Joshua as Salvation History • The Exodus from Egypt was just one half of God’s redemptive plan for Israel. • God promised not only to free them from bondage, but to give them the land he promised to the patriarchs. • The book of Joshua chronicles the inheritance of the land God promised.
Sequel to Deuteronomy • Five theological motifs bind Joshua and Deuteronomy together • Holy War (D spells out rules for engagement, J carries them out; trouble when rules are not followed. (Deut. 7:25-6; Josh. 7, Achan • Land D is set on the edge of the Promised Land. Joshua records the conquest of the land (chp. 1-12) and its distribution among the tribes (13-22)
Sequel, cont. • The Unity of Israel All the tribes act as one nation, and receive the promise together (18:2; 13-21) • Joshua as Successor to Moses Moses led the people out of Egypt, Joshua leads them into the land. J removes his shoes in the presence of the Lord (5:15), intercedes for the people (7:7-9), and leads them in Passover (5:10-11) • Covenant Renewal Joshua leads the people in covenant renewal at Mt. Gerizim and Ebal (8:30ff)
Gospel and Kingdom • The name Jesus is a Greek rendering of the name Joshua. Jesus forms a new Israel (Heb. 4:8). • Joshua led the people into rest, but only temporary rest from their enemies. Through Jesus, Israel receives a greater inheritance (1 Pet. 1:3-5) and the kind of rest Joshua could not deliver (Heb. 3:11, 18; 4:1-11) • Models of Faith; Israel at Jericho, Rahab (Heb. 11:30-31; 11:14-16)
Judges • Set between the death of Joshua and the rise of the Mondarchy (late 2nd millenium B.C., Iron Age in the Near East, Philistines rise to power) • The legacy of Joshua has already begun to fade. Israel makes alliances with indigenous people. As a result, Israel would be oppressed by the surrounding peoples (2:1-5; 3:1-5). Judges ends with the tribes beginning to divide. (20-21) • Differing perspectives on the conquest. The people’s (1:1-36), and Yahweh’s (2:1-3:6)