Russia Resurgent Should we again fear the Russian bear? bare? Russia’s return to “not free”
The Russian Style of Democracy • The State of Russian Democracy - Bad News/Good News • A Russian Democracy – Russian Political Culture • Brief Overview of Russian/Soviet History • The Demise of the USSR – The Power of Ideas • Why Do We Care – Implications • Shameless Book Plug
The Russian Style of Democracy • The Bad News • The Appointment of Regional Governors • The Yukos Prosecution • Interference in Ukraine’s Election • Increased Media Control • Abuses in Chechnya & the Military • Georgia incursion • Putin’s return in purported fraudulent election
The Russian Style of Democracy • The Good News • Public Opinion on Putin • The Recent Protests • Response to the Kursk Tragedy • Ukraine’s Orange Revolution • Cooperation on GWOT • Putin’s Apparent Willingness to Step Aside, (sort of) for Medvedev, but come back.
The Russian Style of Democracy Last year: in four Russian cities thousands took to the streets to protest cuts in pensions. Hundreds blocked key highways in Northern Ossestia to protest government handling of the Beslan tragedy.
The Russian Style of Democracy Russian Government’s Response to the 2000 Sinking of the Submarine Kursk Soviet Response to the Previous 24 Cold War Accidents
The Russian Style of Democracy • Elements of Russian Political Culture • Paranoia of Invasion • Inferiority/Superiority Complex • Relative Value of Human Life/Value of numbers • Stoic Acceptance of Authority & Hardship • Alcohol
The Russian Style of Democracy • The Impact of Russian History • 9th Century Kievan Rus • Genghis Khan & Mongol Rule • Czarist Expansion • Ivan the Terrible, 16th Century • Peter the Great, 17th Century • Catherine the Great, 18th Century • Napolean’s Invasion
The Russian Style of Democracy • Revolution • The Russo-Japanese War 1904 • The Failed Revolutions of 1905 • Creation of the First Duma • WWI & the Abdication of Nicolas II • The Kerensky Government • The October Revolution
The Russian Style of Democracy • Stalinization • NEP • Consolidation/Elimination of Trotsky • Forced Collectivization • Five-Year Plans • Molotov-Ribbontrop 1939 • The Great Patriotic War
The Russian Style of Democracy • Khrushchev’s Thaw • De-Stalinization and the Secret Speech • “We will bury you” • Virgin Lands Program • Cuban Missile Crisis • Peaceful Coexistance • “The Thaw” • Brezhnev’s Stagnation
The Russian Style of Democracy • The Demise of the USSR – The Power of Ideas • Gorbachev and his Generation • Glasnost, Perestroika and New Thinking • The Reagan Revolution • The War in Afghanistan • Chernobyl • The August 1991 Coup
The Russian Style of Democracy • Yeltsin’s Kleptocracy • Yeltsin on the tank saves democracy • Potemkin Democracy • Privatization and the New Oligarchs • Forgiveness of debt
The Russian Style of Democracy • Yeltsin’s Kleptocracy • Attack on the White House 1993 • The Ruble crisis of 1998 • The First Chechan War 1996
The Russian Style of Democracy • Putin’s Arrival • The Second Chechan War 99 • NATO expansion (Particularly Georgia & Ukraine) • Bombing of Serbia • 9/11 • Bush Administration • Overpowered the Oligarchs • Russian sense of betrayal
The Russian Style of Democracy August 2008 Georgia: Who invaded whom?
The Russian Style of Democracy • Obama’s Arrival • Hillary resets the relationship – Peregruzka (reset)/Perazagruzka (overcharge) • Georgia/Ukraine in NATO • Sanctions on Iran’s nuclear ambitions • Veto of condemnation of Syria
The Russian Style of Democracy • Implications for the West and What the U.S. Should Do • Russian Paranoia • Russian Superiority/Inferiority • Russian Respect for Authority • Russian Value on Human Life
Russia Resurgent Recognize this tourist in Red Square? (1988)
Russia Resurgent Questions?