Applications in Acquisition Changing Defense Environment
21st Century Environment Early 21st Century World Population 8B+ Terrorism 500+ incidents Nuclear States 5 admitted (4 more?) Refugees 25M+ Major Conflicts 50+ (100s minor) U.S. Drug Costs $220B U.S. Defense $580B approx
Emerging Security Environment • Global threat environment • Rogues, renegades, outlaws • Terrorism • Transnational crimes • Technology development and proliferation • Critical Uncertainties • Strategic nuclear threats • Regional WMD • Large regional militaries
Emerging Security Environment • New and modified warfare • Information warfare • Cybernetic warfare • Transnational infrastructure • Asymmetric warfare • Asynchronous warfare • Who knows what’s next?
Revolution in Military Affairs • Revolution is a major, discontinuous leap in effectiveness typically characterized by: • Rapidly emerging technologies making new military systems possible • New tools and options • New operational concepts use tools • New organizations to use the options
Revolution in Business Affairs • Three broad streams of activity: • Acquisition reform • Civil-Military Integration • Reducing support infrastructure • More teeth less tail
Transformation Fundamental Changes in the way the DoD conducts it’s business RMA RBA Driven by technology MISSION focus Driven by technology Value focus RMA + RBA = DoD Transformation
Quadrennial Defense Review • QDR report is the Strategic Plan for the DoD • The Military Force Structure Review Act of 1996 • Every 4 years (1 year after election) • Content and purpose • defense strategy, force structure, force modernization plans, infrastructure, and other elements of the defense program and policies with an intent of establishing a revised defense program
Quadrennial Defense Review • 1997 • Assumed Strategic Pause until 2015 • Balance power projection and peacetime presence • 2 Major Theatre Wars(MTWs) • Still respond to Small Scale Contingencies (SSCs) • Joint Vision 2010
Quadrennial Defense Review • 2006 • Fighting the Long War • Prolonged Irregular Conflict • Afghanistan • Iraq • Fight beyond Iraq and Afghanistan • Philippines • Korea • Horn of Africa
Quadrennial Defense Review 2010 • Humanitarian and Early prevention • Tsunami • Pakistan Earthquake • Haiti • Liberia • Home Security • 9/11 • Hurricanes
QDR 2010 • Rebalances US military capabilities and reforms Defense processes and institutions to: – Prevail in today’s wars – Prevent and deter conflict – Prepare to defeat adversaries and succeed in a wide range of contingencies – Preserve and enhance the All-Volunteer Force • Emphasizes flexibility of the force and investment in key enablers • Sets the force on a path toward sustainable rotation • Integrates activities with other U.S. Government agencies and allies and partners • Initiates a cooperative, tailored approach to global defense posture
QDR 2010 • Defend the United States and support civil authorities at home – Improve flexibility and responsiveness of consequence management support • Succeed in counterinsurgency, stability, and counterterrorism operations – Increase rotary wing, ISR, and other key enablers; improve counter-IED capabilities • Build the security capacity of partner states – Institutionalize and reform security force assistance in the general purpose force • Deter and defeat aggression in anti-access environments – Enhance the resiliency of U.S. forward posture and base infrastructure • Prevent proliferation and counter weapons of mass destruction – Secure vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide and enhance WMD interdiction • Operate effectively in cyberspace – Stand up Cyber Command and grow a cadre of cyber experts
Quadrennial Defense Review 2010 Irregular Catastrophic WMD Homeland Security Defeat Terrorism Traditional Disruptive Shape Countries Decisions
Quadrennial Defense Review • Joint Ground Forces • Special Operations Forces • Joint Air Capabilities • Joint Maritime Capabilities • Tailored Deterrence • Combat WMD • Joint Mobility • Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance • Net-Centricity • Joint Command and Control
QDR President National Security Strategy Chairman Joint Chiefs Joint Strategy Review National Military Strategy (NMS) Joint Planning Document Defense Planning Guidance Threats New Technologies Program Objective Memorandum Budget
Mission Need Determination National Security Strategy (Intelligence) Defense Planning Guidance (CinCs) Threats Mission Area Analysis Search for Capabilities Deficiencies
Mission Need Determination Mission Area Analysis Search for Capabilities Deficiencies Strategy to Task focus Mission Need Analysis Mission Needs/Timeframe Needs Task to Need Focus Material Solution Needed?
Mission Need Determination Material Solution Needed? Mission Need Statement • Other Changes: • Doctrine • Organization • Training • Leadership • Personnel No Yes
Mission Need Statement The Mission Need Statement is the approval document at the mission need decision. It summarizes the decision factors relevant to a capability shortfall the agency should address or technological opportunity for satisfying mission responsibility more efficiently or effectively. Approval by the Joint Resources Council authorizes entry into investment analysis to determine the best overall solution to mission need.
Mission Need Statement • Justify Need to fulfill a shortfall • Rigorous, analytical • Sufficient Quantifiable data to make decision • Does not suggest or justify specific solutions • Updated at any major change to mission or world situation
Content • Signature page • Mission Area • Need Capability • Current Capability • Capability Shortfall • Impact • Benefits • Timeframe • Criticality • Resources/Funding
Mission Need Statement The Mission Need Statement is a summary document that describes the operational problem and presents the major decision factors that the Joint Resources Council should evaluate in considering the need. Detailed quantitative and analytical information should be included as attachments.
Summary • World is Changing • U.S. Need to Change • New strategies • New Acquisition • Fast Response • Anticipate Change
Assignment • Paper on the “super-committee” and sequestration • What does it mean? • What do you think it will cause?