The Temple of Artemis By: Sandy ATR
Quick Quotes • Location: A Greek City Called Ephesus • Built in 550 BC, again in 430 BC, again in 356 BC, and again in AD 3 • A marble temple with a tile-covered wooden roof. It was built for the Goddess of Fertility, Artemis. She is shown with either multiple breast or draped with eggs.
Fascinating Facts • The second time, the temple was destroyed, it was because a man named Herostratus wanted his name to go down in history, so he burned down the temple. The town was so upset, that anyone who even said his name was killed!! • The night Herostratus burned down the temple, Alexander the Great was born. People say Artemis was so busy guiding Alexander’s birth, that she couldn’t protect her temple. • While one of the temples was under construction, one of the beams fell crooked, and they could not find a way to make it lay flat.One night, the architect had a dream that the Goddess herself fixed it. The next morning the beam was in the proper place.
Where would you find the Temple of Artemis? If you were to go to the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, you would see the beautiful Temple of Artemis. It is located on the west coast of modern day Turkey in Europe. If you went now, you would be in the city of Ayasalouk. All you would see now would be a large swampy area.
The Temple Of Artemis’s base was built in a rectangular form. It was made of marble with a decorated façade overlooking a spacious courtyard. There were marble steps surrounding the temple leading to a high terrace that was about 80 m by 130 m. There were also 127 columns which were 20 m high.. The columns covered the whole platform area except the central cell, also called the house of the goddess. The Temple of Artemis was also a place of many works of art. They include four ancient bronze Amazon statues, golden pillars, silver statuettes, and many paintings. And, of course, there is the goddess herself, shown either draped with eggs or multiple breasts, the symbol of fertility. The temple also carried a sacred stone that people say fell from Jupiter. Temple of Artemis Devine designs of the
The History of the Temple of Artemis TheTemple of Artemis was first built around 550 BC, and the last temple was destroyed in AD 262. The temple was built and destroyed four times. The first temple was built in 550 BC by an architect named Chersiphron. However, this temple didn’t last long. A couple years later, King Croesus of Lydia destroyed it while trying to conquer Ephesus. He won and contributed very generously to the building of the new temple.
History (cont.) The second temple was built in 356 Bc by an architect named Theodorus. He made the temple’s area four times the size of the other temple. The temple lasted until 348BC, when Herostratus burned down the temple. Herostratus wanted his name to go down in history and would do anything for it, even if it meant he would be killed. The citizens of Ephesus were so appalled by what he had done, that anyone who even spoke of him was killed. Of course a new temple was built. It was built by the best architect in that time. His name was Scopas of Paros. The temple was built in the same marshy place except that Scopas put layers of trodden charcoal under it with fleeces covered with wool.. This temple was so far the bast one out of all the temples. The Ephesians even sold Artemis dolls around the temple. It lasted until St. Paul and the Goths destroyed it in 57AD while they were trying to make the people of Ephesus convert to Christianity.
The History of the Temple of Artemis (cont.) When St. Paul left, the Ephesians built a new temple. It wasn’t bigger and better than the one before it; it was a little smaller. St. Paul returned a couple years later and actually defeated the Ephesians. Now that St. Paul was ruler, the town was Christian and could not worship their Goddess, Artemis. Eventually, the Goths destroyed the temple, for they did not believe in pagan temples. So the temple was forgotten after it was destroyed in 262 AD.