Emergency Response Teams Ron Scholtz- CHMM, REA Analog Devices, Inc. October 7, 2003
Why Emergency Response Teams? • ERT has been a part of the semiconductor industry for many years • Local ordinances require that facilities which use toxic gases must have an on-site emergency response team • Hazardous waste generator activities trigger OSHA Hazwoper requirements (29 CFR) • Local fire departments want to have on-site expertise due to the complex nature of semiconductor fabrication facilities • On-site capability gives a fast and effective response. Minimizes health and safety issues for employees and surrounding community. Also limits damage to property and interruption of business
Team Structure • Initial 40 hour training- Chemical spill clean-up, personal protective equipment, fire control, medical and first aid, incident command system • 24 hour refresher training annually • Annual medical exam • Some facilities with limited chemical use have Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERT) only • Some companies maintain full time ERT members • Most ERT are made up of volunteers • Team sizes can vary, but for a Level A or B entry a minimum of 5 must be present • Compensation varies- pay differentials, lunches, spot awards, sports wear
Pre-Planning • Quarterly drills • Annual plant evacuation drills for employees • Annual fire department drills • Monthly emergency equipment inspections • Plant walkthroughs by ERT and fire department • Alarm and shutdown location binders • Building evacuation sweep maps • Written contingency plan • Incident command system
Spill “Crash” Cart Decontamination station- pools, hoses, brushes Storm drain protection mats Spill absorbents Spill neutralizers Monitoring equipment- O2/LEL, toxic gas Detection kits- pH paper, “spillfyter” strips Tools Wind direction meter First aid kits Blood pressure cuff Oxygen Biohazard clean-up kits Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) Level A Suits Level B Suits Gloves and foot protection Hard hats Material Safety Data Sheets Contingency Plan Emergency Equipment
Typical Response • Emergency number is called • ERT are paged to a predetermined location • Incident command is established • Assessment of emergency is made • If necessary, area or building is evacuated • Response plan is formulated • Cold, warm, and hot zones established • Agency notifications determined • Decontamination station established • Entry teams enter hot zone • Emergency is addressed • Emergency equipment replenished • Post emergency critique • Follow-up reports to agencies
When to Call for the Fire Department? • Medical emergency requiring ambulance • Fire- no matter the size • Gas release that leaves the property • Gas release that injures employees • Chemical spill outside secondary containment • Chemical spill into a storm drain • Reportable quantity (RQ) releases • Building evacuations • Possible terrorist situation • When you are not sure, call anyway. Better safe than sorry!
Fire Department “Comfort Level” • There is an incident commander established • The affected areas have been evacuated • The cause of the emergency is known • There are adequate ERT available • The ERT are following proper protocol- PPE, decon stations • The fire department may elect to step back and let the ERT handle the situation • The fire department may choose a joint response • The fire department may pull the ERT completely out • No matter what, the fire department is in charge upon arrival and their instructions must be followed to the “T”!