Adverb Clause Advanced English Grammar
Dependent Clause A subordinate or dependent clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence because his tooth hurt (it doesn't express a complete thought, so it is a subordinate clause)
Adverb Clause One type of subordinate clause is adverb clause. like adverbs, adverb clauses describe verb, an adjective, or an adverb. adverb clauses answer the following questions: • How? • When? • Where? • Why? • To what extent? • How much? • How long? • Under what conditions?
Subordinate Conjunction • after • although • as • as if • as long as • as much as • as soon as • as though • because • before • how • if • in order that • since • so that • than • though • unless • until • when • whenever • where • wherever • while
Identify Adverb Clause To find an adverb clause, look for the following things in a sentence. if you can answer yes to the all the questions below, you have probably found an adverb clause. • Can you find a connecting word (such as after, because, or than) • Do a subject and its verb follow the connecting word? • Does the group of words contain a connecting word, a subject, and its verb? • Does the word group decribe a verb, and adjective, or an adverb?
Position? Adverb clauses may be placed in various positions in sentences. when an adverb clauses comes at the beginning of a sentence, it is usually following by a comma. There are two possible structure : 1. Adverb + Subject + Verb (,) Subject + Verb 2. Subject + verb (no punctuation ) adverb + subject + verb
Example • Katy knocked on the door until someone opened it • I laughed more loudly than I had intended The adverb clause describes the verb knocked. This clause tells how long Katy knocked. The word until begins the adverb clause and connects it to the rest of the sentence
Adverb Clause – Time Connection • After : • after present, future • After past perfect, past 2. Before: • Future before present • Past perfect before past 3. When: • When past, past continous • When past, past perfect • When past, past • When present, future
Time connection - cont 4. While / As: • While/as past continous, past 5. Since : • Present perfect since past tense 6. Until : • Past until past 7. As soon as/ once: • As soon as present, future 8. As long as/so long as: • Future as long as present
Time connection - cont 9. Whenever / everytime: • Whenever present, present 10. The first time, the last time, the next time • The first time past, past • Past the last time past • The next time present, future
Identity the adverb. • After Tim saved fifty dollars, he put it in the bank. • The VCR will not work if we hook up the cords incorrectly. • The crowd stood for the national anthem before the football game began. • As long as they are quiet, the children can watch the movie with us. • There were muddy footprints wherever Natalie had walked. • The delicate hummingbird flapped its wings as it flew near the flowers. • Because Maria like comic book, she has a large comic-book collection. • Pumpkin seeds are tastier if you toast them. • When the river flowed through this area, the water created this valley. • Because Willish has studied the fifty states, he knows special facts about each one. • If Megan runs in the race this weekend, will she finish in first place? • The ground was gray and slushy where a field of snow had not melted yet.