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Chapter 40

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Chapter 40

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  1. Chapter 40 Fighting the Cold War at Home

  2. communist sympathizers • Were people who supported the communist ideology but did not join the party.

  3. Atomic Age • Living in a time of the promise and peril of nuclear energy and the Atomic Bomb.

  4. House Un-American Activities Committee • Congressional Committee formed in 1938 to investigate subversive or dangerous activity.

  5. Alger Hiss case • A state department official charged with passing secrets to the Soviets and convicted of perjury.

  6. Rosenberg trial • Husband and wife who were tried, convicted and executed for passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.

  7. McCarthyism • The reckless accusation and prosecution of innocent people accused of being communists. It gets its name from the Senator joseph McCarthy from Wisconsin.

  8. Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) • Was a federal agency established to help people prepare for Nuclear War. It created pamphlets and encouraged the building of bomb shelters.

  9. 1 • Two threats: A nuclear attack could strike the United States at any moment; subversives could overthrow the government for a communist dictatorship. The fear of communists and other subversives has faded, but the fear of nuclear war still exists. Nuclear proliferation is still a major global issue.

  10. 2 Government loyalty checks and investigations caused many government workers to lose their jobs for being potentially disloyal, led to blacklists that destroyed people’s careers, and resulted in McCarthyism, which made Americans even more fearful. They might also note that the investigations uncovered several truly disloyal Americans.

  11. 3 Fuchs confessed to spying for the Soviets while working on the Manhattan Project. The Rosenberg's maintained their innocence but were convicted and executed for passing atomic secrets to the USSR.

  12. 4 At first, McCarthy’s actions appeared patriotic. The Cold War climate of fear encouraged many people to accept his accusations without question. Some were reluctant to oppose him for fear of losing jobs or business. Others were afraid to speak out for fear of being labeled subversive

  13. 5 Americans realized that atomic energy held great promise as an important new power source for many peaceful purposes, but that it also posed previously unimaginable dangers as a weapon.

  14. 6 Civil defense drills showed that even with preparedness measures, millions would die in a nuclear attack. The much more powerful H-bomb made many people realize that war was no longer an option, because even a victory in a nuclear war would likely bring terrible destruction to both sides.