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Leading Edge ™ / Teaching edge ™

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  1. Your totem goes here, you may use a build if you desire Leading Edge™ / Teaching edge™ Your name goes here Your course position goes here

  2. Learning Objectives At the conclusion of this presentation, you should be able to: • describe the four leadership behaviors included in the Leading EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of team development. • describe the four skills instruction behaviors included in the Teaching EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of skills development. NE-II-177

  3. Effective LeadershipMore than one style of leadership to match the people and the situation.To choose the right style use… The Leading EDGETM NE-II-177

  4. So what is “EDGE”? • Explain • Demonstrate • Guide • Enable NE-II-177

  5. Four Stages of Team Development Forming Storming Norming Performing NE-II-159

  6. Team Development Stage 1 - Forming High Low Explaining Enthusiasm Skills Leadership Style NE-II-177

  7. Team Development Stage 2 - Storming Low Low Demonstrating Enthusiasm Skills Leadership Style NE-II-177

  8. Team Development Stage 3 - Norming Increasing Increasing Guiding Enthusiasm Skills Leadership Style NE-II-177

  9. Team Development Stage 4 - Performing High High Enabling Enthusiasm Skills Leadership Style NE-II-177

  10. Regression NE-II-177

  11. FOUR STAGES OF TEAM DEVELOPMENT FORMING STORMING NORMING PERFORMING GOAL GOAL GOAL GOAL Explain Demonstrate Guide Enable The Leading EDGETM NE-II-177

  12. Four Stages of Skill Development Forming Storming Norming Performing NE-II-159

  13. Effective Skill InstructionInstruction style tailored to the needs and skill level of the individual.To choose the right instruction style use… The Teaching EDGETM NE-II-177

  14. So what is “EDGE”? • Explain • Demonstrate • Guide • Enable NE-II-177

  15. Skill DevelopmentStage 1 - Forming High Low Explaining Enthusiasm Skills Instruction Style NE-II-177

  16. Skill DevelopmentStage 2 - Storming Low Low Demonstrating Enthusiasm Skills Instruction Style NE-II-177

  17. Skill DevelopmentStage 3 - Norming Increasing Increasing Guiding Enthusiasm Skills Instruction Style NE-II-177

  18. Skill DevelopmentStage 4 - Performing High High Enabling Enthusiasm Skills Instruction Style NE-II-177

  19. NE-II-177

  20. Summary • A team responds best to leadership tailored to the stage the team is experiencing at the moment. • The Leading EDGETM acronym describes the behavior of a leader as the team moves through the stages of development. NE-II-177

  21. Summary • A learner responds best to skill instruction tailored to the stage of skill development the individual is experiencing at the moment. • The Teaching EDGETM acronym describes the behavior of a skills instructor as the learner moves through the stages of development. NE-II-177

  22. Learning Objectives • Describe the four leadership behaviors included in the Leading EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of team development. • Describe the four skills instruction behaviors included in the Teaching EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of skills development. NE-II-177

  23. References • Blanchard, Ken, Donald Carew, and Eunice Parisi-Carew, The One Minute ManagerR Builds High Performing Teams, William Morrow and Co., 2000. • Hersey, P., K. Blanchard, and D. Johnson, Management of Organizational Behavior: Leading Human Resources, Prentice Hall, 2001. • National Youth Leadership Training, No. 34490A NE-II-177

  24. The Leading EDGETM/ The Teaching EDGETM Provide ground rules: • Distribute handout • Encourage note taking • Feel free to ask questions at any time NE-II-177

  25. Learning Objectives At the conclusion of this presentation, you should be able to: • describe the four leadership behaviors included in the Leading EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of team development. • describe the four skills instruction behaviors included in the Teaching EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of skills development. NE-II-177

  26. Effective Leadership Effective leaders usually have more that one leadership style. A key to good leadership is to match the style of leadership to the people and the situation. A powerful tool for choosing the right leadership style is The Leading EDGETM. NE-II-177

  27. So what is EDGE? Explain Demonstrate Guide Enable The Leading EDGE acronym describes the behavior of a leader as a team moves through the stages of development. Yesterday, during the presentation on “Stages of Team Development”, we talked about the four stages teams go through – Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing. A team responds best to leadership tailored to the stage the team is experiencing at the moment. To provide an appropriate style of leadership, the leader must understand the level of enthusiasm and skill exhibited by the team with respect to a particular task NE-II-177

  28. Four Stages of Team Development I mentioned the Four Stages of Team Development and now I would like to review them with you and discuss what kind of leadership style works best for each stage. The primary function of team leadership is to help move the team through the stages of team development. NE-II-177

  29. Stage 1 - Forming If the team is in the Forming stage, what do you expect the level of enthusiasm/motivation to be for doing something new? (High) The skill/productivity level to be? (Low) Which style of leadership would you use? An effective leader of a team that is forming will do lots of explaining to help the team understand exactly what the leader expects them to do. NE-II-177

  30. Stage 2 - Storming If a team is in the Storming stage, what do you expect the enthusiasm/ motivation level to be for doing something new? (Low) The skill/productivity level to be? (Low) Which style of leadership would you use? An effective leader will continue to make things clear by demonstrating to the team how to succeed. How? NE-II-177

  31. Stage 3 - Norming If a team is in the Norming stage, what do you expect the enthusiasm/motivation level to be for doing something new? (Increasing) The skill/productivity level to be? (Increasing) Which style of leadership would you use? A leader of a team in the Norming stage can find success by giving team members lots of freedom to act on their own, but being ready to provide guidance (coaching) when a little help is needed. How? (Team assuming leadership roles as goals & strategies become clearer. NE-II-177

  32. Stage 4 - Performing If a team is in the Performing stage, what do you expect the enthusiasm/motivation level to be for doing something new? (High) The skill/productivity level to be? (High) Which style of leadership would you use? A leader enables team members to make decisions on their own and to keep progressing toward completion of the task. How? (Encourage shared leadership, see that all members are participating. To enable the team to make decisions and move ahead on their own, the leader must provide access to relevant information and necessary resources. NE-II-177

  33. Regression Going backwards!! What happens if I remove one of the members of this team? As it develops, a team does not always move smoothly from one stage to the next. It also does not always move forward, and will sometimes find itself back at an earlier stage of development. Experienced team – sets new goals or starts a new skill – back to Forming. Unanticipated roadblocks – slips back one or two stages. New members – ReForming, Storming, Norming before Performing. NE-II-177

  34. Graphical Representation Together, the stages of team development and The Leading EDGETM provide a framework for matching each stage of team development with an appropriate leadership style. Remember, when serving as a team leader, identify the current stage of team development by accessing the team’s level of enthusiasm and skill, and select an appropriate leadership style to use. NE-II-177

  35. The Teaching EDGETM The ability of a team to succeed at a particular task often depends upon the need for team members to individually or collectively learn new skills. It is the leader’s responsibility to provide skills instruction when the need is recognized. The leader may serve as instructor if he or she has mastered the requisite skills, or arrange for an instructor. NE-II-177

  36. Four Stages of Skill Development Just as teams experience stages of development with respect to the completion of a particular task, individuals go through the same stages when learning a skill. Forming - High enthusiasm – Low skill Excited about possibilities, can’t perform skill. Storming – Enthusiasm fades – Low skill While working the skill, discouraged by difficulty Norming – Enthusiasm rises as skill level rises. With work, will advance as learning takes place Performing – High enthusiasm – Skill mastered He will make the skill his own and will know it so well that he can teach it to others. Why would it be helpful for an instructor to know the skill development stage of learners? When you know, you can adjust your teaching methods to match that person’s needs

  37. The Teaching EDGETM A learner responds best to skills instruction tailored to the stage of skills development the individual is experiencing at the moment. To provide an appropriate style of skills instruction, the instructor must access the level of enthusiasm and skill demonstrated by the learner. A powerful tool for choosing the right instruction style is the Teaching EDGETM. Once again the letters EDGE stand for: Explain Demonstrate Guide Enable This acronym is used to describe the behavior of an instructor as a learner goes through the stages of learning a skill. NE-II-177

  38. Skill DevelopmentStage 1 - Forming A person is enthused about something new and motivated to learn, but has a low level of skill. An instructor will need to do lots of careful (explaining) Telling the learner exactly what to do and how to do it. Explaining is important because it clarifies the subject for the learner and the instructor. NE-II-177

  39. Skill DevelopmentStage 2 - Storming A person has been at it long enough to realize that mastering a skill may not be easy and that lots of work remains to be done. As a result, his enthusiasm and motivation are low. Skills are still low, too. An instructor must (demonstrate) the new skill to the learner, clearly showing him what to do and how to do it. Demonstrating is important because it allows learners to see as well as hear how something is done. They can follow the process from beginning to end. NE-II-177

  40. Skill DevelopmentStage 3 - Norming As a learner keeps at it, his level of skill will rise. He realizes he is making progress, and so motivation and enthusiasm will rise also. An instructor will need to (guide) the person – giving him more freedom to figure out things on his own, supporting him with encouragement, and helping hime move closer to the goal. Guiding is important because it allows learners to learn by doing. It allows the instructor to see how well learners are grasping the skill. NE-II-177

  41. Skill DevelopmentStage 4 - Performing Skills are high and so is enthusiasm and motivation. A learner has reached the point where he can act independently and be productive. An instructor will need to (enable) the person – offer him plenty of freedom to make decisions on his own and keep moving ahead. Enabling is important because it allows learners to use skills themselves. It also encourages repetition – an important aspect of mastering a skill. However in the end!!!! NE-II-177

  42. Learning Objectives Describe the four leadership behaviors included in the Leading EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of team development. • Describe the four skills instruction behaviors included in the Teaching EDGETM, and explain which behavior is most appropriate for each stage of skills development. NE-II-177

  43. Summary • A team responds best to leadership tailored to the stage the team is experiencing at the moment. • The Leading EDGETM acronym describes the behavior of a leader as the team moves through the stages of development. • A learner responds best to skill instruction tailored to the stage of skill development the individual is experiencing at the moment. • The Teaching EDGETM acronym describes the behavior of a skills instructor as the learner moves through the stages of development. NE-II-177

  44. References • Blanchard, Ken, Donald Carew, and Eunice Parisi-Carew, The One Minute ManagerR Builds High Performing Teams, William Morrow and Co., 2000. • Hersey, P., K. Blanchard, and D. Johnson, Management of Organizational Behavior: Leading Human Resources, Prentice Hall, 2001. • National Youth Leadership Training, No. 34490A NE-II-177

  45. NE-II-177

  46. Your totem goes here, you may use a build if you desire Thank You! NE-II-177