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US Pacific Command Area of Responsibility

US Pacific Command Area of Responsibility

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US Pacific Command Area of Responsibility

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  1. US Pacific CommandArea of Responsibility

  2. Overview • Area of Responsibility • Political Systems • Religion • Art • US Interests

  3. Area of Responsibility • Waters off the Pacific Coast to the western border of India, North Pole to Antarctica • 36 nations, 50% of the world population, 3,000 languages • 2 of the 3 largest economies in the world • Largest democratic Muslim majority nation in the world • Smallest republic in the world

  4. Area of Responsibility • USPACOM headquarters in HI is closer to NYC than Sydney, Australia • Joint Base Lewis-McChord near Seattle closer to Kuwait City than Bangkok, Thailand

  5. Political Systems • Majority representative governments • China and North Korea: communist states w/large standing armies & nuclear capability • Laos: communist state w/continued class system, limited private enterprise, and normal trade relations w/US • Burma: aka Myanmar, ruling military junta

  6. Religion • Home to Buddhism and Hinduism • Large population of India, Indonesia and Bangladesh make Islam and Hinduism most prevalent religions in the region • Christianity dominant in British Commonwealth nations & smaller island nations

  7. Religion • Hinduism: • World’s oldest organized religion evolving since 1500 BCE • World’s 3rdlargest religion after Christianity and Islam • Dominant religion in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka • No single founder, concept of deity, holy text, system of morality, central religion authority, concept of prophet • All encompassing way of life

  8. Religion • Buddhism • 4thlargest religion in the world • No congregational membership, little participation in public ceremonies, often exists in nations with little or no religious freedom (such as China) • Often combined w/other religions • Founded in Northern India around sixth century BCE (predates Christianity &Islam) • Shares w/Hinduism belief in karma, dharma, and reincarnation Bodhi Tree where The Buddha achieved enlightenment

  9. Religion • Buddhism, Cont. • No recognition or worship of deities • No concept of the human soul • Multiple forms across world; Theravada Buddhism is most common in Southeast Asia, Mahayana Buddhism most common in China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Mongolia; Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet • Zen Buddhism developed in China but increasingly popular in West

  10. Religion • Islam • 2nd largest religion in world, estimated to be largest in world by mid-twenty-first century • Mostly Sunni Islam in USPACOM region • Indonesia • 4thlargest population in world, republic, • Largest Islamic constitutional democracy in the world after massive student protests in 1990s • Bangladesh • 7thlargest population in world, Islamic democracy

  11. Art • Western vs. Eastern Art • West • Art is communication between artist and audience • Distinction between visual arts and performing arts • East • Art is the essence or inherent nature of object • Visual and performing arts are blended • Painting & calligraphy are only “fine” arts because they alone require no physical labor and have no physical function • Art is highly symbolic

  12. Art • Chinese, Korean and Japanese calligraphy considered an art form; developed from Chinese characters but borrow from each other • Characters serve as symbols for complex ideas • Literature in China, Korea and Japan bound to the development of written language

  13. Art • East Asian music = small ensembles emphasizing melody over harmony • South Asian music = typically played against drone • Music, dance and drama are linked; little evidence of separate evolution or development • East Asian dance = music played to the rhythm of dancer’s feet (music played to dancers, dancers don’t dance to music)

  14. Art • Masked and unmasked dances, theater, processionals, opera, shadow theater, puppet theater, dialogue plays with music and dance are common • Indian dance gestures (madras) are highly abstract symbols expressing non-physical states of being, similar to Chinese calligraphy

  15. Art • Aesthetic • Wabi-sabi • Non-linear, holistic approach to art and beauty

  16. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • 5 of 7 mutual defense treaties in USPACOM: Japan, Australia, South Korea, Thailand, the Phillipines • Date back to 1950s and US attempts to prevent spread of communism after WWII

  17. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • Australia: • Active participant in stabilization efforts in region • Recently increased participation in Afghanistan • Regular collaboration in ISR, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief

  18. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • Japan: • Cornerstone of US security strategy in Northeast Asia • Close military and political ties

  19. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • Republic of Korea: • Provide active anti-piracy efforts and maritime security • Direct assistance in OEF in Afghanistan • US is actively handing off security responsibilities to ROK

  20. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • Republic of the Philippines • Transitioning forces from internal security to territorial defense

  21. US Interests • Mutual Defense Treaties and Strategic Partnerships • Thailand • Providing important contributions to overseas contingency ops, counternarcotics, humanitarian assistance, and peacekeeping operations • Contributes to regional security, shares goals of democracy, regional stability, counterterrorism and counter-proliferation with United States

  22. US Interests • Trade and Commerce • 4 of “Top 10” trading partners of the US: China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan; China and Japan are also 2 of “Top 5” • Interdependent economies felt in emergencies such as earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster in Japan

  23. US Interests • Strategic Influence • US influence in region being increasingly challenged by China and India • USPACOM leaders consistently telling USPACOM/CC that constraints on partnerships imposed by United States make partnerships increasingly difficult

  24. Summary • Area of Responsibility • Political Systems • Religion • Art • US Interests