred Standards Recommended by Centers on Basis of Experience Centers Concur Acceptable for Appropriate Use No Major Issues; Any Limitations Addressed in “Applications Note” “Preferred” Standards Are a Recommended Starting Point for Identifying Standards. Preferred ≠ Mandatory Can Come From Any Source Core Standards* Finite List of Priority Standards Considered Critical for Controlling Risk, Addressing Recurring Problems, Providing Necessary Insight and Control; Not Limited to Human Safety To Be Addressed by All Programs * Implementation TBD Standards Nomenclature

  7. CAIB recommendation referred to both “requirements” and “standards” Standards are only part of Technical Requirements; other types include: Mission Design Program Manufacturing Performance (S/C) Test/Verification Performance (System) Operations Standards vs. Requirements

  8. 7.5.-1 Establish an Independent Technical Engineering Authority that is responsible for technical requirements and all waivers to them… The Independent Technical Authority does the following as a minimum: Develop and maintain technical standards for all Space Shuttle Program projects and elements Be the sole waiver-granting authority for all technical standards… The Chief Engineer has been designated the NASA Technical Authority; this authority is re-delegated to: Discipline Technical Warrant Holders (responsible for requirements including standards) Systems Technical Warrant Holders ( providing the interface with programs CAIB Recommendation

  9. NASA Preferred Technical Standards Taxonomy

  10. NASA Technical Standards In Development Doc Number Title NASA-HDBK-5010 Fracture Control Implementation Handbook for Payloads, Experiments, and Similar Hardware NASA-STD-5017 Design And Development Criteria For Critical Mechanical Systems NASA-HDBK-5011 Launch Facilities and Associated Ground Equipment Vibroacoustic Loads Environment Definition and Analysis Applying Data Matrix Identification Symbols on Aerospace Parts NASA-STD-6002B (Revision) NASA-STD-7001A (Revision) Payload Vibroacoustic Test Criteria NASA-STD-0005 NASA Configuration Management (CM) Standard NASA-HDBK-6003B (Revision) Application of Data Matrix Identification Symbols to Aerospace Parts using Direct Part Marking Methods/Techniques NASA-HDBK-6009 Materials & Process Design Guide NASA-STD-5012 Strength And Life Assessment Requirements For Space Propulsion Systems Engines NASA-STD-6001A (Revision) Flammability, Odor, Offgassing, and Compatibility Requirements and Test Procedures for Materials In Environments that Support Combustion NASA-STD-3000C (Revision) Manned-Systems Integration Standard NASA–HDBK-1001A (Revision) Terrestrial Environment Criteria Handbook for Use in Aerospace Vehicle Development NASA-SPEC-6012 Protective Finishes for Space Vehicle Structures NASA-STD-4005 LEO Spacecraft Charging Design Standard

  11. NASA Technical Standards In Development (Continued)

  12. NASA Technical Standards In Development (Continued) Doc Number Title NASA-HDBK-7008 Spacecraft Structural Dynamics Testing NASA-STD-6018 Guidelines for Utilization of Composite Materials in Oxygen Storage Tanks NASA-HDBK-6020 Compilation and Evaluation of Existing Data on the Compatibility of Materials with High-Test Hydrogen Peroxide NASA-STD-6014 Evaluation of Load Carrying Capability of Lap Braze Joints Containing Flaws NASA-STD-7006 Charged Particle Radiation Testing of Materials to Emulate Space Environment Exposure NASA-STD-5001A (Revision) Structural Design and Test Factors of Safety For Space Flight Hardware NASA Fastener Integrity Requirements NASA-STD-6008

  13. Title JSC 8080 Design and Procedural Standards Handbook Pyrotechnic D&V Standards for Human-Rated Space Vehicles based on NSTS 8060 Parachute Design and Verification Standards for Human-Rated Space Vehicles NASA-STD-3000 Vol 8 (CEV) Standard Manned Spacecraft Requirements for Materials and Processes Passive Thermal Control System Standard Battery Safety Handbook SMAC Values Rec Testing Meth for S/F Perf Verif of Non-Metallic Matls I: Ionizing Radiation Dose Effects Rec Testing Meth for S/F Perf Verif of Non-Metallic Matls I: Solar UV, VUV and soft x-ray Rec Testing Meth for S/F Perf Verif of Non-Metallic Matls I: Atomic Oxygen Rec Practices for Evaluating Effects of S/C Struct Shielding on TID & SEE Environments TPS Standard Topics for Development of NASA Technical Standards Note: Not a complete list. Action still pending at most Centers

  14. Topics for Development of NASA Technical Standards (Continued) Title TID & SEE Verification of EEE Parts & Avionics Assembly for the ISS: Perf vs. Expectations JSC 26626A “EVA Hardware Generic Design Requirements Document” The Effects of High-Test Hydrogen Peroxide (HTP) on Structural Materials as Determined by Isothermal Microcalorimetry Stds on Getter Material for Hi Vacuum Hermetic Apps High Energy Corona Discharge Design HDBK NASA sustaining Engineering Std Outgassing Rate Measurements for the Screening of Nonmetallic Material NASA Std for In-Space Logistics Uses and Technical Requirements for Digital Photography, in Anomaly Recording for NASA Flight Hardware JSC 28918, “EVA Design Requirements and Considerations” Note: Not a complete list. Action still pending at most Centers

  15. NASA Preferred Technical Standards Status • Adopted/Pending Adoption Summary • Total 3,407 – (1,774 Performance, 1,633 Acquisition) • 62 NASA Developed Technical Standards • 26 Engineering Standards • 18 IT Standards • 18 Safety And Mission Assurance • 2,267 Adopted (Non-NASA) - (981 Performance, 1286 Acquisition) • 1,568 Voluntary Consensus Standards • 671 Military Specifications and Standards • 28 Federal and CID Standards • 1,078 Pending Adoption (Non-NASA) - (731 Performance, 347 Acquisition • 11 AIAA and 61 ISO Performance Standards Sent to NTSWG for Endorsement • 347 Acquisition and 659 Performance Standards Not Yet Sent Out to NTSWG • NASA Participation In Non- Gov’t Standards Development For FY05 Per OMB Circular A-119 • 30 SDOs • 147 Participants • 197 Standards

  16. NASA Technical Standards System

  17. Normalized Access/Downloads of Standards By Center

  18. Standards Homepage http://standards.nasa.gov

  19. Document Library Search Page

  20. Summary Page

  21. Standards Update Notification System (SUNS) • SUNS allows users to register standards they use, and receive automatic notification when standards are revised, re-issued • Changes to technical standards can have major impacts on the safety, performance, reliability, and cost of programs/projects • Using out-of-date standards—unless required to meet specific need • Ignores improvements and misses the benefits of experience • Exposes programs/projects to the risk of repeating those failures that led to update of the standard • Pilot Test on Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster/TVC System • 552 standards cited; all but 124 cancelled, replaced, or document status was not verifiable For all programs to date: • 7138 document update requests received • 2362 document update notifications sent

  22. Lessons Learned-Technical Standards Integration • NASA Lessons Learned System documents problems and improved guidance from program and project experience • Linking Lessons Learned with standards provides basis for interpretation/use and update of standards • Users alerted to Lessons Learned at the time they come looking for the standards • Current status • Over 600 out of 1700 Lessons Learned now hot-linked to 420 NASA preferred and non-government technical standards • “Reverse” search capability permits users to view specific lessons learned by technical discipline and view the standards linked to them • Now adding “Application notes” from standards users that clarify or limit the scope, use, or context of standards; over 170 linked to date • Use of Lessons Learned system climbing

  23. Lessons Learned Search Page

  24. Lessons Learned / Best Practices Results Page

  25. Technical Standards System User Surveys Standards Data Base Survey (6732 unique users) Lessons Learned Link Survey (30 Days, 93 users)

  26. Programs Identification of and analysis of issues Technique development and data analysis Standards Program Committee development and preparation Center review and approval NASA Chief Engineer Approval Maintenance NASA-wide access ITA Development of issues to be addressed Implementation on projects: determination of requirements, oversight/evaluation of implementation Who Pays for Standards?

  27. Conduct A Screening Of Standards Related To Robotic Systems And Identify Applicable Lessons Learned From The Agency's Lessons Learned Information System And Other Lessons Learned Databases. Assist On Robotic Systems Data Collection And Assessment Relative To Applicability For Use In New Standards Development. Utilize The NASA Technical Standards Program Standards Development Process And Tailor For Support Of JTARS Working Group Use In Robotic Systems Standards Development. Provide A Portal On The NASA Technical Standards Program Website Devoted To Robotic Systems Related Standards. Take Inputs On Experiences From Robotic Systems Related Standards Users Identified By The JTARS Working Group And Link To Standards On the NASA Preferred Technical Standards. WHAT CAN WE DO FOR THE JTARS WORKING GROUP?

  28. Backup Charts

  29. NASA Technical Standards Published Document No. Title NASA-GB-8719.13 NASA SOFTWARE SAFETY GUIDEBOOK (SUPERSEDING NASA-GB-1740.13-96) NASA-HDBK-1001 TERRESTRIAL ENVIRONMENT (CLIMATIC) CRITERIA HANDBOOK FOR USE IN AEROSPACE VEHICLE DEVELOPMENT NASA-HDBK-4001 ELECTRICAL GROUNDING ARCHITECTURE FOR UNMANNED SPACECRAFT NASA-HDBK-4002 AVOIDING PROBLEMS CAUSED BY SPACECRAFT ON-ORBIT INTERNAL CHARGING EFFECTS NASA-HDBK-6003 APPLICATION OF DATA MATRIX IDENTIFICATION SYMBOLS TO AEROSPACE PARTS USING DIRECT PART MARKING METHODS/TECHNIQUES NASA-HDBK-7004 FORCE LIMITED VIBRATION TESTING (SUPERSEDING NASA-HDBK-7004A) NASA-HDBK-7005 DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA NASA-SPEC-5004 WELDING OF AEROSPACE GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT AND RELATED NONCONVENTIONAL FACILITIES (SUPERSEDING NASA-SPEC-5004) NASA-STD-2100 NASA SOFTWARE DOCUMENTATION STANDARD NASA-STD-2801 NASA STRATEGY FOR WINDOWS NT DOMAIN NASA-STD-2802 INTRACENTER NETWORKING ARCHITECTURE, STANDARDS AND PRODUCTS

  30. NASA Technical Standards Published (Continued) NASA-STD-2803 INTRANET STRATEGY NASA-STD-2804 MINIMUM INTEROPERABILITY SOFTWARE SUITE (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-2804E) NASA-STD-2805 MINIMUM HARDWARE CONFIGURATIONS (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-2805D) NASA-STD-2806 NETWORK PROTOCOL NASA-STD-2807 THE NASA DIRECTORY SERVICE - ARCHITECTURE, STANDARDS, AND PRODUCTS (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-2807B) NASA-STD-2808 INTEROPERABILITY PROFILE FOR NASA E-MAIL CLIENTS NASA-STD-2809 NASA INTELLIGENT ELECTRONIC FORMS NASA-STD-2810 UNIX INTEROPERABILITY NASA-STD-2811 STANDARD WORKSTATION MANAGEMENT TOOLS NASA-STD-2812 INTRANET FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS NASA-STD-2813 NASA FIREWALL STRATEGY, ARCHITECTURE, STANDARDS AND PRODUCTS NASA-STD-2814 NASA INTEGRATED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ARCHITECTURE TECHNICAL FRAMEWORK TECHNICAL ARCHITECTURE VOL 1-2 (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-2814)

  31. NASA Technical Standards Published (Continued) NASA-STD-2815 NASA ELECTRONIC MESSAGING ARCHITECTURE, STANDARDS AND PRODUCTS NASA-STD-2817 COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING DATA INTERCHANGE STANDARDS NASA-STD-2818 DIGITAL TELEVISION STANDARDS FOR NASA NASA-STD-2819 COLLABORATIVE TOOLS STANDARDS NASA-STD-2820 ENCRYPTION AND DIGITAL SIGNATURE STANDARDS NASA-STD-3000 MAN-SYSTEMS INTEGRATION STANDARDS - VOLUME 3 NASA-STD-3000 MAN-SYSTEMS INTEGRATION STANDARDS - VOLUME 2 NASA-STD-3000 MAN-SYSTEMS INTEGRATION STANDARDS - VOLUME 1 NASA-STD-4003 ELECTRICAL BONDING FOR NASA LAUNCH VEHICLES, SPACECRAFT, PAYLOADS, AND FLIGHT EQUIPMENT NASA-STD-5001 STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND TEST FACTORS OF SAFETY FOR SPACE FLIGHT HARDWARE NASA-STD-5002 LOAD ANALYSES OF SPACECRAFT AND PAYLOADS NASA-STD-5003 FRACTURE CONTROL REQUIREMENTS FOR PAYLOADS USING THE SPACE SHUTTLE(SUPERSEDING NHB-8071.1-1988) NASA-STD-5005 GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-5005A)

  32. NASA Technical Standards Published (Continued) NASA-STD-5006 GENERAL FUSION WELDING REQUIREMENTS FOR AEROSPACE MATERIALS USED IN FLIGHT HARDWARE NASA-STD-5007 GENERAL FRACTURE CONTROL REQUIREMENTS FOR MANNED SPACE FLIGHT SYSTEMS NASA-STD-5008 PROTECTIVE COATING OF CARBON STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL, AND ALUMINUM ON LAUNCH STRUCTURES, FACILITIES, AND GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-5008) NASA-STD-6001 FLAMMABILITY, ODOR, OFF-GASSING AND COMPATIBILITY REQUIREMENTS & TEST PROCEDURES FOR MATERIALS IN ENVIRONMENTS THAT SUPPORT COMBUSTION (SUPERSEDING NHB-8060.1C) NASA-STD-6002 APPLYING DATA MATRIX IDENTIFICATION SYMBOLS ON AEROSPACE PARTS NASA-STD-7001 PAYLOAD VIBROACOUSTIC TEST CRITERIA NASA-STD-7002 PAYLOAD TEST REQUIREMENTS (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-7002) NASA-STD-7003 PYROSHOCK TEST CRITERIA NASA-STD-8709.2 NASA SAFETY AND MISSION ASSURANCE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOR EXPENDABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE SERVICES NASA-STD-8719.7 FACILITY SYSTEM SAFETY GUIDEBOOK NASA-STD-8719.8 EXPENDABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE PAYLOAD SAFETY REVIEW PROCESS STANDARD NASA-STD-8719.9 STANDARD FOR LIFTING DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT (SUPERSEDING NSS/GO-1740.9B) NASA-STD-8719.11 SAFETY STANDARD FOR FIRE PROTECTION (SUPERSEDING NSS-1740.11). WITH CHANGE 2 DATED 07/13/2004

  33. NASA Technical Standards Published (Continued) NASA-STD-8719.13 NASA SOFTWARE SAFETY STANDARD (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-8719.13A) NASA-STD-8729.1 PLANNING, DEVELOPING AND MANAGING AN EFFECTIVE RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY (R&M) PROGRAM NASA-STD-8739.1 WORKMANSHIP STANDARD FOR STAKING AND CONFORMAL COATING OF PRINTED WIRING BOARDS AND ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLIES (SUPERSEDING NAS-5300.4(3J-1), NHB-5300.4(3L), AND NHB-5300.4(3M)) NASA-STD-8739.2 WORKMANSHIP STANDARD FOR SURFACE MOUNT TECHNOLOGY (SUPERSEDING NAS-5300.4(3M)) NASA-STD-8739.3 SOLDERED ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS (SUPERSEDING NHB-5300.4(3A-2)) (INCLUDES CHANGE 2 RELEASED ON 01/18/2001) NASA-STD-8739.4 CRIMPING, INTERCONNECTING CABLES, HARNESSES, AND WIRING (SUPERSEDING NAS-5300.4(3G-1), NHB-5300.4(3G) AND NHB-5300.4(3H) NASA-STD-8739.5 FIBER OPTIC TERMINATIONS, CABLE ASSEMBLIES, AND INSTALLATION NASA-STD-8739.8 SOFTWARE ASSURANCE STANDARD (SUPERSEDING NASA-STD-2201) NSS-1740.12 SAFETY STANDARD FOR EXPLOSIVES, PROPELLANTS, AND PYROTECHNICS NSS-1740.14 GUIDELINES AND ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES FOR LIMITING ORBITAL DEBRIS NSS-1740.16 SAFETY STANDARD FOR HYDROGEN AND HYDROGEN SYSTEMS GUIDELINES FOR HYDROGEN SYSTEM DESIGN, MATERIALS SELECTION, OPERATIONS, STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION NSS/WS-1740.10 NASA SAFETY STANDARD FOR UNDERWATER FACILITY AND NON-OPEN WATER OPERATIONS (INCLUDES CHANGE 1 DATED 05/28/1997)

  34. Process for Development of NASA Engineering Standards Sponsored By The NASA Chief Engineer