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Applications in Acquisition

Applications in Acquisition

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Applications in Acquisition

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  1. Applications in Acquisition Changing Defense Environment

  2. 21st Century Environment Late 20th Century World Population 7B Terrorism 500+ incidents Nuclear States 5 admitted (4 more?) Refugees 25M+ Major Conflicts 50+ U.S. Drug Costs $140B U.S. Defense $260B approx

  3. Emerging Security Environment • Global threat environment • Rogues, renegades, outlaws • Terrorism • Transnational crimes • Technology development and proliferation • Critical Uncertainties • Strategic nuclear threats • Regional WMD • Large regional militaries

  4. Emerging Security Environment • New and modified warfare • Information warfare • Cybernetic warfare • Transnational infrastructure • Asymmetric warfare • Asynchronous warfare • Who knows what’s next?

  5. Revolution in Military Affairs • Revolution is a major, discontinuous leap in effectiveness typically characterized by: • Rapidly emerging technologies making new military systems possible • New tools and options • New operational concepts use tools • New organizations to use the options

  6. Revolution in Business Affairs • Three broad streams of activity: • Acquisition reform • Civil-Military Integration • Reducing support infrastructure • More teeth less tail

  7. Transformation Fundamental Changes in the way the DoD conducts it’s business RMA RBA Driven by technology MISSION focus Driven by technology Value focus RMA + RBA = DoD Transformation

  8. Quadrennial Defense Review • QDR report is the Strategic Plan for the DoD • The Military Force Structure Review Act of 1996 • Every 4 years (1 year after election) • Content and purpose • defense strategy, force structure, force modernization plans, infrastructure, and other elements of the defense program and policies with an intent of establishing a revised defense program

  9. Quadrennial Defense Review • 1997 • Assumed Strategic Pause until 2015 • Balance power projection and peacetime presence • 2 Major Theatre Wars(MTWs) • Still respond to Small Scale Contingencies (SSCs) • Joint Vision 2010

  10. Quadrennial Defense Review • 2006 • Fighting the Long War • Prolonged Irregular Conflict • Afghanistan • Iraq • Fight beyond Iraq and Afghanistan • Philippines • Korea • Horn of Africa

  11. Quadrennial Defense Review • Humanitarian and Early prevention • Tsunami • Pakistan Earthquake • Haiti • Liberia • Home Security • 9/11 • Hurricanes

  12. Quadrennial Defense Review Irregular Catastrophic WMD Homeland Security Defeat Terrorism Traditional Disruptive Shape Countries Decisions

  13. Quadrennial Defense Review • Joint Ground Forces • Special Operations Forces • Joint Air Capabilities • Joint Maritime Capabilities • Tailored Deterrence • Combat WMD • Joint Mobility • Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance • Net-Centricity • Joint Command and Control

  14. QDR President National Security Strategy Chairman Joint Chiefs Joint Strategy Review National Military Strategy (NMS) Joint Planning Document Defense Planning Guidance Threats New Technologies Program Objective Memorandum Budget

  15. Mission Need Determination National Security Strategy (Intelligence) Defense Planning Guidance (CinCs) Threats Mission Area Analysis Search for Capabilities Deficiencies

  16. Mission Need Determination Mission Area Analysis Search for Capabilities Deficiencies Strategy to Task focus Mission Need Analysis Mission Needs/Timeframe Needs Task to Need Focus Material Solution Needed?

  17. Mission Need Determination Material Solution Needed? Mission Need Statement • Other Changes: • Doctrine • Organization • Training • Leadership • Personnel No Yes

  18. Mission Need Statement The Mission Need Statement is the approval document at the mission need decision. It summarizes the decision factors relevant to a capability shortfall the agency should address or technological opportunity for satisfying mission responsibility more efficiently or effectively. Approval by the Joint Resources Council authorizes entry into investment analysis to determine the best overall solution to mission need.

  19. Mission Need Statement • Justify Need to fulfill a shortfall • Rigorous, analytical • Sufficient Quantifiable data to make decision • Does not suggest or justify specific solutions • Updated at any major change to mission or world situation

  20. Content • Signature page • Mission Area • Need Capability • Current Capability • Capability Shortfall • Impact • Benefits • Timeframe • Criticality • Resources/Funding

  21. Mission Need Statement The Mission Need Statement is a summary document that describes the operational problem and presents the major decision factors that the Joint Resources Council should evaluate in considering the need. Detailed quantitative and analytical information should be included as attachments.

  22. Quadrennial Defense Review • Your assignment was to find and read it: • What does it say? • Given your responses to the last HW, does this address your concerns?

  23. Summary • World is Changing • U.S. Need to Change • New strategies • New Acquisition • Fast Response • Anticipate Change