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CHAPTER 9: Expanding Markets And Moving West

CHAPTER 9: Expanding Markets And Moving West

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CHAPTER 9: Expanding Markets And Moving West

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  1. CHAPTER 9: Expanding Markets And Moving West Section 3: Expansion in Texas

  2. How the States got their Shapes • Introduction to Texas: The following video clip outlines the formation of Texas and its modern attitudes and views • Episode: State of Rebellion • Chapter: Lone Star- 25:00-31:00

  3. Tejanos • In 1821, only about 4,000 Tejanos lived in Texas. • Tejanos are people of Spanish heritage who consider Texas their home. • The Spanish government tried to attract Spanish setters to Texas, but very few came. • Sparse population convinces the Spanish to invite American Settlers to Texas

  4. The Texas Revolt A. Permission to settle:  Starting in 1821, Spain and then an Independent Mexico had granted permission to Catholic (North) Americans to settle the sparsely populated territory of Texas.  B. Incentives for settlement: Soon there was a great influx of Americans settlers into Texas. The land was practically free--only 10¢ an acre as opposed to $1.25 an acre for inferior land in the U.S. Each male colonists over twenty-one years of age was allowed to purchase 640 acres for himself, 320 acres for his wife, 160 acres for each child and, significantly, an additional 80 acres for each slaves that he brought with him. The numerical dominance of the American settlers: 1827: By 1827 there were some 12,000 United States citizens living in Texas, while there were only 7,000 Mexicans. 1835: By 1835 the immigrant population had reached 30,000, while the Mexican population had barely passed 7,800

  5. Many American settlers moved to Texas after Mexico achieved independence from Spain. • Mexico gained independence in 1821. • The new Mexican government hired empresarios, or agents, to bring settlers to Texas. • Empresarios given land grants as compensation. • Stephen Austin started a colony on lower the Colorado River in 1822. • Success attracted more American settlers, who received free land in exchange for obeying Mexican laws. • Concerned about the number of Americans, Mexico banned further settlement. General Antonio López de Santa Anna became the ruler of Mexico.

  6. Stephen F. Austin—Land Empresario

  7. Texans revolted against Mexican rule and established an independent nation. • War began October 1835 in a battle at Gonzales, Texas. • Texans declared independence on March 2, 1836. • The Republic of Texas was established. • Sam Houston: • Grew up in the mountains of Tennessee. Where he served in the US military during the War of 1812. • After a short time, he became a lawyer and practiced in Lebanon, TN before running for public office and was elected to the US Congress in 1823 and in 1825. • In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee by a large majority. • After being governor, Houston resigned from TN politics and returned to live with his longtime friends, the Cherokees. There, he remained until 1832 when he moved to Texas and was named head of the Texas army. • Influential settler, Stephen Austin went to the United States for money and troops.

  8. Rising Tensions in Texas • In 1829, the Mexican government outlawed slavery. • Same year- Immigration closed off to US • The settlers wanted to keep their slaves so they could grow cotton. • The Americans also didn’t want to learn Spanish or follow Mexican laws. • Very few settlers had converted to Catholicism (condition of living in Mexico). • Texans had to start paying taxes for the first time. • Mexican president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna sent more Mexican troops to Texas. • Texans began talk of breaking away from Mexico. • When Stephen Austin was jailed, the Texans did revolt.

  9. Texans Revolt Against Mexico • In 1833, Austin set off for Mexico City with a petition listing all the reforms supported by both Americans and Tejanos. • In Mexico City, the Mexican president, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna learned of a letter Austin had written that threatened a rebellion if Santa Anna didn’t approve of his petition.

  10. In early 1800s,Antonio López de Santa Anna dominates Mexican politics • Serves as president four times between 1833 and 1855 • Captured By Texans in final battle of the Texas Revolution General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

  11. The Alamo • The first battle between the Texans and Mexicans took place at on old mission that was used as a fort. • It was called the Alamo.

  12. The Fight for the Alamo • There were only 183 Texans guarding the Alamo. • The Mexican army had 1,800-5000 men. • The Texans held the Alamo for twelve days. • On the thirteenth day, Santa Anna ordered his men to storm the fortress. • When it was over, all but five Texans were dead. The men not killed in the battle were executed by Santa Anna. • Texans were shocked by the slaughter at the Alamo and vowed to fight for their freedom.

  13. The Texas Revolution • Battle of San Jacinto • The decisive battle of the Texas Revolution • Santa Anna v. Sam Houston • Battle in present-day Harris County • Rallying cries, “Remember the Alamo,” • Combat lasted less than 20 minutes; slaughter of Mexicans carried on for several more hours • 630 Mexicans killed, over 700 captured; 280 wounded

  14. Lone Star Republic • In September 1836, Texans raised a flag with a single star. • Sam Houston was elected president of the Lone Star Republic. • The Texas government asked Congress to annex Texas, but Congress vetoed the annexation because it worried about the slavery issue and about another war with Mexico. • President Tyler eventually gets Annexation approved in 1845 • Mexico Furious that US takes over Texas

  15. April 25, 2013 C, D, E, F, A

  16. Agenda Period C Question of the Day Why would the nation of Mexico invite American settlers to enter and settle Texas? Explain at least 2 reasons What conditions does Mexico put on settlers of Texas? Exit question- Do you believe that the Texas Revolution was justified? Use your T chart,notes, and primary source notes to justify and argue you view. • Homework: Read and outline chapter 9-3 (pages 288-292) • Oregon Trail projects due to dropitto.me/neverett by Friday at midnight. Only assignments submitted online will be accepted. • Question of the Day • Introduction to Texas • Exit question

  17. Texan Heroes Texas IndependenceAs you view notes and videos fill in the following chart Texan Criminals

  18. CHAPTER 9: Expanding Markets And Moving West Section 3: Expansion in Texas

  19. Tejanos • In 1821, only about 4,000 ____________ lived in Texas. • Tejanos are people of _________________________________________________________________________. • The Spanish government tried to attract _____________________________________ • Sparse population convinces the Spanish to _____________________________________

  20. The Texas Revolt A. Permission to settle:  Starting in 1821, _______________________________________had granted permission to Catholic (North) Americans to settle the sparsely populated territory of Texas.  B. Incentives for settlement: _______________________________________. The land was practically free--only ___________________________________ ________________________Each male colonists over twenty-one years of age was allowed to purchase ___________________, 320 acres for his wife, 160 acres for each child and, significantly, an additional 80 acres for each slaves that he brought with him. The numerical dominance of the American settlers: 1827: By 1827 there were some _______________________________ __________________________________________________________ 1835: By 1835 the immigrant population had reached _____________ __________________________________________________________

  21. Many American settlers moved to Texas after Mexico achieved independence from Spain. • Mexico gained independence in 1821. • The new Mexican government hired ____________________________ ________________________________________________________ • Empresarios given land grants as compensation. • Stephen Austin started a colony on lower the Colorado River in 1822. • ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Concerned about the number of Americans, __________________________ _______________________________________________________ General Antonio López de Santa Anna became the ruler of Mexico.

  22. Stephen F. Austin—Land Empresario

  23. Rising Tensions in Texas • In 1829, __________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Same year- Immigration closed off to US • ________________________________________________________________________________________________ • The Americans also __________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Very few settlers had converted to Catholicism (condition of living in Mexico). • Texans had to start _______________________________ • Mexican president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna sent more Mexican troops to Texas. • Texans began talk of breaking away from Mexico. • ________________________________________________

  24. Texans Revolt Against Mexico • In 1833, Austin set off for Mexico City with a petition __________________________________________________________________________________________ • In Mexico City, the Mexican president, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna learned of a letter __________________________________________________________________________________________

  25. Texans revolted against Mexican rule and established an independent nation. • War began October 1835 in a battle at Gonzales, Texas. • ___________________________________________________________ • The Republic of Texas was established. • Sam Houston: • Grew up in the mountains of Tennessee. Where he served in the US military during the War of 1812. • After a short time, he became a lawyer and practiced in Lebanon, TN before running for public office and was elected to the US Congress in 1823 and in 1825. • In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee by a large majority. • ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Influential settler, Stephen Austin went to the United States for money and troops.

  26. In early 1800s,Antonio López de Santa Anna dominates ________________________________________________________ • Captured By Texans in final battle of the Rexas Revolution General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

  27. The Alamo • The first battle between the Texans and Mexicans took place at on old mission that was used as a fort. • It was called the Alamo.

  28. Who were the Defenders of the Alamo • William Travis, James Bowie, and Davie Crocket • 2 youtube clips

  29. The Fight for the Alamo • There were only _______________________________. • The Mexican army ____________________________. • The Texans held the Alamo for twelve days. • On the thirteenth day, _____________________________________________ • When it was over, all but five Texans were dead. The men not killed in the battle _________________________________________ • Texans were shocked by the slaughter at the Alamo and vowed to fight for their freedom.

  30. The Texas Revolution • Battle of San Jacinto • The decisive battle of the Texas Revolution • ______________________________________ • Battle in present-day Harris County • Rallying cries, “Remember the Alamo,” • Combat lasted less than ____________________ ________________________________________ • _________________________________________ _________________________________________

  31. Lone Star Republic • In September 1836, Texans raised a flag with a single star. • Sam Houston was elected ___________________________ • The Texas government asked Congress to annex Texas, but Congress vetoed the ______________________________________________________________________________ • President Tyler eventually gets Annexation approved • Mexico ______________________________________________________

  32. Texas Primary Source Activity • Read through Primary Source documents A,B, C, and D • Read through the following 4 sources and fill out your T chart accordingly • You will use this to answer the Exit question

  33. Texas Primary Source Activity 2 • Students will work in pre-assigned groups of 4. • Each group will be given an envelope of Texas Grievances on their Declaration of Independence. • Connect the 1836 complaints to their modern translated cards. • Decide the five complaints that you see as most important and list them on your “Ranking The Grievances” paper.