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# Salts

Salts. Salt Solutions. The salts of weak acids can recombine with water producing basic solutions. Salt Solutions. The salts of weak bases can recombine with water producing acidic solutions. Salt Solutions. A - + H 2 O HA + OH - B + + H 2 O H + + BOH.

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## Salts

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1. Salts

2. Salt Solutions • The salts of weak acids can recombine with water producing basic solutions

3. Salt Solutions • The salts of weak bases can recombine with water producing acidic solutions

4. Salt Solutions • A- + H2O HA + OH- • B+ + H2O H+ + BOH

5. Salt or Hydrolysis Problems

6. Salt Problem • Calculate the pH of a 0.20 M solution of NaBz • Ka = 6.4 x 10-5

7. Salt Problem • Calculate the pH of a 0.10 M solution of R-NH3Cl • Kb = 2.5 x 10-5

8. Salt Applications • Salts of strong acids & weak bases make acidic solutions

9. Salt Applications • Salts of strong bases & weak acids make basic solutions

10. Salt Applications • Salts of strong acids & strong bases make neutral solutions

11. Predict Relative pH • NaAc BaCl2 • KNO3 NH4Br • KHSO4 NH4Ac

12. Predict Relative pH • KAc NaCl • KClO2 NH4Cl • K2SO4 NaI

13. Anhydrides • Compounds without water; that when added to water, form other compounds

14. Acid Anhydrides • Non-metal oxides that form acids when added to water

15. Basic Anhydrides • Metal oxides that form bases when added to water

16. Predict Relative pH • Na2O SO2 • NO2 CO2 • CaO Al2O3

17. Buffer & Salt Hydrolysis Problems

18. Calculate the pH of 5.0 M KCN. KaHCN= 5.0 x 10-10

19. Calculate [H3PO4], [H2PO4-1], [HPO4-2], [PO4-3], [K+], [H+], & pH of 1.0 M KH2PO4 in 0.50 M K2HPO4. Ka1 = 7.5 x 10-3Ka2 = 6.2 x 10-8Ka3 = 4.2 x 10-13

20. Calculate pH of: 0.50 M MOHin 0.20 M MCl Kb = 5.0 x 10-5

21. Calculate pH of: 0.20 M MCl Kb = 5.0 x 10-5

22. Review of Acid/Base descriptions and Acid/Base, Buffer, & Salt Equilibria

23. Arhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, & Lewis Acids & Bases

24. Strong Acids Strong Bases

25. Acid rxns Base rxns

26. A/B Equilibrium Constants KW, KA, KB, & pH

27. Calculate pH of: • 0.025 M HNO3 • 0.020 M KOH

28. Calculate pH of: • 2.0 M HNO2 • Ka = 2.0 x 10-4

29. Calculate pH of: • 3.0 M HZin • 2.0 M KZ • Ka HZ = 3.0 x 10-5

30. Calculate pH of: • 0.20 M KQ • Ka HQ = 2.0 x 10-5

31. 150 mL of 0.10 M KOH was added to 100.0 mL of 0.10 M H2CO3. Calculate [H2CO3], [HCO3-], [CO3-2], [H+], [OH-], & pH of the solution.Ka1 = 4.4 x 10-7Ka2 = 4.7 x 10-11

32. Calculate [H3A], [H2A-1], [HA-2], [A-3], [K+], [H+],[OH-], & pH of 2.0 M KH2A. Ka1 = 4.0 x 10-3Ka2 = 5.0 x 10-8Ka3 = 2.5 x 10-13

33. Calculate pH of: • 2.0 M HQ • Ka = 2.0 x 10-6

34. Calculate pH of: • 6.0 M HZin • 4.0 M KZ • Ka HZ = 3.0 x 10-5

35. Calculate pH of: • 0.20 M KQ • Ka HQ = 2.0 x 10-7

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