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Republic Act No. 6969 Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act

Republic Act No. 6969 Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act

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Republic Act No. 6969 Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act

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  1. Republic Act No. 6969Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act Te, Vance Aaron C. SEMFILA EA2

  2. Types of Hazard Symbols General Caution sign

  3. Types of Hazard Symbols Warning sign

  4. Types of Hazard Symbols Toxic sign

  5. Types of Hazard Symbols Ionizing Radiation sign

  6. Types of Hazard Symbols Non-ionizing Radiation sign

  7. Types of Hazard Symbols Radiation danger – high level sources sign

  8. Types of Hazard Symbols Biohazard sign

  9. Types of Hazard Symbols High Voltage sign

  10. Types of Hazard Symbols Chemical Weapon sign

  11. Types of Hazard Symbols Lazard Hazard sign

  12. Types of Hazard Symbols Chemical Hazard sign

  13. NFPA 704 (National Fire Protection Association) • Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response

  14. Republic Act No. 6969 • Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress • Approved October 26, 1990 • Ramon V. Mitra – Speaker of the House of Representatives • Jovito R. Salongs – President of the Senate • Corazon C. Aquino – President of the Philippines

  15. Republic Act No. 6969 • Department of Environment and Natural Resources • The implementing agency and assisted by the Inter-Agency Advisory Council • Provides for the regulation of all chemical substances that may pose threat to public health and the environment

  16. Subject • An Act to Control Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Providing Penalties for Violations Thereof, and for other Purposes

  17. Purpose • Control of Toxic Substances and Hazardous Nuclear Waste

  18. Section 1. Short Title • Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990

  19. Section 2. Declaration of Policy • Policy of the State to regulate, restrict or prohibit • The importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment • To prohibit entry (even transit) of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal into Philippine territorial limits

  20. Section 2. Declaration of Policy • To provide advancement and facilitate research and studies on toxic chemicals

  21. Section 3. Scope • Cover the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mixtures in the Philippines

  22. Section 4. Objectives • To keep an inventory of chemicals that are presently being imported, manufactured, or used • Their existing and possible uses, test data, names of firms manufacturing or using them • To monitor or regulate the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures

  23. Section 4. Objectives • To inform and educate regarding the hazards and risks • Manufacture, handling, storage, transportation, processing, distribution, use and disposal • To prevent the entry, even in transit, as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country

  24. Section 5. Definition • Chemical Substances • Any organic or inorganic substance of a particular molecular identity • Any combination of such substances occurring in whole or in part as a result of chemical reaction or occurring in nature • Any element or uncombined chemical

  25. Section 5. Definition • Chemical Mixtures • Any combination of two or more chemical substances if the combination does not occur in nature • Include non-biodegradable mixtures • Process • Preparation of a chemical substance or mixture after its manufacture for commercial distribution

  26. Section 5. Definition • Importation • The entry of a products or substances into the Philippines (seaports or airports) after having been properly cleared through or still remaining under customs control • Manufacture • Mechanical or chemical transformation of substances into new products • By power-driven machines, by hand • Done in factory or home

  27. Section 5. Definition • Unreasonable risk • Expected frequency of undesirable effects or adverse arising from a given exposure to a substance

  28. Section 5. Definition • Hazardous substances are substances which present either • Short-term hazards • Acute toxicity by ingestion, inhalation or skin absorption, corrosivity or other skin or eye contact hazard, risk of fire or explosion • Long-term hazards • Chronic toxicity, carcinogenicity, resistance to detoxification process, potential to pollute underground or surface waters

  29. Section 5. Definition • Hazardous wastes • substances that are without any safe commercial, industrial, agricultural or economic usage and are shipped, transported or brought from the country of origin for dumping or disposal • also refer to by-products, side-products, process residues, spent reaction media, contaminated plant or equipment or other substances

  30. Section 5. Definition • Nuclear Wastes • Hazardous wastes made radioactive by exposure to the radiation incidental to the production or utilization of nuclear fuels

  31. Section 6. Functions, Power and Responsibilities • The Department of Environment and Natural Resources – implementing agency • To keep an updated inventory of chemicals that are presently being manufactured or used • To require chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk or injury to health or to the environment to be tested before they are manufactured or imported for the first time

  32. Section 6. Functions, Power and Responsibilities • To require chemical substances and mixtures presently being manufactured or processed to be tested if they pose unreasonable risk or injury • To evaluate the characteristics of chemicals that have been tested to determine their toxicity and the extent of their effects • To enter into contracts and make grants for research, development, and monitoring of chemical substances and mixtures

  33. Section 6. Functions, Power and Responsibilities • To conduct inspection of any establishment in which chemicals are manufactured, processed, stored or held • To confiscate or impound chemicals found not falling within said acts • To monitor and prevent the entry, even in transit, of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal into the country

  34. Section 6. Functions, Power and Responsibilities • To document and to require other information if necessary to carry out the provisions • To call on any department, bureau, office, agency, state university or college, and other instrumentalities of the Government for assistance • To disseminate information and conduct educational awareness campaigns

  35. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council

  36. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Ramon J.P. Paje Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources Chairman

  37. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Dr. Enrique T. Ona Secretary of Health Member

  38. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Gregory L. Domingo Secretary of Trade and Industry Member

  39. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Mario G. Montejo Secretary of Science and Technology Member

  40. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Voltaire Gazmin Secretary of National Defense Member

  41. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Albert del Rosario Secretary of Foreign Affairs Member

  42. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Rosalinda Dimapilis-Baldoz Secretary of Labor and Employment Member

  43. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council Cesar V. Purisima Secretary of Finance Member

  44. Section 7. Inter-agency Technical Advisory Council ProcesoAlcala Secretary of Agriculture Member

  45. Section 8. Pre-Manufacture and Pre-Importation Requirements • Submit the following Information to DENR • The name of the chemical substance or mixture • Its chemical identity and molecular structure • Proposed categories of use • Estimate of the amount to be manufactured, processed or imported • Processing and disposal • Test data related to health and environmental effects

  46. Section 9. Chemicals Subject to Testing • There is a reason to believe that the chemical substances or mixture may present an unreasonable risk to health or the environment • There are insufficient data and experience for determining or predicting the health and environmental effects • The testing of the chemical substance or mixture is necessary to develop such data

  47. Section 9. Chemicals Subject to Testing • The manufacturers, processors or importers shall shoulder the costs of testing

  48. Section 10. Action by the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources of his Duly Authorized Representative • The Secretary or his duly authorized representative • Within 90 days from the date of filing of the notice of manufacture, processing or importation • To decide whether or not to regulate or prohibit its importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use or disposal • May extend the 90 days for justifiable reasons within a reasonable time

  49. Section 11. Chemical Substances Exempt from Pre-Manufacture Notification • Those included in the categories already listed in the inventory of existing chemicals • Those to be produced in small quantities solely for experimental or research and developmental purposes • Chemical substances and mixtures that will not present an unreasonable risk • Chemical substances and mixtures that exist temporarily and which have no human or environmental exposure • Result of chemical reaction in the manufacture or processing of a mixture of another chemical substance