Laboratory Waste Management Program General Awareness Presented by: [insert college logo here]
Laboratory Waste Management General Awareness Why is this so important
Course Overview • It’s Your Responsibility! • Regulation and Policy • Laboratory Waste Management • Spills/ Emergencies • Pollution Prevention
President Laboratory Waste Management Committee Coordinating Department Department Chairperson Scientist-in-Charge Facility Personnel Students Laboratory Workers It’s Your Responsibility! Who is Responsible for Laboratory Waste?
Regulation and Policy What can happen if you’re not in compliance? • Fines • Prosecution
[Your Key Policy Points] [Examples: Applicable Regulations Pollution Prevention Objectives Continual Improvement of Environmental Systems] [Your Key Principles] [Examples: Comply with regulations Minimize impact to environment and community Continually reduce impacts through pollution prevention Educate and train on programs and procedures Monitor performance] Regulation and Policy
Deficiency [insert specific detail] Notification [insert who will be notified] Warning letter [insert specific detail] Actions [Examples: Correction, with costs assessed to department or college Closure of laboratory Loss of laboratory privileges] Regulation and Policy Enforcement
Laboratory WasteManagement THE GOALS: • Define waste • Discuss proper management of different types of waste
Laboratory Waste Management What is Waste
Hazardous Waste Identification • Corrosive • Ignitable • Reactive • Toxic or if • Listed Wastes are considered hazardous if they exhibitone or moreof the following characteristics:
How Do I Know? • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • provides information on: • safe handling and disposal • physical properties and hazards • safe storage • internet references • www.hazard.com • www.msdssearch.com • many more on page 18 of guidebook • Call [Coordinating Department at ______] for more information • Call manufacturer or supplier of product
Waste Characterization • Checklist in Guidebook 3 • Mixed waste? • Specific hazardous wastes? • Radioactive Waste? • Additional Questions? • Call [Coordinating Department at _______]
Container Management • Containers should be: • Compatible with waste • Needs to be clean • Sturdy, leak proof • Closed, tight-fitting cap • Appropriate size • Under control of person producing waste • Labeled with hazardous waste label
Hazardous Waste Labeling • Labels • Identify hazardous waste • List all components and their percentages • Identify hazard properties • Name, location, and phone number of person responsible for waste • Remove other extraneous labels
Located in laboratory Mark area clearly Proper containers and labels Segregate incompatibles Secondary containment for liquid containers Spill kit Only one container of each hazardous waste Maximum storage: 55 gallons 1 quart acutely hazardous Post emergency information Hazardous Waste Accumulation Area
[The Coordinating Department] is responsible for retrieval, transport and disposal When full, arrange for immediate removal Fax form and call [the Coordinating Department at ____] Container must be properly labeled Pick-up must be supervised by a knowledgeable user Pick-up and Disposal
Chemical Clean-Out • Inventory all unwanted chemicals • Fill out “Laboratory Clean-out Form” • Fax and call [Coordinating Department at ______] • Coordinating Department will assess and manage • SAFETY FIRST!
Biological Waste Management • Biomedical • biohazardous • infectious • pathological • “sharps” • Animal
Double-lined red biohazard bags In rigid containers Within weight limits Double tape bags when full Label with college label obtained from Coordinating Dept Close container and triple tape seams Notify Coord. Dpt for pickup at _______ Biomedical Waste Packaging Good practice: Autoclave infectious waste
Pharmaceutical Waste Management • What is pharmaceutical waste? • Separate from regular trash • Label • Fax and call [Coordinating Department at ____] for disposal
Step 1: Segregate by hazard type Step 2: Place in sharps container and affix proper hazard labels Step 3: Biological place in lined biological waste container Biological and Hazardous label as biological waste and hazardous waste and contact [CD] Radioactive call [Radiation Safety Office] Non-hazardous lab glassware place in box and seal box, then place box in trash Sharps
Chemical Spill / Emergency Response What would you do in the event of a spill?
Assess hazards and dangers — if unknown,assume the worst and evacuate Tend to injured or contaminated person Seek medical attention immediately Contain or limit the spill Call [insert contact number] for emergency personnel to clean-up spill and provide medical attention Notify Supervisor Chemical Spill / Emergency Response
Source Elimination and Reduction Recycling and Reuse Treatment Pollution Prevention EPA’s Pollution Prevention Hierarchy Disposal
Pollution Prevention Strategy • Reduced scale • “micro scale” experiments • Reduced toxicity/chemical substitution • Reuse & recovery of lab chemicals • Detoxification • lab experiments that produce a less toxic/hazardous substance • Computer modeling & simulations • demo experiments vs. chemical usage
Where to Get Help To get help, or to learn more: • Call Coordinating Department • List of environmental resources in • [Guidebook] • [website] • [etc.] It’s your responsibility!