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Reported Speech

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Reported Speech

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  1. Reported Speech By: Andrés Pellicer Pablo Olcina

  2. TENSES Indirect Speech Direct Speech PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE FUTURE SIMPLE (WILL) WOULD PRESENT CONTIONUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

  3. MODALS Indirect speech Direct Speech COULD CAN MIGHT MAY HAD TO MUST*/ HAVE TO WOULD WILL • *MUST doesn’t change when: • it’s negative • Ex: You musn’t tell her our secret • He said that I musn’t tell her our secret • when it expresses a deduction • Ex: He must still be asleep • She said that he must still be asleep

  4. TIME EXPRESSIONS Indirect Speech Direct Speech THEN NOW TODAY THAT DAY TONIGHT THAT NIGHT YESTERDAY THE DAY BEFORE/ THE PREVIOUS DAY LAST WEEK THE WEEK BEFORE/THE PREVIOUS WEEK THE MONTH BEFORE/THE PREVIOUS MONTH A MONTH AGO THE FOLLOWING/NEXT DAY/ THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW THE FOLLOWING WEEK/ THE WEEK AFTER NEXT WEEK THERE HERE THAT/ THOSE THIS/THESE

  5. REPORTED SPEECH : BASIC STRUCTURE TOLD (+ SOMEONE) SUBJECT ( NOUN, PRONOUN….) * THAT + REPORTED STATEMENT SAID EXEMPLE: 1- “We know which foods are causing problems behaviour” the doctor said The doctor said/ told us (that) they knew wich foods were causing problems behaviour

  6. EXERCISE 1- “I ’m not feeling very well” said Paco Paco told me that he wasn’t feeling very well 2- “I lost my wallet last night ” said Pepe Pepe said he had lost his wallet the night before 3- “ I’ll book your ticket for 7,30” the recepcionist said The recepcionist said that he would book her ticket for 7,30 There are verbs which give more information about what had happened like claim, answer, agree, apologise, complain, declare, deny, explain, suggest, recommend … 1- “I ’m not feeling very well” said Paco Paco explained that he wasn’t feeling very well 2- “I lost my wallet last night” said Pepe Pepe complained that he had lost his wallet the night before 3- “ I’ll book your ticket for 7,30” the recepcionist said The recepcionist informed that he would book her ticket for 7,30

  7. Reporting orders: Structure To Not to Subject + told/order (somebody) + infinitive Exemple: “Don’t smoke” Benito said Benito told/ order me not to smoke Benito demanded me not to smoke Some verbs are used in reported speech to express our intention. These verbs are: shout, demand, warn, and beg

  8. Reported orders: For orders which are formulated in a polite way, we use ask instead of order or tell. To Not to Subject + asked(somebody) + infinitive Exemple: “Coul you stop smoking, please?” Benito said Benito asked me to stop smoking

  9. Reported questions • If it’s a question whose answer is Yes/No Subject + asked(somebody) + if/whether + the statement 1- “Can you play the piano?” Juanito said Juanito asked if I could paly the piano • If it’s a question formulated with WH- why what where Subject + asked(somebody) + the statement when how who 2- “ What is your name?” Jaimito said Jaimito asked what her name was 3- “Why did you go to the cinema alone?” Juanjo said Juanjo said why you had gone to the cinema alone

  10. Exercise: Report what each person said. Complete the sentences with the words below. Reminded ■ warned ■ suggested ■ asked ■ denied I didn’t read your diary, Ellen. He denied that he had read Ellen’s diary You really shouldn’t swim alone in the sea. He warned me not to swim alone in the sea Sally suggested going out that night / that they go out that night Let’s go out tonight, Sally. She reminded Tina not to forget to call her that night Don’t forget to call me tonight, Tina. Did you understand the joke, Cathy? He asked Cathy if / whether she had understood the joke

  11. 1. “I can’t live on my basic salary”, said Peter, “I’ll have to offer to do overtime” Peter said he couldn’t live on his basic salary and (he added) he’d have to offer to do overtime 2. “Are you going to see him at the airport?”, I asked her “Yes”, she said I asked her if she was going to see him at the airport and she answered that she was. 3. “ Shall I send it round to your hotel, sir?” The shopassistant asked the tourist The shopassistant asked if he should send it round to his hotel. 4. “Shall we meet at the theatre?” he said. He suggested meeting at the theatre/he suggested that they should meet at the theatre. 5. I warn you: “Do not ever touch this!”. He advised/warned me not to touch that 6. “How disgusting!”, Angela said, “What an awful thing!” Angela said that it was a disgusting,and awful thing

  12. 1- He said that they would keep on fighting until the end 2- He told us to give him freedom 3- He ordered us to raise our hands 4- He predicted that that night was going to be a good night

  13. 5- He suggested imagining all the people living life in pecace 6- He demmanded to listen what he said 7- She said that she had a feeling inside and that intuition had always been a women's guide.